Life of Gandhi Timeline

  • Birth

    Mohands Gandhi, commonly known as Mohatma Gandhi, was born in Porbandar, Bombay Presidency, British India.
  • Marrage

    Gandhi married 14-year-old Kasturbai Makhanji. It was an arranged child marrage, and in the process, he lost a year of school.
  • Ghandi's First Child

    Gandhi's first child was born, though died a few days later. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, also died that same year.
  • Gandhi Travels to England

    Gandhi Travels to England
    Gandhi travelled to London, England, to study law at University College London, where he studied Indian law and jurisprudence and to train as a barrister at the Inner Temple. He actively tried to adopt English cultures, such as dance lessons and food. Though, he was turned away by many of the bland traditions.
  • Return to India

    Ghandi was called to the bar exam. He passed the exam. He then returned to India, where he had learned his mother died while he was in London. His family hid this informaton from him.
  • Gandhi Goes to South Africa

    Gandhi Goes to South Africa
    Gandhi travels to South Africa and estabolishes the Natal Indian Congress. He organised the Indian population of South Africa into a unified political force.
  • Gandhi's Ambulance Service

    Gandhi's Ambulance Service
    Ghandi assembles an ambulance corps of twenty Indians in responce to the outbreak of the Boer War (1899-1901). These Indians would carry stretchers to carry wounded British soldiers in battle. As a result, Gandhi made it so that Indians would gain full citizenship in Africa.
  • Gandhi Attends INC

    Gandhi returnes to India and attends the Indian National Congress, where he is first introduced to the other nationalist leaders.
  • First Visit to Jail

    Gandhi leads the Indians, in India, to peacefully refuse to register to the Boer Republic Transvaal. Ghandi, as his first time, is thrown in jail for two months.
  • Gandhi Returns to London

    Ghandi travels to London to fight for rights for South African Indians. Also, the The Transvaal registration law is repealed.
  • Gandhi Marches in London

    Indians in Natal and Transvaal, under Gandhi's leadership, march peacefully in protest of a racist poll tax and marriage laws. The marches continue through the winter.
  • The Protests End and Gandhi Goes Home

    Gandhi and Smuts, the Prime Minister of the Transvaal, reach an agreement, ending the protests. Later, Gandhi returns to India, and is given a hero's welcome.
  • Gandhi Founds Satyagraha ashram

    Gandhi Founds Satyagraha ashram
    Gandhi and his followers create the Satyagraha ashram, where he, his family, and his followers will live.
  • Amritsar Massacre

    Amritsar Massacre
    Under the command of General Dyre, British troops slaughter hundreds of Indians in Amritsar. As a result a period of non-cooperation with India, headed by Gandhi, is put into play. Several months later, Gandhi is arrested and stays in jail for a period of time.
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    Gandhi Avoids Politics

    Gandhi remains in jail and avoids polotics alltogether. Instead, he writes books focuing on the improvement of India.
  • Gandhi Heads INC

    Gandhi Heads INC
    Gandhi is elected head of Indian Natonal Congress, despite his ling absence from polotics.
  • DOII

    Gandhi publishes The Declaration of Independence of India.
  • Round Table Conference

    Round Table Conference
    The British government yields to protests by the Indians, they release all prisoners, and invite a Congress representative to Britain for a Round Table Conference (the Congress asks Gandhi to be this representative). It is held in Autumn, and Gandhi attends.
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    Salt March

    Gandhi leads The Salt March to the sea, walking over 200 miles with many other Indians.
  • Jail...again

    Gandhi is thrown in jail for breaking Salt Laws.
  • Fasting

    Gandhi is thrown in jail for sedition without a trial. During this time, he fasts to protest the treatment of the Untouchables.
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    Avoiding Polotics

    Gandhi avoids polotics and does a lot of traveling in rural India.
  • First Move Towards Independence

    The Government of India Act passes British Parliament and is implemented in India; it is marked as the first movement toward independence.
  • Cripps Proposal

    Cripps Proposal
    Sir Stafford Cripps arrives in India, presenting to the Indian National Congress a proposal for Dominion status (autonomy within the British Commonwealth) after the War.
  • Rejection of Cripps Proposal

    The Indian National Congress rejects the Cripps proposal, and declares it will grant its support for the British war effort only in return for independence. Congress leaders are arrested and Gandhi is imprisoned in Aga Kahn's palace
  • Ali Jinnah

    Ali Jinnah
    Gandhi visits Muhammed Ali Jinnah, the leader of The Muslim League, in Bombay, and tries to work out an agreement to keep India whole. He was not able to reach agreement.
  • Proposal for Indian State

    The British Cabinet Mission publishes a proposal for an Indian state. Ali Jinnah and the Muslim League reject the proposal.
  • Independence At Last

    Independence At Last
    Indians gain independence, and separate country of Pakistan is formed.
  • Death

    Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Vinayuk Godse, a Hindu nationalist. He believed Gandhi was showing Muslims too much 'sympathy'.
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    India dissolves into chaos and killings, as Hindus and Muslims flee for the borders of India and Pakistan.