Medical History

  • Period: 400 to

    Dark Ages

    Study of medicine was prohibited. Focused on saving the soul(prayer and devine intervention). Monks and Priests took care of the ill.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1350 to


    Rebirth of the science of medicine. Michelangelo and Da Vinci used dissections to draw the human body.
  • Period: to

    16th and 17th Century

    Causes of disease were still not known and many people died from infections and disease
  • William Harvey

    Described the circulation of blood to and from the heart.
  • Anton van Leeuenhoek

    Invented the microscope.
  • Period: to

    Benjamin Franklin

    invented bifocal glasses.
  • Gabriel Fahrenheit

    created the first mercury thermometer
  • John Hunter

    Established scientifcal procedures and introduced the feeding tube.
  • Edward Jenner

    Developed vaccination for smallpox.
  • Royal college of surgeons

    Founded in London.
  • James Blundell

    First succesful blood transfusion on a human.
  • Period: to

    Louis Pastuer

    Proved microrganisms cause disease, pasteurizing milk kills bacteria, and creatind a vaccine for rabies in 1885.
  • Period: to

    Gregor Mendel

    established principles of heredity and donimant/recessive patterns.
  • Period: to

    Robert Koch

    Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens and isolate the bacteria causing tuberculosis. "Father of Microbiology"
  • Dr.James Simpson

    First doctor to use chloroform as an anesthetic.
  • Elizabeth Blackwell

    First female physician in the united states.
  • Florence Nightingale

    Founder of modern nursing. Established efficent and sanitary nursing units during the Crimean war.
  • Period: to

    Sigmund Freud

    formed basis of psychology and psychiatry through his studies.
  • Period: to

    Dorothea Dix

    became superintendant of Female nurses in the army. Founded the International Red Cross.
  • Joseph Lister

    started using antispetics and disinfectants during surgery to prevent infection.
  • clara barton

    Founded the American Red cross.
  • Carl Landsteiner

    Classified ABO blood groups.
  • Marie Curie

    Isolated radium.
  • Sir Alexander Flemming

    discovered Penicillin
  • Jonas Salk

    Developed the polio vaccine.
  • Birth Control

    FDA approves birth control pills.
  • Dolly

    A sheep is cloned
  • Period: to Jan 1, 1400

    Middle Ages

    Renewed interest in medical practices from the Greeks and Romans. Bubonic plague broke out.