Medical History

  • 400

    Hippocrates 400B.C.E

    Hippocrates is the Father of Medicine and wrote a code of ethics for physicians called the Hippocratic Oath. It was a hugely influential doctor at this time with many followers. A number of medical books were written around his work.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    1200's Hygiene

    During this time period first strict measures for control of public hygiene instituted
  • Jan 1, 1300

    1300's Dissection

    1300's Dissection
    During the 1300's was the first dissection of human corpse
  • Jan 1, 1400

    1400's Mid-Wives

    First recorded regulations for mid-wives
  • Jan 1, 1400

    Dark and Middle Ages 400-1400 AD or CE

    1. The study of medical science stopped for over 1,000 years.
    2. Medicine practiced only in monasteries and convents.
    3. Used herbal medicine
    4. There were many plagues and epidemics - bubonic plauge, small pox, diphtheria, syphilis, tuberculosis
  • Jan 1, 1440

    Printing Press

    Holy Roman Empire German Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press.
  • Jan 1, 1510

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    in 1510Leonardo da Vinci used dissection to draw th human body and published a book in 1543 about the drawings of human anatomy.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1578 to

    Human Anatomy

    William Harvey described the circulation of blood to and from the heart in 1628.
  • 1600's Bacteria

    Blood circulation first described and Bacteria was discovered
  • 1600's Microscope

    1600's Microscope
    Anton Von Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope.
  • Submarine

    The earliest human-powered submarine was invented by Cornelis Drebbel.
  • Circulation of blood

    Circulation of blood
    In 1628 William Harvey published An Anatomical Study of the Motion of the Heart and of the Blood in Animals which described the circulation of blood to and from the heart.
  • 1700's Medicine

    First law requiring licensed medical practitioners. Obstetrics established as a separate brach of medicine.
  • Benjamin Franklin 1700's

    Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals and found that colds could be passed from person to person.
  • The Piano

    The Piano
    Bartolomeo Cristofori invented the piano. (could lead to arthritis)
  • Mercury Thermometer

    Mercury Thermometer
    Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer.
  • Fire Extinguisher

    Fire Extinguisher
    French C. Hopffer patents the fire extinguisher
  • Spinning Jenny

    James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny.
  • Steam Engine

    James Watt invented an improved steam engine.
  • America

    The founding of America
  • 1796 Smallpox

    1796 Smallpox
    Edward Jenner developed a vaccination for smallpox in 1796
  • 19th Century (1800's) Florence Nightengale

    19th Century (1800's) Florence Nightengale
    Florence Nightengale was the founder of modern nursing. She started the first school of nursing during the Crimean War and made nursing an honorable profession.
  • Late 19th Century Gun Powder

    Gun powder was made
  • Rene Laennec

    Rene Laennec
    Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope.
  • Anesthetic

    Dr. William Morton, American dentist, bagan using ether as an anesthetic in 1846 he introduced the first practical anesthetic
  • Elizabeth Blackwell

    Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to qualify as a doctor in the U.S. Inspired Florence Nightingale to pursue nursing.
  • Dorthea Dix

    Dorthea Dix was a nurse of the battlefield. She made schools for girls and mental institutions
  • Period: to

    Civil War

    The Civil War took place in the United States of America. It was a four year war on slavery.
  • Pasteurizing Milk

    Pasteurizing Milk
    Louis Pasteur began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria
  • Tools Invented

    Diagnostic tools, such as microscope, thermometer and x-rays, invented Germ theory introduced in 1879
  • American Red Cross

    American Red Cross
    Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881. She was known as the "Angel of the Battlefield"
  • Robert Koch

    Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
  • Period: to

    Joseph Lister

    Joseph Lister began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery.
  • Rabies

    Louis Pasteur contributed many discoveries to the practice of medicine including rabies vaccine in 1885
  • X-Ray

    William Roentgen discovered the x-ray in 1895
  • 1900's Blood Types

    Major blood types (O, A, B, and AB) identified
  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries Ignas Semmelweiss

    Ignas Semmelweiss identified the cause of maternal infections and instituted hand washing. Medical students would deliver babies after coming from the cadaver lab without washing their hands, causing the death of many newborn babies and mothers.
  • Radium

    Marie Curie isolated (in it's metallic state) radium in 1910. Radiation killed her
  • Penicillin

    The first antibiotic drug, penicillin was discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming
  • George Mendel, 20th century

    George Mendel, 20th century
    George Mendel established the patterns of heredity. He demonstrated that the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants follows particular patterns. His discovery was recgonized until the 20th century
  • Jonas Salk

    Jonas Salk
    Jonas Salk developed the polio vaccine using dead polio virus in 1952
  • Heart Transplant

    Heart Transplant
    First successful heart transplant was performed by Christiaan Barnard on a man called Louis Washkansky
  • Test-Tube Baby

    Test-Tube Baby
    Louise Brown, the world's first "test-tube" baby, was born in England on July 25th. British gynaecologist Patrick Steptoe took an egg from her mother. His colleague Robert Edwards added sperm from her father. The doctors placed the fertilized egg in her mother's womb, where it grew into a healthy baby.
  • AIDS

    AIDS first recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1981) (The first AIDS-like cases were identified more than a century earlier, in 1872)
  • Cloning

    Scientists clone sheep
  • 911

    There was a terrorisim attack on the twin towers in New York City.