(Tried to combat impressment, but was not effective)
American naval ship "Chesapeake" met British ship "Leopard", but the Americans refused to let the British search the ship. The British inturn opened fire on the Americans, the Americans surrendered, and public outrage insued. However, Jefferson maintained the peace by expelling all British warships from American waters and sent Madison to GB in complaint. The British recalled the officer responsible but refused to renounce impressment.