War of 1812

  • Chesapeake Attack

    Chesapeake Attack
    The Chesapeake sailed out of the habor at Norfolk, Virginia, and Commondore James Barron spotted two British Warships. The British wanted to search the Chesapeake for British deserters. When Barron refused the Britished attacked. Barron surrenedered because they weren't ready for a battle.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    Jefferson was reluctant to gho to wat so he crated the Embargo Act. This forbade all American ships to leave for foreign parts. Jefferson hoped this would make France and Britaine come to terms, but the plan backfired. America lost their major source of income and Frane and Britain weren't affected as much.
  • Embargo Act (continued)

    Embargo Act (continued)
    The ban left America in a depression and Americans began to oppose the act. Rebl and talks of succession came about. During this Jefferson ended his term.
  • Election of 1809

    Election of 1809
    Jefferson supported former Secretary of State, James Madison, in the Election of 1808. Madison and his running mate were able to defeat the Federalists and win.
  • Nonintercourse Act

    Nonintercourse Act
    Three days before Jefferon left Office he signed a congressional bill. It was called the Nonintercourse Act. This repealed the embarg and alllowed Americans to resume trade with France and Britain.
  • Madison as President

    Madison as President
    Madison signed a measure that removed all restrictions on trade and made an offer to France and Britain. If either country agreed to respect the neutral rights of the U.S. they will cut off trade wirth the other. Napoleon announced he would end restrictions, but Britain felt France would break their promise and refued.
  • Madison as President (continued)

    Madison as President (continued)
    Madison stopped trade with Britain as a result, but Napoleon went back on his promise. This lef America at odds with Britain, and a broken promise from France.
  • Madison declared War

    Madison declared War
    Madison decided that war was necessary. Soon after Congress met Northwesr added to the clamor of war. Settlers poured into Indiana, Michigan and Illinois. They forced Indians to cede the land.Tecumsen Shawnee cheir was angered and resisted the settlers by creating a confederacy of all tribes east of the Mississppi. They set up camp called Prophet Staun in Indianna. Governor Harrison of Indianna Territory took action and clashed with Tecuhmensen's warrioes. It was a bloody fight no victory.
  • Britain forming allies cries for war

    Britain forming allies cries for war
    Britain was allies with Spain, who owned Florida, the Indians and the Canadians so they could of planned a secret attack at any time. This cried for war
  • America's patiences run out

    America's patiences run out
    Madison ask congress to declare war.The house quickly approved. The New England States, NY, NJ and Delaware voted for peace. Southern and Western states voted for war. Britian faced a depression and decided to repeal restrictions on neutral trade.It was too late to stop the war but the US was also not prepared.
  • America Attacks Canada

    America Attacks Canada
    America launched an attack against Cananda . General Hull marched from Detroit to Canada. He decided Britain was too strong and returned home. The Briish followed and Hull surrendered. This left Britain in control of Lake Erie and Michigan Country, Genral Van Rensseiaer crossed the Niagra River to seize a Canadian villiage. NY militia refused to follow across the river and the invasion failed. The Americans made a comeback and seized and caputured British ships.
  • Britain Blockades American coast

    Britain Blockades American coast
    Britain stopped overseas trae among the states from Long Island to Georgia.
  • American Victory on Lake Erie

    American Victory on Lake Erie
    United States finally had success in Canada. Perry had serveral ships built in Lake Erie and they won the battle. They gained control of Lake Erieand forced the British to leave Detriot. Henry led the British militia into Canada. ahead were the British and their Indiana allies led by Tecumsen. The American Troops caught them on the Toms River.
  • Americans kill Indian leader

    Americans kill Indian leader
    They kill Tecumseh and without him the confedracy could not continue. About six months latter they gained more control in the southwest.
  • Invasion of Canada

    Invasion of Canada
    The British finally defeated Napoleon and were going to send troops to fight in America. To prevent this Americans tried to invade Canada one more time. Under General Jacob Brown, an army captured Ft. Erie and smashed British troops at the battle of Chippawa.
  • British Forces

    British Forces
    Veteran troops arrived from Britain to help. One force swept down from Canada and paused in NY for vital naval support. Captain Thomas Macdonough destroyed the support on Lake Champion. This victory gave the U.S. control of the lakes and forced the British to retreat to Canada.
  • British Forces (continued)

    British Forces (continued)
    A second force arrived and marched toward the nation's capital. The British torche the White House and other buildings in retaliation. They then marched to Baltimore where they were stopped at Ft. Maltenry by Americans.
  • Federalists and the War

    Federalists and the War
    At this point in the war the American cause seemed hopeless because the treasury was empty. Federalists, mainly New England who opposed the war from the beginning were very angry. The Govenors wouldn't let militias serve outside the state.
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    American and British commmissioners had begun peace talk at Ghent in Belgium. The British longed for peace woth Americans. Commisssioners agreed to the Treaty of Ghent. In the treaty the issuses that led to war were ignored. The treaty set up boundaries between the U.S. and Canada. On Dec. 24 the treaty was signed.
  • Federalist Meeting

    Federalist Meeting
    Federalists from the Northeast met in Hartford, Connecticut. They proposed amendments to give New England a stronger voice in government. Also, if the government threatened the liberty of the people or the states rights, they had the duty to resist. In January the convention closed and they planned to present their ideas, but a problem in New Orleans came up.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    A third British force came from the Gulf of Mexico for an assualt on New Orleans. General Andrew Jackson heard about the British invading Pensacola, so he ivaded Spanish Florida, and seized the city. To defend New Orleans Jackson called for volunteers and local militias for support. He then built trenches and waited for the attack.
  • Battle of New Orleans (continued)

    Battle of New Orleans (continued)
    The British forces landed near the city and on January 8, 1815 they attacked Jackson's forces. The Americans had the advantage with the trenches and were able to fight until the British surrendered. It was an American victory, but soldiers were surprised to find out that two weeks earlier, the Treaty of Ghent was signed.