Madison and Hannah's Timeline
Jan 1, 1310
Dante writes the Divine ComedyInformation about the Divine Comedy. The Divine Comedy is an epic poem written by Dante Alighieri between 1308 and his death in 1321. It is widely considered the preeminent work of Italian literature and is seen as one of the greatest works of world literature. The poem's imaginative and allegorical vision of the afterlife is a culmination of the medieval world-view as it had developed in the Western Church. It helped establish the Tuscan dialect in which it is written as the standardized Italian.
Jan 1, 1390
Chaucer writes "The Canterbury Tales"Information about the Canterbury Tales. "The Canterbury Tales" is a collection of stories written in Middle English. The tales are told as part of a story-telling contest by a group of pilgrims as they travel together on a journey. "The Canterbury Tales" was Chaucer's magnum opus. He used the tales and the descriptions of the characters to paint an ironic and critical portrait of English society at the time.
Jan 1, 1415
Donatello Create his statue of St. GeorgeInformation about the statue of St. George. St. George was commissioned by a guild and depicts its patron saint. The marble original was replaced in later centuries with this bronze copy. There is some irony in this, for as H. W. Janson notes, "the armorers, as a lesser guild, were not permitted to have a bronze statue in their tabernacle" . The original work probably displayed bronze military equipment, such as a helmet and weapons.
Aug 22, 1434
Jan van Eyck paints the "Arnolfini Portrait"<a href='http://Jan van Eyck paints the "Arnolfini Portrait"' >Information about the Arnolfini Portrait. </a>The theme of the "Arnolfini Portrait" was used in an episode of the Russian TV show "Kukly". `The episode show Putin's Russia as being stuck in the darkness of the Middle Ages with Putin, who lives in a secluded medievel castle, ruling the country with an iron fist, manipulating and oppressing people.
Aug 13, 1447
Last Visconti Ruler of Milan DiesInformation about the last Vinconti ruler. Filippo Maria Viscont became a ruler in 1412. He was a very sucessful leader, but he had an ugly exterior due to his consciousness. He had two brothers, and he was married twice. He was cruel, paranoid, and extremely sensitive about his personal ugliness. He died in 1447.
Feb 22, 1494
Charles VIII of France invades NaplesInformation about Charlves VIII. Charles VIII was the king of France until his death in 1498.
In 1494, Ludovico Sforza was threathened by Alfonso II. Sforza urged Charles to take Naples, so he did. Charles came to Italy with 25,000 men and marched across the
peninsula. Alfonso was expelled as king, and Charles became the new one.
Jan 1, 1505
Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona LisaInformation about the Mona Lisa. Leonardo da Vinci is best remembered as the painter of the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. But he's almost equally famous for his astonishing multiplicity of talents: he dabbled in architecture, sculpture, engineering, geology, hydraulics and the military arts, all with success, and in his spare time doodled parachutes and flying machines that resembled inventions of the 19th and 20th centuries. He made detailed drawings of human anatomy which are still highly regarded today.
Jan 1, 1509
Erasmus writes his satire "The Praise of Folly"Information about The Praise of Folly. The Praise of Folly has long been famous as the best-known work of the greatest of the Renaissance humanists, Erasmus of Rotterdam. It is a fantasy which starts off as a learned frivolity but turns into a full-scale ironic encomium after the manner of the Greek satirist Lucian, the first and in its way the finest example of a new form of Renaissance satire. It ends with a straightforward and touching statement.
Jan 1, 1513
Machiavelli writes The PrinceInformation about The Prince. Niccolo' Machiavelli was born on May 3, 1969. He was an Italian historian, philosopher, humanist, diplomat, political philosopher, civil servant, and a writer. Machiavelli's best-known book was "The Prince". "The Prince" contains a number of maxims concering politics. It is sometimes clamined to be one of the first works of modern philosophy.
Jan 1, 1517
Martin Luther presents the Ninety-five ThesesInformation about the Ninety-Five Theses. The Ninety-five Theses was written in 1517 by Martin Luther King Jr. It is widely regaurded as the primary catalyst for the Protestant Reformation. The background to the Ninety-five Theses centers on practices within the Catholic Church regaurding baptism and absolution. It argued that the sale of indulgences was a gross violation of the original intention of confession and penance, and that Christians were being told that they could find absolution through the purchase of indulgences.
Jan 1, 1521
The church excommunicates LutherExcommunicates is a religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community. In some religions, excommunication includes spiritual condemnation of the member of the group. It may include banishment, shunning, and shaming, depending on the religion. The Lutheranism is rarely used.
May 6, 1527
Invading armies sack RomeOn May 6, 1527, Rome was invaded by armies. It was a military event carried out by the mutinous troops of Charles V. It marked a crutial imperial victory in the conflict between Charles and the League of Cognac.
Jan 1, 1528
Castiglione writes "The Book of the Courtier"Information about the Book of the Courtier. In the year of 1528, the year of Castiglione's death, "The Book of the Courtier" was published. "The Book of the Courtier" is based on a nostalgic recreation of Castiglione's experience at the court of Duke. The book is a tribute to Castiglione's friendship with the participants of the disscusion.
Aug 23, 1531
War between the Protestant and Catholic states in SwitzerlandInformation about the war between the Protestant and the Catholic states. The war between the Protestant and Catholic states was a major conflict between thirteen cantons. The alpine cantons of Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Lucerne, and Zug remained Catholic. Numerous minor incidents and provocations were made from both sides. By medication of the other cantons, war was barely avoided. Protestant cities in the Holy Roman Empire were served. Konstanz and many other cities were placed under a strictly aristrocrat rule.
Period: Jan 1, 1534 to Jan 1, 1540
The Society of Jesus becomes a religious orderInformation about the Society of Jesus. The Society of Jesus is a Catholic male religious order that follows the teachings of the Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits, which are also known as "The Company". Jesuits are known for their work in education, intellectual research, cultural pursuits, and for their missionary efforts. The Society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on 6 continents. "Formula of the Institude" is where the principles are found. Ignatius founded the Society.
Nov 1, 1534
The Act of Supremacy is passed in EnglandInformation about the Act of Supremacy.There are two Acts of Supremacy's. One was passed in 1534 and the other was passed in 1559. Both acts had the same purpose; to firmly establish the English monarch as the official head of the Church of England. The Act effectivly made it treasonable to support the authority of the Pope over the Church of England. Because of this, support for Catholicism not only was a statement of personal religious conviction, but it became a repudiation of the authority of the monarch.
Period: Dec 13, 1545 to Dec 4, 1563
The Council of Trent is formedInformation about the Council of Trent. The Council of Trent was the 16th-century Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. It is considered to be one of the Church's most important councils. The Council entrusted to the Pope the implemanation of its work. The Council of Trent was a major reform council and the most impressive embodiment of the ideals of the Counter-Reformation.
Sep 25, 1555
The Peace of Augsburg divides GermanyInformation about the Peace of Augsburg. The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty between Charles V and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League, an alliance of Lutheran princes. The Peace of Augsburg is also known as the Augsburg Settlement. It officially ended the religious struggle between the two groups and made the legal division of Christendom permanent. The Peace allowed German princes to select Lutheranism or Catholicism.
Jan 1, 1557
Mary Tudor, "Bloody Mary", became Queen of EnglandInformation about "Bloody Mary". Mary Tudor was the Queen of England from 1557 until the day of her death. When she was little, all of her siblings died due to illnes. She was the only living one. Mary married Philip of Spain, and as a result, she became queen on his accession in 1557. Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism. In the process, she had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in Marian Persecutions. Due to that, she has the nickname "Bloody Mary".