Indian independence colors flag

The Indian Independence: Fought and Won Peacefully

  • Indian Rebellion of 1857

    Indian Rebellion of 1857
    A failed rebellion or independence movement in India against the British rule. These widespread movement began in Meerut by Indian troops in the service of the East Britain Trading Company.
  • British Rule was Established

    British Rule was Established
    It is this date when the British rule was established in India. The power changed from the hands of the East Indian Company to the British Crown. This was done with the passing of the Government of India Act.
  • Birth of Mahatma Gandhi

    Birth of Mahatma Gandhi
    On this date, the leader of the Indian independence was born in Porbandar, India. He was born in a modest business class family. His name was Mahatma Karamchand Gandhi.
  • Formation of Hindu Indian National Congress

    Formation of Hindu Indian National Congress
    This Indian political party was formed in this year and was an important leader in the Indian independence movement. Since then, it has formed most of India's government.
  • Formation of Muslim League

    Formation of Muslim League
    Political group that led to a movement that caused the separation of a separate Muslim Nation after the Indian Independence. With Muhammad Ali Jinnah as their leader, they were able to formed the country of Pakistan and separated from India as they thought that an independent India would be dominated by the Hindus. After this, the Muslim League became Pakistan's leading political party.
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    Indian Troops Return Home

    During WWI, millions of Indians were enlisted in the British army. This created a great sense of nationalism in the country. In return for their service, the British government promised India, self-government as soon as the war was over. In this date the troops finally came back home and people were expecting them eagerly.
  • Armistice of WWI

    Armistice of WWI
    This was the day when the armistice of WWi was signed by representatives of France, Great Britain and Germany to put an end to all the fighting. The treaty of Versailles, signed six months later, would serve as the result of peaceful negotiations after the war.
  • Rowlatt Acts are Passed

    Rowlatt Acts are Passed
    On this date the Rowlatt Acts were passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in London. These laws allowed the government to jail protesters without trial for as long as two years. These acts were passed as a way to control the protesters in India that began acting violently after the British government did not complete their promise of giving them the right to self-government.
  • The Amritsar Massacre

    The Amritsar Massacre
    To protest the Rowlatt Acts, around 10,000 Hindu and Muslim protesters went to the city of Amritsar in the Pujab. Here they gathered in a huge festival in an enclosed where they intended to fast pray and here political speeches. Unfortunately, the government believed this was an act of rebellion. They believed this was a dangerous alliance between the Hindus and the Muslims. Based on these, the British commander at Amritsar ordered his troops to fired at the crowd.
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    Congress Party Endorsed Civil Disobedience

    When the British did not punish the officers responsible for the Amritsar Massacre, the Congress Party approved and supported civil disobedience in the country. This concept was mainly based on M.K. Gandhi's campaign. Civil disobedience means the deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law.
  • Chauri Chaura Violence

    Chauri Chaura Violence
    It is at this date when supporters from the Khalifa Movement and the Congress Party rebelled against local police of the village of Chauri Chaura. The mob set the police station on fire, therefore killing 22 Indian policemen.
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    The Salt March

    According to law, Indians could only buy salt from no other source but the government. They also had to pay taxes for it. As an act of civil disobedience organized by M.K. Gandhi, his followers and him walked about 240 miles to the seacoast. There they made their own salt by collecting seawater and evaporating it. This was illegal at the time.
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    First Round Table Conference

    On this first session, 73 representatives from all Indian states and parties, except the Indian Congress Party as it was undergoing an act of civil disobedience. In this conference, little was agreed upon: India was to become a federation, safeguards regarding the security were to be established and other departments were to be changed.
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    Second Round Table Conference

    M.K. Gandhi attended this second RTC in representation of the Congress Party. Gandhi claimed that he spoke for the people of India, unfortunately for him, this vision was not shared with other delegates. Because of this and many other disagreements, there were no considerable results to the meeting.
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    Third Round Table Conference

    In this conference, neither the Labour Party nor the Congress were present. This meeting was not as productive as expected, but the results of all of the conferences was great. The result of these meeting was the Government of india Act, 1935.
  • Government of India Act

    Government of India Act
    Through boycotts and acts of civil disobedience, M.K. Gandhi was able to lead the people into greater political power for the Indians. In this date, the British country passed the Government of India Act which provided India with local self-government and limited democratic elections, but still not complete independence.
  • Quit India Movement

    Quit India Movement
    This movement was a civil disobedience movement led by M.K.Gandhi. They called upon the british and expected them to "orderly withdrawal from India". The British responded quickly to this movement. They arrested almost the entire Indian National Congress leadership, without a trial. Most of them remained in prison until India's independence.
  • Partition of India

    Partition of India
    It is in this date when the Muslims separated from the Hindus in India to create their own country of Pakistan, this was done under the leadership of the Congress Party. As you can see the country's flag resembles the logo of the Congress Party.

    On this date, the Indian Independence Act was signed. This act did not only give Independence to the country of India, but it also separated the Muslims from the Hindus in India to create the new country of Pakistan. Unfortunately, this separation did not stop the religious clashes between these two groups.
  • Assassination of Gandhi

    Assassination of Gandhi
    Gandhi had a achieved his dream of seeing a independent India, unfortunately, the struggles between the Hindus and the Muslims were growing with each passing day. They were getting more violent, it is because of this that Gandhi decided to fast as a motivation for the people to stop fighting. This did not stop them. On the day of his assassination, Gandhi was being taken to a prayer meeting when a Hindu, Nathuram Godse, shot him at point blank three times. This was the end of M.K. Gandhi's life.