History of Blood

  • 200

    CE Claudius Galenus

    CE Claudius Galenus
    Galen becomes one of the most important physicians in history. He proves that arteries do contain blood and also suggests that blood forms in the liver and travels through the veins.
  • 300

    BCE First Human Disections

    BCE First Human Disections
    Herophilus of Chalcedon was the first Greek anatomist to publicly disect a human cadaver in Egypt. He also stated that arteries are thicker than viens and carry blood.
  • 350

    BCE Central Organ

    BCE Central Organ
    Greek philosopher, Aristotle believes that the heart is the central organ of the body. He performs disections on different animals to find out the structure of the heart and finds out that it is a three-chambered organ.
  • 450

    BCE Organ of Sence

    BCE Organ of Sence
    A Greek philosopher named Empedocles states that the organ of sence is the heart. He also states that all matter is composed of the four elements- earth, fire, air and water.
  • Jan 1, 1553

    Micheal Servetus

    Micheal Servetus
    Spanish physician Micheal Servetes states that blood flows from one side of the heart to the other via the lungs instead of through the wall between the ventricles. This observation disagrees with Galen so Micheal is burned to death for denying the trinity.
  • William Harvey

    William Harvey
    William Harvey, a british physician, explains that blood circulates throughout the body and is pumped by the heart. Harvey found this out with years and years of disecting on animals.
  • Observing Red Blood cells

    Observing Red Blood cells
    Jan Swammerdam is believed to be the first person to ever observe and describe red blood cells. He was Dutch and only 21 years old when he did this.
  • Blood Transfusion

    Blood Transfusion
    Richard Lower is the first person to do a blood transfusion on animals. He used hand made tools and connected one dog to the other and transfered their blood.
  • Human Blood Transfusion

    Human Blood Transfusion
    A physician named Jean-Baptiste Denis takes a teenage boy and transfers lamb blood into him and he recovers nicely. On the same year Richard Lower transfers sheep blood into one of his sick patients and the patient also recovers nicely.
  • Red Blood Cells

    Red Blood Cells
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek, a microscopist, provides a more precise description of red blood cells. He states that red blood cells are 25,000 times smaller than a grain of sand.
  • Human to Human Transfusion

    Human to Human Transfusion
    Philip Synge is credited in a footnote for doing the first ever human to human blood transfusion but isnt publicly published.
  • First Record

    First Record
    In december, James Blundwell performs the first ever recorded human-to-human blood transfusion. Only problem is his patient dies after the procedure.
  • Platelets

    Sir William Osler calls the small fragments of blood marrow that make the blood clots platelets.
  • Blood Type Discovery

    Blood Type Discovery
    Karl Landsteiner publishes a paper that states the three major human blood groups which include, blood type A, B, and C.
  • Blood Type AB

    Blood Type AB
    Dr. Landsteiner's colleagues Alfred von Decastello and Adriano Sturli identify a fourth blood group, AB that causes agglutination in the red cells of both groups "A" and "B."
  • Cross Matching

    Cross Matching
    Dr. Ludvig Hektoen states that it might be wrong to not check the blood donors blood to see if it will not work. The same year Dr. Reuben Ottenberg performs the first transfusion using cross matching and is successfull.
  • Sodium Cirate

    Sodium Cirate
    Both researchers Albert Hustin of Brussels and Luis Agote of Buenos Aires discover that adding sodium citrate to blood will prevent it from clotting.
  • Storing Donor's Blood

    Storing Donor's Blood
    Dr. Richard Weil determines that citrated blood can be refrigerated and stored for a few days and then successfully transfused.
  • More Blood Storing

    More Blood Storing
    At the Rockefeller Institute in New York, Francis Peyton Rous and J.R. Turner develop a citrate-glucose solution that allows blood to be stored for a few weeks after collection and still remain viable for transfusion.
  • First Blood Depot

    First Blood Depot
    Dr. Oswald Robertson in his days of the army, knowing about all the discoveries that were being made, creates the very first Blood Depot.
  • Blood Donor Log

    Blood Donor Log
    Percy Lane Oliver creates the first log of volunteers of poeple who could be ready to donate blood whenever there is need of it. They are tested for diseases and bloof type.
  • Cadaver Blood

    Cadaver Blood
    Dr. Surge Yudin successfully resuscitates a young man who's slashed both his wrists attempting suicide. He injests blood from a cadaver into the mans body and makes him better.
  • Blood Transfusion Service

    Blood Transfusion Service
    Physician Federico Duran-Jorda establishes the Barcelona Blood-Transfusion Service. The service collects blood, tests it, pools it by blood group, preserves and stores it in bottles under refrigeration
  • Blood Bank

    Blood Bank
    Dr. Bernard Fantus chooses the term "blood bank" for the blood donation, collection, and preservation facility he starts as Director of Therapeutics.
  • Civilian Blood Donor Service

    Civilian Blood Donor Service
    The American Red Cross agrees to open up a civilian blood donor service to collect blood plasma for the world war. The first center opens in New York and the collects over 13 million units of blood over the course of the war.
  • Jaundice

    Dr. Paul Beeson links the occurrence of jaundice in seven cases to blood or plasma transfusions the patients receive a few months prior, providing the quintessential description of tranfusion-transmitted hepatitis.
  • American association of Blood Banks

    American association of Blood Banks
    Directors of community blood banks join together to form a national network of blood banks called the American Association of Blood Banks. Their first meeting is held in Dallas in November.
  • Plastic Bags for Storing

    Plastic Bags for Storing
    Dr. Carl W. Walter develops a plastic bag for the collection of blood instead of using glass bottles to store blood. He uses a stronger and more portable container using plastic, which totally changes blood collection.
  • Hemoglobin

    Dr. Max Perutz working at Cambridge University, England, is able to unravel the structure of hemoglobin, the protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen with the use of X-ray crystallography.
  • Cryoprecipitates

    Cryoprecipitates are found to have much greater clotting power than plasma and given to hemophiliacs to stop bleeding episodes. It prevents the need for hemophiliacs to travel to the hospital to be treated.
  • Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis B
    Dr. Baruch Blumberg of the National Institutes of Health identifies a substance called hepatitis B that triggers the production of antibodies. His work leads to the development of a test to detect the presence of hepatitis B antibodies
  • AIDS

    The first case of the diesease AIDS is recorded. It is known that it is found mostly in gay men.
  • LAV

    Researchers at Dr. Luc Montagnier's lab at the Institut Pasteur, in France, isolate the virus that causes AIDS. They locate it in the swollen lymph node in the neck of a Parisian AIDS patient and label it LAV.
  • HTLV

    Dr. Robert Gallo of the NIH states that he's identified the virus that causes AIDS, which he calls HTLV.
  • Blood-Screening Test

    After a bunch of Americans are infected with AIDS from blood transfusions, the first blood-screening test is performed and is licensed by the U.S. government on March 2.