South Asia Timeline

  • Period: to

    Southern Asia Modernization

  • Robert Clive

    Robert Clive
    Robert Clive wrests control of Arcot in modern Tamil Nadu while the British and French are preoccupied with fighting for South India. He also led the rebellion of 1857.
  • Britain in India

    Britain in India
    General Clive wins the battle of Plassy for Britain. This allowed the British to take political control of India. Clive lost twenty two men and fifty were wounded. As contrasted to the five hundred men that Nawab lost in combat.
  • Indian Industry

    Indian Industry
    India's industrialization included the production and trade of silk and cotton. at first this trade was due to the tradition of wearing a sari (as shown in the picture) causing their production of textiles firsthand to already be greater, and better.
  • British Taxation

    British Taxation
    The British force Bengal to cede the rights to collect taxes to the British rulers. This puts Britain in a higher seat of power as well as monetary gain. It also forces Indian residence to obey and acknowledge the British rulers, as they pay them their earnings.
  • A British Committee

    A British Committee
    The British rulers form a committee of gentlemen against slavery. This committee sparked the first thought of abolition. It also marked the beginning of the campaign against slavery.
  • Industry

    India harbored a profitable slave trade until it was later outlawed by the British. The slave trade was a long tradition in India, and was also fostered by the East India Company for a time. Because the East India Company shared in the trade of slaves with India, this made it even more interesting when they prohibited slave trade.
  • Permanent Settlement

    Permanent Settlement
    The Permanent Settlement Act is passed in Britain. This allows the landowners rights to own their own property. It also places them in the position and obligation on collecting taxes from the peasants under them.
  • Britains place in India 1800-1857

    Britains place in India 1800-1857
    Britian used its political control in India to turn a profit, establishing the East India Company in order to gain off of India's trade. This was also done to place a foothold in India for future political use. Which they took advantage of.
  • British Lift Ban

    British Lift Ban
    The British Parliment lifts an Indian ban on allowing Christian missionaries into India. They are allowed into India under a special liscensing system. This brings a spread of Christianity which had been stunted prior to this point.
  • British gain yet more control

    British gain yet more control
    The British conquer the Marathas. This allowed them to assume more control over south Asia. This conquest expanded Britain's land, resources and power farther than it had ever expanded before.
  • India Abolishes new land

    India Abolishes new land
    India's colonial congress bans the practice of sati. This is a ritual where a widow would throw their body on top of their husbands funeral pyre. This ritual suicide was considered to be the only way to remain faithful to your husband.
  • Outlawing of Traditions

    Outlawing of Traditions
    British outlaw slavery, infantcide, and human sacrifice throughout all of India.

  • Technology

    The first railroad and telegraph system are constructed in India. http://www.museumofthecity.org/node/1324
  • Mutiny of 1857

    Mutiny of 1857
    Indian soldiers for Britain refuse to use cartridges greased with pork and beef fat. The pork being offensive to the muslim soldiers, and the beef to the Hindu soldiers. The mutiny spreads and lasts for over a year, causing mass violence to break out.
  • Britain colonzes India 1857-1947

    Britain colonzes India 1857-1947
    After the rebellion, Britain is fully aware of how strained things are in India, and abolishes the East India Company, only to instate India as a Biritish colony.http://www.hindubooks.org/sudheer_birodkar/hindu_history/landbritish.html
  • The Life of Gandhi

    The Life of Gandhi
    (1869-1948) Throughout all of his life, Gandhi was both a peace, and equal rights activist, drivin by Hinduism and Jainism. During his early adulthood, this caused him to spend much of his life in prison. Gandhi was a very influencial Indian figure, and supports large portions of Indian history.
  • Back to Vedas

    Back to Vedas
    Arya samaj is founded. The movment begins an end to Hindu rituals, and a return to simplicity, To do this it demands living life by the Vedas.
  • An Emperess to be

    An Emperess to be
    The British Queen Victoria, is announced the emperess of India. She becomes Empress and not Queen due to her control of the Church of England as well as her command of a new empire which included India, Australia, New Zealand and parts of Africa.
  • Indian National Congress

    Indian National Congress
    Founded in Bombay, the institution was a way to communicate between native Indians and their British rulers. The self appointed Indian delegates hailed from all different religions of India and worked together to get more Indian citizens in cival service and positions of authority. They are still active today.
  • Against indentured servitude

    Against indentured servitude
    Ghandi petitions against indentured servitude practices in India. No more than six months after Ghandi begins his petition, The British cancel all use of the sysetem throughout their Empire.
    (the picture given is Ghandi's signature in Indian.)