By Efrén
  • 570

    Muhammad created Islam

    Muhammad created Islam
    Muhammad Ibn Abdullah was born in 570. When he was young his parents died. The angel Gabriel appeared to him and announced he was the new prophet chosen by Allah.
  • 622

    Muhammad, the prophet

    Muhammad, the prophet
    Muhammad fled to the city of Medina from the Mecca. This event is called the Hijra and marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.
  • Period: 632 to 846

    The expansion of Islam

    After Muhammad´s dead (632) the muslims still have a religious caliph, by him wishes to expand Islam. -7th century: they defeated Byzantium Empire conquering Siria, Egypt and Persian Empire.
    -8th century: they conquered berbers´ tribes in North Africa, a part of Iberian Peninsula and they were defeated in the battle of Poities.
    -9th century: they conquered Nubia and Palermo.
  • 711

    The Battle of Guadalete

    The Battle of Guadalete
    An army of Berbers crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and defeated the Visigoths. Visigoths were lead by Roderic (he died in this battle).
    And Muslims by Tariq and Musa.
  • Period: 711 to 718

    The conquest of Al-Andalus

    The Visigothic monarchy were in a deep crisis because a part of Visigothic kingdom prefer Roderic and the other part prefer Achila and because them Muslims took advantage over Visigoths.
  • Period: 718 to 756

    The dependent Emirate

    Al-Andalus became a dependent emirate of the Umayyad Caliphate of Damascus. An emir was appointed to rule the emirate.
  • Period: 718 to 1492

    The evolution of Al-Andalus

    This are the kinds of "kingdoms" that were in the history of Al-Andalus.
  • Period: 756 to 929

    The independent Emirate

    Abd al-Rahman I fled to Al-Andalus in 756 and founded the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba breaking the political unity of the Islamic EmpireAbd al Rahman I fled to Al-Andalus in 756 and founded the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba breaking the political unity of the Islamic Empire.
  • Period: 929 to 1031

    The Caliphate of Córdoba

    The emir Abd al-Rahman III impose his authority and proclaimed himself caliph and established the Caliphate of Córdoba, a territory really independent from Baghdad. This was the Golden Age of Al-Andalus.
  • Period: 1031 to 1248

    The taifa kingdom

    Al-Andalus was divided into small and weak kingdoms called taifas. The Almohads a new Muslim armie stopped the Christian advance.
  • Period: 1248 to 1492

    The Nasrid Kingdom of Granada

    Is the only territory that survived the Christian advance, they pay taxes to Castilla to avoid attack. In 1492 the Catholic Monarchs conquisted the Kingdom of Granada this event mark the end of Al-Andalus.