Medical History Timeline By Meglorbs 400 The Father Medicine Greeks began the study of disease, Hippocrates is The Father of Medicine. Period: 400 to Mar 2, 2022 Dark ages Emphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medecine was prohibited. Period: Jan 1, 1400 to Jan 1, 1650 The Renaissance Physicians and scholars began to scientifically study medicine. -Medical schools were built. Jan 1, 1436 Invention of Printing Press Invented during The Renaissance by Johannes Gutenberg Jan 1, 1610 Invention of the first microscope Invented by Anton Von Leewenhoek Jan 1, 1628 Described the circulation of blood to and from the heart Described by William Harvey Jan 1, 1714 Created the first mercury thermometer Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer in 1714 Period: Apr 19, 1775 to Sep 3, 1783 Revolutionary War Oct 8, 1784 Invented bifocals Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals and found that colds could be passed from person to person. Jan 1, 1796 Developed a vaccine for smallpox Developed by Edward Jenner Jan 1, 1816 Invention or Stethoscope Invented by Rene Laennec Jan 1, 1847 Identified cause of maternal infections Ignas Semmelweiss identified the cause of maternal infections and instituted hand washing. Jan 1, 1849 Elizabeth Blackwell First woman to qualify as a doctor Period: Apr 12, 1861 to May 10, 1865 Civil War Jan 1, 1864 Began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery Joseph Lister began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery. Jan 1, 1865 Established the patterns of heredity Established by Gregory Mendel Jan 1, 1881 Founded the American Red Cross Founded by Clara Barton Jan 1, 1895 Discovered x-rays Willhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays Jan 1, 1910 Isolated radium Marie Curie Isolated radium Period: Jul 28, 1914 to Nov 11, 1918 World war 1 Jan 1, 1928 Discovered penicillin discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming Period: Sep 1, 1939 to Sep 2, 1945 World War 2 Jan 1, 1952 Developed Polio vaccine Jonas Salk developed polio vaccine Jan 1, 1962 created oral polio vaccine Albert Sabin created the oral polio vaccine, which was more effective than Salk's vaccine. Jan 1, 1967 Christian Barnard performed the worlds first hear transplant surgery. Jan 1, 1990 Use of gene therapy Gene therapy is the process of genes into an individual's cells and tissues to treat a disease, and hereditary disease in particular. Oct 8, 2013 Began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria Louis Pasteur began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria Oct 8, 2013 Found a vaccine for rabies In 1885 Louis Pasteur found a rabies vaccine and proved that microorganisms caused disease.