1812 jackson

Major Events In The War of 1812

  • Period: to

    The War of 1812

  • The U.S. Declares War on Great Britain

    The U.S. Declares War on Great Britain
  • American Army Crossed Into Canada

    An American army, led by General Hull, crossed over the Detroit River into Upper Canada. General Hull was trying to get the people of Upper Canada to join the Americans, but most of them refused.
  • The Captrue Of Fort Michilimackinac

    A very small number of British Soldiers, Militia, Fur Traders and Native Allies captured Fort Michilimackinac on Mackinac Island (Present Day Mackinac, Michigan). After the capture of the fort General Hull returned to Detroit.
  • Surrendur Of Fort Detroit

    General Brock, of Great Britain and Native Cheif Tecumseh took down Fort Detroit together. General Brock had tricked General Hull into believing that Brock had over 5000 Native fighters and many British Soldiers, when he really had many less. As Hull was very scared of Natives, Brock told him that if the fighting started he would not be able to control his Native fighters, with this Hull surrendured Detroit to the British. The British gained over 1000 muskets and 500 rifles from Detroit.
  • The Battle of Queenston Heights

    The Battle of Queenston Heights
    The Americans came across the Niagra River from Lewiston into Queenston. The American troops that reached the Canadian side scaled up the hill to attack. General Brock was killed at the battle as he was leading his troops uphill into battle. British General Sheaffe ended the battle with an attack on the American position.
  • Maj. Dearborn's Attack On Lower Canada

    Major-General Dearborn and 6000 American soldiers were truned back from their atack on Lower Canada by Salaberry's Militia and 300 Native allies.
  • Capture of York

    Capture of York
    The American forces Captured York (Presently Toronto), witch was at that time the capital of Upper Canada. The Parliment buildings were also burned by the Americans.
  • Naval Battle

    Naval Battle
    The British boarded many American ships, including th Cheapsake. The British would take back sailors who left them to fight for the US. They would also hold Americans captive.
  • Battle at Beaver Dams

    The British forces in Stoney Creek stopped the Americans from advancing into the Niagra Peninsula.
  • End Of British Naval Domination

    End Of British Naval Domination
    The American Navy took out many British vessels, ending Great Britains domination of the Great Lakes.
  • Battle of Thames River

    Battle of Thames River
    After losing Detroit and other major battles, the Americans wanted a victory. The Americans attacked where present-day Chatam is, on the Thames river. The Americans 3760 men strong while the British had on 1300. The Americans won, killing Native Cheif Tecumseh and killing or capturing over 700 British and Native fighters.
  • Battle of Chateauguay

    Battle of Chateauguay
    The British and Canadian forces were outnumbered almost 4000 to 1500 while trying to deffend Lower Canada from the American attack. Even though outnumbered the Americans were pushed back, mostly by the Salaberrys Militia. After losing the battle the Americans decided to stop their campaign along the St. Lawerence.
  • Battle of Crysler's Farm

    Even though the the Canadian and British forces were outnumbered 8000-900, they still managed to gain a victory over the Americans. Many American boats capsized and sailers were sick at sea. By mid afternoon the Americans were disorganized and almost out of ammo, forcing them to retreat back acrodd the river.
  • Americans Burn Newark

    After losing previous battles, including Crysler's Farm, the Americans decided it was neccesary to burn the Town of Newark (present-day Niagra-On-The-Lake) to defend their position at Fort Niagra. After the attack on Newark, the British captured Fort Niagra.
  • Capture of Fort Oswego

    Capture of Fort Oswego
    With about 1000 men and 8 boats, the British left from KIngston on May 3 and arrived at Fort Oswego on May 5. The British were forced to wait to attack untill the next day because of the storm. Midway through the British attack, the Americans retreated back to their fort and finnally abbandoned it. The British gained lot's of useful supplies from the fort.
  • Battle of Lundy's Lane

    Battle of Lundy's Lane
    The Battle of Lundy's Lane is considered to be the most deadly battle ever fought on Canadian soil. The battle went on during the day, but when dark fell no one knew what was going on. Many were killed by friendly fire, because it was so dark, most killed whatever they saw.
  • Wahington Occupied B=by British

    Wahington Occupied B=by British
    The British occupied and had control of Washington, D.C. for one day in August. The British burnt the President's mansion. It was repainted white and to this day known as "The White House".
  • Battle of Plattsburgh

    Battle of Plattsburgh
    The Battle of Plattsburgh or Lake Champlain was the final major battle before the Treaty of Ghent was signed. 10 000 British troops attacked Plattsburgh but later retreated as it couldn't be supplied without complete control of Lake Champlain.
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    The Treaty of Ghent was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812. All prisoners were released and thousands of acres of land was given back to both sides.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    The Battle of New Orleans was the final battle of the War of 1812. It happened after the Treaty of Ghent was signed because both armies were unaware of the signing. At this battle, the Andrew Jackson-led American troops held off the British attack. After this battle all of the soldiers, on either side, returned home and the war was offficially over.