Muhammad created IslamMuhammad Ibn Abdullah was born in 570. When he was young his parents died. The angel Gabriel appeared to him and announced he was the new prophet chosen by Allah.
Muhammad, the prophetMuhammad fled to the city of Medina from the Mecca. This event is called the Hijra and marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.
Period: 632 to 846
The expansion of IslamAfter Muhammad´s dead (632) the muslims still have a religious caliph, by him wishes to expand Islam. -7th century: they defeated Byzantium Empire conquering Siria, Egypt and Persian Empire.
-8th century: they conquered berbers´ tribes in North Africa, a part of Iberian Peninsula and they were defeated in the battle of Poities.
-9th century: they conquered Nubia and Palermo.
The Battle of GuadaleteAn army of Berbers crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and defeated the Visigoths. Visigoths were lead by Roderic (he died in this battle).
And Muslims by Tariq and Musa.
Period: 711 to 718
The conquest of Al-AndalusThe Visigothic monarchy were in a deep crisis because a part of Visigothic kingdom prefer Roderic and the other part prefer Achila and because them Muslims took advantage over Visigoths.
Period: 718 to 756
The dependent EmirateAl-Andalus became a dependent emirate of the Umayyad Caliphate of Damascus. An emir was appointed to rule the emirate.
Period: 718 to 1492
The evolution of Al-AndalusThis are the kinds of "kingdoms" that were in the history of Al-Andalus.
Period: 756 to 929
The independent EmirateAbd al-Rahman I fled to Al-Andalus in 756 and founded the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba breaking the political unity of the Islamic EmpireAbd al Rahman I fled to Al-Andalus in 756 and founded the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba breaking the political unity of the Islamic Empire.
Period: 929 to 1031
The Caliphate of CórdobaThe emir Abd al-Rahman III impose his authority and proclaimed himself caliph and established the Caliphate of Córdoba, a territory really independent from Baghdad. This was the Golden Age of Al-Andalus.
Period: 1031 to 1248
The taifa kingdomAl-Andalus was divided into small and weak kingdoms called taifas. The Almohads a new Muslim armie stopped the Christian advance.
Period: 1248 to 1492
The Nasrid Kingdom of GranadaIs the only territory that survived the Christian advance, they pay taxes to Castilla to avoid attack. In 1492 the Catholic Monarchs conquisted the Kingdom of Granada this event mark the end of Al-Andalus.