Roman empire

Medeivel timeline

  • Feb 3, 650

    650 AD

    650 AD: Arab forces conquer most of the Byzantine territories, formerly occupied by the Persians.
  • Feb 3, 677

    677 AD

    677 AD: The Arabs attempt to conquer Constantinople but fail.
  • Feb 3, 1066

    1066 AD

    1066 AD: William the Conqueror invades England and asserts his right to the English throne at the Battle of Hastings. The Norman Conquest fuses French and English cultures because William is both the King of England and the Duke of Normandy. William brought feudalism and culture from France to England William achieves political stability in England with the introduction of the feudal system. The system progresses over the next two centuries into a national monarchy.
  • Feb 3, 1096


    1096 AD: First Crusade began. The Crusaders were armies of Christians from all over Europe who marched to the Holy Land to regain lands captured by the Turks.
  • Feb 3, 1147

    1147 AD

    1147 AD: Second Crusade was launched. This Crusade is generally considered to have been a failure.
  • Feb 3, 1189

    1189 AD

    1189 AD: Third Crusade was one of the more successful. In it King Richard the Lion-Hearted obtained certain privileges for Christians from the Turkish ruler, Saladin.
  • Feb 3, 1202

    1202 AD

    1202 AD: Fourth Crusade launched. In this Crusade the original purpose of the Crusades was abandoned, and the Crusaders burned and sacked many cities and villages on their route. They never reached the Holy Land.
  • Feb 3, 1215

    1215 AD

    1215 AD: King John of England was forced to sign the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta gave some basic rights to the people and also said that the king was not above the law.
  • Feb 3, 1291

    1291 AD

    1291 AD: Fall of Acre marked the end of the Crusades. Acre, the last Christian city in the Near East, was lost to the Turks.
  • Feb 3, 1348

    1348 AD

    1348 AD: The black plague swept England and Europe. It was estimated that one out of every five people in England died. Spread by fleas which infested a huge rat population, the disease is characterized by the victim turning dark purple in the last hours of life due to respiratory failure, hence the name, black plague.
  • Feb 3, 1429

    1429 AD

    1429 AD: Joan of Arc, a peasant girl in France, seeks out the French leader and relates her divinely-inspired mission to drive the English out of France. She takes control of the French troops and liberates most of central France.
  • Feb 3, 1430

    1430 AD

    1430 AD: Joan of Arc is captured and taken to England. The English accuse her of being a witch and condemn her for heresy. Joan is publicly burned in the city of Rouen.
  • Feb 3, 1434

    1434 AD

    1434 AD: The Medici banking family dominates the government of Florence.
  • Feb 3, 1453

    1453 AD

    1453 AD: Ottoman Turks take Constantinople and end Byzantine civilization.
  • Feb 3, 1454

    1454 AD

    1454 AD: Italy is divided into five major regions: Venice, Milan, Florence, the Papal States and the southern kingdom of Naples.
  • Feb 3, 1455

    1455 AD

    1455 AD: Henry VI of England (1422-1461) wages the Wars of the Roses. The two sides of the war are the red rose (Henry's family at Lancaster) and the white rose (the house of York). Yorkist Richard III gains the kingship for a short time.
  • Feb 3, 1469

    1469 AD

    1469 AD: Ferdinand of Aragon marries Isabella of Castile, and the two Spanish kingdoms end their conflicts but remain separate powers.
  • Feb 3, 1485

    1485 AD

    1485 AD: The end of the Wars of the Roses in England, the Tudor dynasty replaces Richard III. Henry VII, the first Tudor king, rules for twenty-four years and revives the English throne. He reestablishes royal power over the aristocracy, ends funding of foreign wars and reforms finances. Parliament also becomes a stable part of the governmental system.
  • Feb 3, 1492

    1492 AD

    1492 AD: Ferdinand and Isabella annex Granada, expel all Jews from Spain and seek overseas expansion (for example, as patrons of Christopher Columbus). The flow of American gold and silver through Spain, the conquest of Mexico and Peru and superiority on the battlefield make Spain the most powerful state in Europe.
  • Feb 3, 1509

    1509 AD

    1509 AD: Henry VIII succeeds his father, Henry VII, for the English crown.
  • Feb 3, 1558

    1558 AD

    1558 AD: Elizabeth I succeeds the throne of England.
  • 1603 AD

    1603 AD: Elizabeth I dies.
  • 476 AD

    476 AD
    476 AD: The Fall of Roman Empire
  • 520AD

    520 AD: St. Benedict established the first monastery at Monte Cassino, Italy. He drew up a set of rules for the monks, which included vows of obedience, poverty and manual labour.
  • 800 AD

    800 AD: Charlemagne was crowned ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. This act symbolized a union of church and state.
  • 814 AD

    814 AD: Charlemagne dies without leaving competent successors to continue the glory of the Carolingian dynasty. The Carolingian Empire falls apart.