Medical History Timeline

  • 400

    Dark and Middle Ages

    The study of medical science stopped for over 1000 years. Herbal medicine was used.
  • Period: 400 to

    HIstory of Medicine

  • 410

    Sewer systems were 1st used

    In 410 AD The Romans built sewers to carry waste materials away from cities, created aqueducts to carry clean water to teh cities, and they used filtering systems in public baths to prevent diseases.
  • Jan 1, 1400

    The Renaissance

    The Renaissance
    The rebirth of science occured during the Renaissance
  • Oct 6, 1450

    The invention of the Printing Press

    The invention of the Printing Press
    The invention of the printing press allowed knowledge to spread to others. Johannes Gutenburg invented the printing press.
  • Human bodies were dissected

    Human bodies were dissected
    Leonardo Da Vinci dissected human bodies and made the first anatomical drawings.
  • Circulation of Blood was described

    In between the 16th and 17th Centuries William Harvey described the circulation of blood and the pumping of the heart.
  • Microscope was invented

    Microscope was invented
    In the 17th Century Anton Von Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope.
  • First Elevator

    First Elevator
    The modern passenger elevator was installed for King Louis 15th in the Palace of Versailles.
  • Ambulance Services Started

    Ambulance Services Started
    Baron Larrey started the first ambulance service using a cart with springs for comfort, and a cover to protect the patients from the weather. The ambulance services started by taking soldiers off the battlefield.
  • Vaccination for Smallpox

    During the 18th Century, Edward Jenner created a vaccination for smallpox
  • Stethoscope was invented

    Stethoscope was invented
    In the 18th Century Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope.
  • First Camera that could produce photos

    In 1826, Charles and Vincent Chevalier built the fist camera taht could produce photos.
  • First Woman doctor

    In 1849 Elizabeth Blackwell became known as the first woman to qualify as a doctor in the United States and also inspired Florence Nightingale to pursue nursing.
  • First school of nursing occured

    In 1854 Florence Nightingale established efficient and sanitary nursing units and was the founder of modern nursing.
  • Dorthea Dix

    Dorthea Dix
    Dorthea Dix was appointed head nurse of the Army battlefield in 1861.
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    The American Civil War took place starting in 1861-1865
  • Anticeptics were used to prevent infection and disease

    Joseph Lister was the first doctor to use an antiseptic during surgery to prevent infection inside the incision.
  • American Red Cross was founded

    In 1881 the American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton.
  • Rabies Vaccine created & Pasteurization was discovered

    Louis Pasteur created a vaccine for Rabies and also developed the pasteurization process to kill bacteria in milk.
  • X-Rays were discovered

    In 1895 Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays. This discovery helped and is still helping patients to discover what is wrong with their bodies.
  • First flight of an airplane

    First flight of an airplane
    In 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright flew the first powered and controlled airplane.
  • Tuberculosis bacteria was isolated

    Robert Koch became famous for isolating the bacteria that causes tuberculosis and cholera.
  • Radium was isolated

    In 1910 Marie Curie isolated radium.
  • Band-Aids are invented

    Band-Aids are invented
    Earle Dickson invented band-aids by using gauze, tape and scissors to cover a cut or wound.
  • Penicillin was discovered

    Penicillin was discovered
    Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928.
  • The study of psychology was discovered

    Sigmund Freud studied the effects of the unconscious mind on the body. Freud's studies were the basis of psychology and psychiatry.
  • Sunscreen was invented

    Sunscreen was invented
    Franz Greiter, an Austrian scientist came out with Glacier Cream which was introduced as sun protection cream.
  • A polio virus vaccine was discovered

    In 1952 Jonas Salk discovered an altered polio virus vaccine.
  • DNA structure described

    DNA structure described
    In 1953, Francis Crick and James Watson described the structure of DNA and how it carries genetic information.
  • Ultrasound Invented

    Ultrasound Invented
    In 1957 the ultrasound was invented by an English physician named Ian Donald.
  • Birth Control

    Birth Control
    In 1960, birth control pills were approved by the FDA.
  • Worlds 1st heart transplant surgery performed

    In 1967 Christian Bernard performed the world's first successful heart transplant surgery.
  • Cell phone invented

    Cell phone invented
    Martin Cooper is considered the inventor of the first portable handset and the first person to make a call on a cell phone.
  • Test Tube Baby Born

    Test Tube Baby Born
    The first ever test tube baby, Louise Brown, was born in England in 1978
  • Gene therapy was discovered

    In 1990, the first gene therapy was used to treat disease.
  • Cloning

    Dolly the sheep was cloned in 1997.
  • Period: to

    History of Medicine

  • Rhazes (Arab physician) became known as the Arab Hippocrates

    Rhazes based diagnoses on observations of the signs and symptoms of disease,suggested blood was teh cause of many infectious diseases, and he began teh use of animal gut for suture material.