MAIN HISTORICAL FACTS

Timeline created by Gañán10
In History
  • 476

    The Beginning Middle Ages

    The Middle Ages start with the fall of Rome in 476
  • 632

    The Rise of Islam

    The Islamic world was growing larger and more powerful. After the prophet Muhammad’s death in 632 CE, Muslim armies conquered large parts of the Middle East, uniting them under the rule of a single caliph. At its height, the medieval Islamic world was more than three times bigger than all of Christendom.
  • 800

    Charlemagne

    He was a king who extended his kingdom and covered almost all of Western and Central Europe. He was declared the emperor of the Romans in 800 AD and enjoyed the empire until his death.
  • 843

    Treaty of Verdun

    The Carolingian Empire faced a civil war.
    Finally, the Carolingian Empire was divided into three parts in August 843 AD through the Treaty of Verdun, which ended a three-year civil war.
  • 962

    The Holy Roman Empire of Germany

    Otto I managed to protect the Germans against the Magyar invaders.
    He chose to create a German monastery. This natural loyalty to the German Church and kingdom helped him gain control over the dukes of the rebellion and establish his empire.
  • 1215

    Declaration of the Magna Carta

    Declaration of the Magna Carta
    It was originally issued in 1215 A.D. This letter is considered the first step towards the constitutional government of England. The Magna Carta restricted the Emperor's power and demonstrated the importance of a Constitution.
  • 1453

    The Beginning of the Renaissance

    The Renaissance began with the fall of the Byzantine empire.
  • 1492

    The End of the Middle Ages

    The Middle Ages end with the discovery of America
  • 1494

    Treaty of Torsetella

    Spain and Portugal came to an agreement on the border.
  • 1499

    Forced conversion of Muslims

    Muslims who lived under Christian rule were granted Mudejar status, legally allowing the open practice of Islam. In 1499, an archbishop of Toledo initiated a campaign in the city of Granada to force the religious fulfillment of Christianity through torture and imprisonment, which triggered a Muslim rebellion. The rebellion was finally stifled and then used to justify the revocation of the legal and conventional protections of Muslims.
  • The beginning of the Baroque

    The Baroque originated around 1600, several decades after the Council of Trent (1545–63), by which the Roman Catholic Church answered many questions.
  • Establishment of the Jamestown Settlement in North America

    Jamestown Settlement was established which was the first succesfull English settlement
  • Construction of St. Peter's Square began

    Is a major basilica in Vatican City, an enclave of Rome. St. Peter's was until recently the largest church ever built and it remains one of the holiest sites in Christendom. Contrary to what one might reasonably assume, St. Peter's is not a cathedral - that honor in Rome goes to St. John Lateran.
  • End of Baroque period

    It ended because it began to lose importance in different aspects.
  • The end of the Renaissance

    We consider the start of the Renaissance in 1300, but not in music because there were only changes in ideas. So in music the Renaissance start in 1789.
  • Period:
    1118
    to
    1312

    The Crusades

    The Catholic Church began to authorize military expeditions, or Crusades, to expel Muslim “infidels” from the Holy Land.
    No one “won” the Crusades; in fact, many thousands of people from both sides lost their lives.
  • Period:
    1315
    to
    1317

    The Great Famine

    During this period, a large part of the population died of hunger and disease.
    In addition to the lack of food, the crime rate increased to the extreme and there was cannibalism, rapes and infanticides.
    The great famine caused restlessness in the peasants and even the members of the nobility suffered a setback.
  • Period:
    1337
    to
    1453

    The Hundred Years War

    The Hundred Years War began in 1337, when the Kingdom of England waged war against the Kingdom of France.
    While there were many periods of peace and ceasefire between England and France during the period, this war continued again and again with different conflicts until 1453.
  • Period:
    1347
    to
    1350

    The black death

    Black death killed some 20 million people in Europe—30 percent of the continent’s population. It was especially deadly in cities, where it was impossible to prevent the transmission of the disease.
  • Period:
    1378
    to
    1417

    The Great Schism

    The Church suffered the first shock in 1054, when it was divided into the Eastern and Western Christian Church. The Eastern Orthodox Church believed that the Western Catholic Church was corrupt and exploitative.
  • Period:
    1516
    to
    1555

    Carlos V King of Spain

    He reigned from 1516 to 1555
  • Period:
    1516
    to
    1556

    Reign of Carlos I

    He reigned in all the kingdoms and Hispanic territories with the name of Carlos I from 1516 to 1556
  • Period:
    1556
    to

    Reign of Philip II

    He was king of Spain from January 15, 1556 until his death, of Naples and Sicily since 1554 and of Portugal and the Algarves
  • Period: to

    The 30 years war started

    The Thirty Years' War was a war fought in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648, in which most of the great European powers of the time intervened.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Louis XIV started

    Louis XIV, France's Sun King, had the longest reign in European history (1643-1715). During this time he brought absolute monarchy to its height, established a glittering court at Versailles, and fought most of the other European countries in four wars. In the middle period (1661-85) Louis reigned personally and innovatively, but the last years of his personal rule (1685-1715) were beset by problems.