India Under British Rule With Gandhi and After British Rule

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    India Under British Rule and After British Rule

  • Sepoy Mutiny

    Sepoy Mutiny
    Indian soldiers were jailed because most refused to accept catriges since they has been greased with beef and pork fat. The cow was sacred for the Hindus and the pork was not to be eaten by the Muslims. After being jailed, the soldiers rebelled the next day and captured the city of Delhi, where the rebellion was spread even further. This image displays a scene during the riot.
  • British Take Direct Control

    British Take Direct Control
    Since 1757, when Robert Clive led the East India Company to victory, the British has been the leading power in India. This year, they took direct control over the country.
  • Nationalist Feeling

    Nationalist Feeling
    Nationalist groups were created because of Ram Mohun Roy's ideas. Their purpose was to get rid of the British rule. This year, the Indian Nationalist Congress was created. The image is the group's flag.
  • Partition of Bengal

    Partition of Bengal
    The British divided Benegal into two: the Hindu section and a Muslim section. With the two greatest religions in distant places, it was hard for them to become one and achieve independence.
  • Nationalist Feeling 2

    Nationalist Feeling 2
    The Muslim League was created in order to work for independence, just like the Indian National Congress. The image is the group's flag.
  • Ruling After WWII

    Ruling After WWII
    Indians violently acted against the British because they failed to keep their promise of allowing India to be self-governed after WWII.
  • Rowlatt Acts

    Rowlatt Acts
    The British passed the Rowlatt Acts, which were laws that stated that protestants culd be jailed without a trail for two years. Educated Indians got angry at this because they noticed that this law violated their individual rights. The image displays a newspaper article letting people know the news of the new law.
  • Amritsar Massacre

    Amritsar Massacre
    To protesta against the Rowlatt Acts, Hindus and Muslims sat in an enclosed square to pray, fast, and listen to political speeches. Since public meetings had been banned by the British, the officials started a shooting which followed for ten minutes where four hundred Indians were killed, and more than a thousand were injured. The image displays the soldiers in a ready position to attack the Indians.
  • Gandhi As Leader

    Gandhi As Leader
    Gandhi emerged as leader after the massacre and obtained millions of followers from multiple religions. The image is displaying Gandhi's portrait.
  • Means to Achieve Independence

    Means to Achieve Independence
    Congress Party endorsed civil disobedience and nonviolence as the means to achieve independence.
  • Campaign of Civil Disobedience

    Campaign of Civil Disobedience
    Gandhi laucnhed his campaign to weaken British.
  • Salt March

    Salt March
    The Salt March was a peaceful protest where followers walked 240 miles to the seacoast to make their own salt. This way, they refused the British law and denied to buy from the government and pay taxes. The image shows Gandhi and his followers walking together towards the seacoast to make salt.
  • Salt March 2

    Salt March 2
    After the Salt March, followers walked in a line to where the government processed their salt. The officials guarding the entrance wacked the Indians with clubs and then the people stepped out of the line peacefully and got their skulls and shoulders cheked by the women. The image shows British soldiers hitting Indians with sticks.
  • Government of India Act

    Government of India Act
    British Parliament passed the Government of India Act; it provided self-government and limited democratic elections.
  • Indians to WWII

    Indians to WWII
    The Indian sodiers were sent to war without being consulted first about India's repesentatives. The resistance to the British became stronger after the humiliation.
  • Muslim and Hindu Riot in Calcutta

    Muslim and Hindu Riot in Calcutta
    After WWII, a riot lasting four days took place in Calcutta because the Muslims and Hindus were worried about who would rise to power after their freedom from the British. Five thousand people died and more that fifteen thousand were wounded.
  • Partition of India and Pakistan

    Partition of India and Pakistan
    Partition occured and a new nation of Pakistan was formed for the Muslims. The British House of Commons passed an act the 16th of July that granted India and Pakistan as two nations. The image shows the divisions of land.
  • Indian Independence

    Indian Independence
    The Indian Independence took place in 1947. At the time it was the world's largest democracy. Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India.
  • Gandhi's Passing

    Gandhi's Passing
    A Hindu radical shot Gandhi and put him to death because he thought that Gandhi was being overprotective of the Muslims. The image displays Gandhi's funeral and we can see how many people attended to it because he was a great impact to Indian history.
  • Ruliing India

    Ruliing India
    The UN arranged a cease-fire that helped clear up the unrest between the Hindus and Muslims while trying to decide who was going to reign India now that it was independent.
  • Nehru's Passing

    Nehru's Passing
    Nehru had been one of India's leaders during the first seventeen years of independence. In 1964, Nehru died and the Congress Party was left without a strong leader.
  • New Prime Minister

    New Prime Minister
    Nehru's daughter, Indira Gandhi, took her father's role and became India's Prime Minister.
  • Indira's Passing

    Indira's Passing
    Indira was killed because the Sikh extremists hadn't gotten their independent state that they had asked for.
  • Indira's Son

    Indira's Son
    Indira'a son, Rajiv, took over his mother's position of Prime Minister but the government began to turn corrupt, so the government began to lose its power.
  • Rajvi's Passing

    Rajvi's Passing
    Rajvi was killed by a bomb while campaigning a second time for Prime Minister in a town called Madras.