Medical Investigations

  • 200

    Barber-surgeons cut hair, perform surgery; barber pole symbol popularized

  • Period: 200 to

    History of Medicine

  • Period: 500 to Dec 31, 1500

    Middle Ages

  • Jan 1, 900

    Rhazes discovered difference between smallpox and measles

  • Jan 1, 950

    Medical care becomes regulated

  • Period: Jan 1, 1300 to


  • Jan 2, 1300

    Islamic hospitals; Healthcare for the sick

  • Sep 12, 1350

    Christian monasteries founded to treat the ill

  • Sep 12, 1400

    French woman Jacoba Felicie tries to practice medicine but is denied.

  • Sep 12, 1400

    Human anatomical studies allowed

  • Use of scientific method begins

  • Printing press allows for publication of discoveries

  • Robert Hooke- reflective microscope

  • Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek describes bacteria

  • Francis Bacon uses microscope to discover plague fleas

  • Discovery of blood cells, bacteria, protozoa, and stethoscope

  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

  • Edward Jenner discovered first vaccination

  • Period: to

    Louis Pasteur (microbiology)--- pasteurization of milk

  • Period: to

    Joseph Lister--- practice of medical asepsis

  • Period: to

    Robert Koch---Discovery of pathogens

  • Ignaz Semmelweis shows importance of washing hands

  • John Snow stops outbreak of cholora

  • Period: to

    Marie Curie discovers science of radioactivity

  • Period: to

    Bubonic Plague (Black Plague) hits San Francisco

  • Discovvery of organ transplants, X-rays, radium for cancer treatment, MRI, CAT scans

  • Period: to

    Modern World

  • Period: to

    Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin

  • Period: to

    First HMO insurance

  • Salk discovers plio vaccine

  • WHO declares small pox eradicated

  • Period: to

    Mananged Healthcare; growth in uninsured

  • Period: to

    AZT is used to combat AIDS

  • Steve Thomas used sterile maggots for infectious wound treatment

  • The completion of the Human Genome Project identified a complete set of DNA, which allows for new and completely individualized medications and treatments

  • Gardasil, a vaccine to prevent cervical cancer approved by the FDA

  • MIPPA (Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act) MIPPA provides incentives for practitioners who use electronic health reacords and e-prescribing

  • Scientists discover how to use human skin cells to create embryonic stem cells

  • The first FDA approved implanted AbioCor artificial heart placed in a patient on June 24. Patient died on August 23.