The War of 1812

By slacey
  • Period: to

    The War of 1812

    Sheyenne Lacey
    Period: 2
  • President Madison takes office

    The Americans were furious with Britain when Madison took office. They were also mad at Britain for arming Native Americans into the Northwest. They also continued resented impressment of American sailors by the British.
  • War Hawks Take Power

    War Hawks Take Power
    When the War Hawks (those who were eager for war with Britain) took power the war was the strongest in New England. The two nationalists, Henry Clay of Kentucky & John C. Calhoun of South Carolina became the leaders of the House of Representatives. They were also supporters of the War Hawks.
  • Relations with Great Britain Worsen

    Relations with Great Britain Worsen
    Relations with Great Britain worsened steadily in the early months of 1812. In the spring, the British told the United States that they were impressing sailors but, then the Native Americans began new attacks on the settlements.
  • Congress Declares War on Britain

    Congress Declares War on Britain
    The war was not at a good time for the British, they were still at war in Europe. They were neutral, but the bill was passed. Britain was not wanting to meet American demands to avoid war. The Native Americans supported Canada against an American invasion.
  • America is not Ready for War

    America is not Ready for War
    When America was not ready for war, Jefferson spent cuts that had weakened the American military. The navy only had 16 warships that were ready for action. They also only had less than 7,000 men.
  • Britain Blockades American Ports

    Britain Blockades American Ports
    During the first days of the war, the British set up a blockade (the action of shutting a port or road to prevent people of supplies from coming into an area or leaving it). By 1814, the British navy had 135 warships blockading American ports. After reinforcing their troops, the British were able to close off all of the American ports by the end of the war.
  • Invasion of Canada

    Invasion of Canada
    The war hawks were the ones who wanted to invade on Canada. The American troops that were under General William Hull invaded Canada and Detroit. The British captured more than 2,000 American soldiers. It was a very serious defeat for the U.S.
  • USS Constitution scores a victory

    USS Constitution scores a victory
    The message that Oliver Hazard Perry said with his victory was " We have met the enemy and they are ours". The British followed Canada back defeating them in another battle.
  • Battle of Lake Erie

    Battle of Lake Erie
    During this battle the American forces had better luck on Lake Erie. The British and American sides were aware of the importance of controlling the lake. Then a three hour battle took place at Put-In-Bay, at the western part of the lake. Oliver Hazard Perry (the American commander) switched to another ship until it was won.
  • Battle of Thames

    Battle of Thames
    The Battle of the Thames, also known as the Battle of Moraviantown, was a decisive United States victory in the War of 1812 against Great Britain.
  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend

     Battle of Horseshoe Bend
    Jackson defeated the Creeks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. The treaty that ended up fighting forced the Creeks to give up millions of acres of land.
  • Washington, D.C Attacked & Burned

    Washington, D.C Attacked & Burned
    Dolley Madison (the presidents wife) gathered all of the important papers, then the British set fire to the government buildings including the White House. The Americans were shocked that they could not defend Washington.
  • Attack on Baltimore

    Attack on Baltimore
    The British first stop was Fort McHenry, which they defended in the citys harbor. They bombarded the fort throught the night of September 13, 1814. Francis Scott Key (a young American man) watched the attack happen.
  • The Writing of the Star Spangled Banner

    The Writing of the Star Spangled Banner
    One a back of an old envelope, Key wrote a poem that was called ''The Star Spangled Banner''. It told the story of the night of "The Attack on Baltimore". The poem then became popular then was made to music.
  • Hartford Convention

    A group of Federalists met in Hartford, Connecticut. They suggested that the New England states would secede(or withdraw) from the United States.
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Britian was tired of war. Peace talks began in Ghent, Belgium. On Christmas Eve 1814, the two sides signed the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war. The treaty returned things the way they had been before.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    The American forces under General Andrew Jackson won a stunning victory over the British and the Battle of New Orleans.