Islamic Timeline

Timeline created by giselleserrano
In History
  • Jun 8, 610

    Gabriel Speaks to Muhammad

    Gabriel Speaks to Muhammad
    According to Ellis on page 305, The archangel Gabriel speaked to Muhammad. He called him to be a messenger of God. Muhammed was in shock.
  • Jun 8, 622

    Muhammad's Hijra

    Muhammad's Hijra
    According to Ellis on page 305, The Hijra was a turning point for Islam. Muhammed traveled from Mecca to Medina. Muhammed created rules that governed and united Muslims which brought peace.
  • Jan 7, 632

    Ali

    Ali
    Ali was close to Muhammed. Shi'a believed he could be the next prophet of islam.
  • Nov 8, 632

    Muhammad's Death

    Muhammad's Death
    Muhammed died unexpectally. Muhammed died without picking a succesor. Which led to many conflicts.
  • Nov 9, 634

    Abu Bakr

    Abu Bakr
    According Ellis on page 310, Ali Bakr, Muhammads father in law was agreed to be the first caliph. Or first succesor to Muhammad.
  • Nov 9, 661

    Umayyad Dynasty

    Umayyad Dynasty
    The Uymayyad's leader was Mu'awiya the fifth caliph. Yazid, his son, was chosen to be his succesor.Umayyads were the first dynasty to rule an islamic empire.
  • Nov 9, 663

    Suria and Shia

    Suria and Shia
    Sunni's and Shia's are considered to be Muslims.The only difference is that they practice Islam differently. They both agree on fundamentals.
  • Nov 9, 750

    Fall of Umayyad

    Fall of Umayyad
    According to Ellis on page 314, The Umayyad family was killed. One survived, but fled to spain. The Abassid Empire rose and made many changes.
  • Nov 11, 750

    Rise of Abbasids

    Rise of Abbasids
    Abbasids moved capital to Baghdad in 762. Expansion of the Abbasids brought conflict with the Chineese.
  • Nov 9, 830

    House of Wisdom

    House of Wisdom
    According to Ellis on page 317, "The House of Wisdom" was a library and a University in Baghdad. The House of Wisdom brought people knowledge and advances in technology.
  • Nov 11, 1055

    Fall of the Abbasids

    Fall of the Abbasids
    Turkmen took control of Baghdad. The leader Tugrul Bey forced Abbasids caliphs to be renamed sultan.
  • Nov 9, 1096

    First Crusade

    First Crusade
    The Pope called the first crusade.Crusades ended in 1204. Trade flourished throughout the east and west, and exchanged the learnings of muslim scholars.