Splattered blood

Humans and History; the discovery of blood.

  • Jan 1, 1200

    Eminent Cairo

    Eminent Cairo
    A physician who is recognized by his discovery of how the blood goes in and out of the lungs. This is also known as Pulmonary Circulation.
  • Fabricius

    An anatomist from Padula that created the very first drawing of vein valves with work that he published with it.
  • William Harvey

    William Harvey
    A British physicain that purposes the blood that flows through the entire body because the heart is the one that pumps it.
  • Jan Swammerdam

    Jan Swammerdam
    A Dutch microscopist that is known as the first human to describe and observe the red blood cells.
  • Marcello Malpighi

    Marcello Malpighi
    An Italian anatomist that is the first one to take a look at the Capillary System, which is a combination of many vessels that connect to the arteries and veins. To do this he used a Rudimentary microscope.
  • Richard Lower

    He is the first person recorded to perform a blood transfusion with two dogs.
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    A Dutch microscopist that was unaware of the work Malpighi and Swammerdam had already completed. He gave a more specific description of red blood cells and approximated their size.
  • William Hewson

    A Britidh anatomist researched blood coagulation.
  • James Blundell

    Performed the first recorded human to human blood transfusion. He is a physiologist that did the procedure by using a syringe and 12 to 14 ounces of blood from several doners to a person who was suffering from internal bleeding, but shortly after passed away.
  • Sir William Osler

    A man who first looked at the bone marrow and found that there were small cell fragments that made the clots in the blood vessels, later on these were named Platelets.
  • Karl Landsteiner

    Karl Landsteiner
    A physician that discovered the three different blood types that he named A, B, and C but later on changed C to O. He mixed two blood types such as A and B and realized that there was clumping which is also know as agglutination.
  • Alfred von Decastillo and Adriano Sturli

    Alfred von Decastillo and Adriano Sturli
    These two men were colleages of Karl Landsteiner they discovered the blood type AB which is the fourth one that agglutinates when mixed with A or B.
  • Dr. Ludvig Hektoen

    Dr. Ludvig Hektoen
    Recommended that before people donate their blood they should be tested to see if there are any signs of omcompatibilty or cross matching.
  • Albert Hustin and Luis Agote

    Albert Hustin and Luis Agote
    These two researchers discovered that when you add sodium citrate to the blood it will keep it from clotting.
  • Dr. Richard Weil

    Confirmed blood that has been citrated can be stored for a couple of days then transfused into the person who needs the blood.
  • Francis Peyton Rous and J.R. Turner

    These men created a citrate-glucose mixture that made it safe for blood to be stored for a few weeks and still be transfused to another person after being collected.
  • Oswald Robertson

    He established the first blood depot. Since he knew what Cr. Turner and Dr. Rous discovered he advanced off of what they formulated.
  • Percy Lane Oliver

    Started a blood doner service he ran inside of his house, he recruited volunteers that were comitted to travel to nearby hospitals to give blood and be at service for 24 hours.
  • Anesthesiologists at Mayo Clinic

    A group of anesthesiologists that worked at Mayo Clinic planned a blood transfusion service that used the citrated blood in Untied States hospitals.
  • Dr. Norman Bethune

    Dr. Norman Bethune
    A doctor and volunteer that created a similar blood service that was mobile called the Spanish-Canadian Blood Transfusion Institute.
  • Dr. Karl Landsteiner and Alexander Wiener

    They found another blood group called Rh by doing experiments on Rhesus monkeys. They used their red blood cells.
  • Dr, Isidor Radvin

    A Philiadelphia surgeon who treated people who were afftected at the Pearl Harbor attack, he used Albumin to increase blood volume.
  • Dr. Paul Beeson

    Dr. Paul Beeson
    He linked the occurence of jaundice to blood or plasma transfusions.
  • Blood Banks

    Independent community blood banks formed a national network of blood banks called the American Association of Blood Banks in the postwar period.
  • Dr. Carl W. Walter

    He developed a plastic bag that was specially designed for holding collected blood rather than using glass bottles.
  • Dr. Max Perutz

    He unraveled the hemoglobin by figuring out its structure ; the protein in the red blood cells carry the oxygen.
  • Dr. Judith Pool

    Dr. Judith Pool
    She found that the plasma that is slowly thawed yields deposits cryoprecipitates that contain a greater clotting power.
  • Dr. Kenneth M. Brinkhous and Edward Shanbrom

    They produced a high concentrated form of Antihemophilic Factor by getting high amounts of plasma that make cryoprecipitates.
  • Elliot Richardson

    He is the secretary of welfare, health, and education. He gave the responsibilities of regulating the blood banking industry from the DBS to the FDA.
  • New Syndrome

    A syndrome called Gay-related Immunodeficiency Disease (GRID) is mainly among gay men, this was later called Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
  • Dr. Bruce Evatt

    He thinks that Gay-related Immunodeficiency Disease is a syndrome that is blood borne.
  • Research

    Researchers in France locate the AIDS virus that causes AIDS in a swollen lymph node of an AIDS patient, and called it Lymphadenopath-Associated Virus (LAV).
  • Dr. Robert Gallo

    He identified the deadly virus that is the one responsible for causing AIDS.
  • Spreading of AIDS

    Since many Americans were gatting AIDS from the blood transfusions they created and held the first blood-screening test on March 2.
  • Blood Screening

    Blood Screening
    Over time more blood tests were created to screen any and all donated blood just incase the person who donated their blood had a disease.