Bloodlamb 1

History of Blood

  • 100

    500 BCE

    Alcmaeon of Croton observes that arteries and veins are not similar
  • 100

    130 CE- 200 CE Claudius Galenus

    Claudius Galenus, an important physician, proves that arteries contain blood. He believes that the system of the arteries and veins differ. Blood forms in the liver and in order to get to other parts of the body it travels through the veins
  • 100

    350 BCE Greek Philosopher Aristotle

    Aristotle believes the heart is the central organ of the body. He begins to conduct dissections of different animals and concludes that it is a 3 chambered organ for animals and humans.
  • 100

    300 BCE

    A Greek anatomist discovers that arteries are thicker than veins and that they carry blood.
  • Feb 18, 1200


    Ibn al-Nafis discovers the pulmonary circulation. He also describes it explaining how the blood flows to and from the lungs.
  • 1628

    William Harvey publishes his masterwork called Anatomical Treatise on the Movement of the Heart and Blood in Animals. In his work he explains how the blood is pumped by the heart in order to circulate within the body.
  • 1658 Jan Swammerdam

    Jan Swammerdam is believed to be the first person to see red blood cells and describe them.
  • Marcello Malpighi

    Marcello Malpighi uses a rudimentary microscope and detects the capillary system. This system is the network of vessels that connect the arteries and the veins.
  • 1665 Richard Lower

    Richard Lower is the first person to perform a recorded blood transfusion in animals.
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    Anton Van Leeuwenhoek is able to give an idea of the size of a red blood cell. As he states, it is about "25,000 times smaller than a fine grain of sand."
  • William Hewson

    William Hewson features in his book his research on blood coagulation. He includes a substance labeled "coagulable lymph" which is now known as fibrogen.
  • Philip Syng Physick

    Philips Syng Physick performs the first human-to-human blood transfusion
  • Karl Landsteiner

    Karl Landsteiner publishes a paper where he details his discovery of the 3 main blood types. These 3 main blood types are A, B, C.
  • Reuben Ottenburg

    Ruben Otenburg performs the first transfusion using cross matching. Cross matching is when you check the blood of donors and recipients for signs of incompatibility
  • Albert Hustin and Luis Agote

    Albert Hustin and Luis Agote discover that adding sodium citrate to blood will prevent it from thickening.
  • Francis Peyton Rous and J.R. Turner

    Francis Peyton Rous and J.R. Turner develop a citrate-glucose solution that allows blood to be kept for a few weeks and still be usable
  • Oswald Robertson

    Dr. Oswald Robertson collects and stores type O blood and has the first blood depot.
  • Serge Yudin

    Dr. Serge Yudin is the first to test the ability of transfusing humans with cadaver blood.
  • The Soviets

    The Soviets create a network of abilities to collect and store blood, that will be used in transfusions at hospitals.
  • Citrated blood

    A group of anesthesiologists are the first to store citrated blood and use it for transfusions in a hospital setting.
  • Federico Duran-Jorda

    Federico Duran-Jorda starts the Barcelona Blood-Transfusion Service. They collect blood, test it, and store it under refrigeration
  • Karl Landsteiner

    Karl Landsteiner and Alexander Wiener experiment with the red blood cells of Rhesus monkeys and discover the Rh blood group.
  • Isidor Ravdin

    Dr. Isidor Ravdin treats successfully the victims of the Pearl Harbor attack with albumin to increase the blood volume.
  • The American Association of Blood Banks

    Directors of independent, community blood banks join together to form the American Association of Blood Banks.
  • Carl W. Walter

    Dr. Carl W. Walter creates a plastic bag for the collection of blood.
  • Max Perutz

    Dr. Max Perutz is able to undo the structure of hemoglobin through the use of X-ray crystallography
  • Kenneth M. Brinkhous and Edward Shanbrom

    Kenneth M. Brinkhous and Edward Shanbrom produce a form of Factor VIII by merging large quantities of plasma. They are redissolved, treated, filtered, and centrifuged.
  • Judith Pool

    Dr. Judith Pool discovers that softened frozen plasmas are high in Antihemophilic Factor. Cryo has much greater clotting power than plasma.
  • Elliot Richardson

    Elliot Richardson sends the responsibility of regulating the blood banking industry from the Division of Biologics Standards to the Food and Drug Administration
  • Syndrome

    The first cases of a syndrome are reported, and is later renames AIDS.
  • Bruce Evatt

    Bruce Evatt suspects that the syndrome may be blood borne. He
    presents his theories at a meeting of a group of the U.S. Public Health Service.
  • Luc Montagnier

    Luc Montagnier's lab detatch the virus that causes AIDS.
  • Robert Gallo

    Robert Gallo identified the virus that causes AIDS. He calls it HTLV III (human T-cell lymphotropic virus)
  • Blood-screening test

    The first blood-screening test to find HIV antibodies is licensed by the US government.
  • Screen donated blood

    More sensitive tests are developed and used to screen donated blood for infectious diseases