The British Occupation of India

  • 1252

    The Influence of Marco Polo

    The Influence of Marco Polo
    Marco Polo journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire. He first set out at age 17, traveling overland along what later became known as the Silk Road. Upon reaching China, Marco Polo entered the court of powerful Mongol ruler Kublai Khan, who dispatched him on trips to help administer the realm. Marco Polo remained abroad for 24 years. He established first trade in India
  • 1453

    The fall of Constantinople

    The fall of Constantinople
    The Fall of Constantinople was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by an invading Ottoman army
  • 1498

    The Influence of Vasco Da Gama

    The Influence of Vasco Da Gama
    The Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama sailed from Lisbon on a mission to reach India and open a sea route from Europe to the East. After reaching Africa and India he was later sent back on many missions. H e further established trade with India.
  • Period: 1498 to 1502

    Vasco da Gama's journey to India

    1498: First time Vasco Da Gama reaches India. He sails around the Western coast of Africa before making it too Calicut, India. 1502: He returned back to India and got into a clash with the Muslim traders.
  • British East India Company

    British East India Company
    The British East India Company was formed in the year 1600. It took over all of India. Their main goal was to take over the spice trade that was monopolized by Spain and Portugal, until they were defeated in the Spanish Armada by England.
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    British East India Company Expanded

    The British East India Company expanded by creating their own army, expanding their trading routes. They Acquire their first territory in 1615 in Bombay.
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    Anglo French War

    It was fought between the Kingdom of France and the Kingdom of of England. The battle mainly occurred in the sea.
  • The Black Hole of Calcutta

    The Black Hole of Calcutta
    The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small prison or dungeon in Fort William where troops of Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war for three days on 20 June 1756. This dungeon was a hole with only 2 windows where a majority of these soldiers suffocated.
  • Battle of Plassey

    Battle of Plassey
    The Battle of Plassey was fought between the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal. This happened under the leadership of Robert Chive.
  • Regulating Act

    Regulating Act
    The Regulating Act of 1773 was an Act intended to overhaul the management of the East India Company’s rule in India. This is because the East India Company was in a serious economic crisis and the British knew they had to take over control of the company. The Act did not prove to be a long-term solution to concerns over the Company’s affairs. Which is why later they had to create the Pitt's Indi act.
  • Pitts India Act of 1784

    Pitts India Act of 1784
    The Pitt's India act came from the British Parliament to fix the Regulating Act of 1773. With this act, East India Companies political functions were different from its commercial activities for its first time.
  • Wells of Cownpore

    Wells of Cownpore
    Indian brutality to men, women, and children. The British counter with equal brutality. This further the tension between the British and Indian people.
  • Mahatma Gandhi

    Mahatma Gandhi
    Mahatma Gandhi was born
  • Formation of the Indian National Congress

    Formation of the Indian National Congress
    The Indian National Congress was formed to start a movement of Indian independence. They wanted to oppose the British rules. They told people to boycott British goods. When Gandhi came along, they ruled for nonviolent protest.
  • Sepoy Mutiny (First was of Indian independence)

    Sepoy Mutiny (First was of Indian independence)
    The East India Company had long had its own military, small numbers of Indians were allowed to serve in its armies. The Bengal Army was one of the army's made up of Indian natives. The rifle featured a greased cartridge, to use it, soldiers had to bite it open with their teeth. The problem was that word spread that the cartridges were greased with cow and pig fat. The Hindu and Muslim sepoys felt that they were being taken advantage of and this was the tipping point that caused the outbreak.
  • The Muslim League created

    The Muslim League created
    Muslim League, original name All India Muslim League, a political group that led the movement calling for a separate Muslim nation to be created at the time of the partition of British India (1947). The Muslim League was originally founded in 1906 to safeguard the rights of Indian Muslims by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Jinnah, as well as many other Muslims, feared Hindu majority rule so called for a separate place for Muslims
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    World War I

    The First World War plunged Britain into a savage, utterly destructive war. To maintain the war effort, Britain needed huge supplies of commodities and manpower. Being the biggest and the most populous colony, India got drawn into the conflict as a major source of men and material. The massive mobilization of resources from India affected India in various ways one being that they were stripped from many of their natural resources.
  • The Amritsar Massacre

    The Amritsar Massacre
    British and Gurkha troops went to India's holy city, Amritsar, and opened fire on Indian Nationalist and others. 379 people were killed and hundreds more were wounded. The troops kept firing until they ran out of ammunition. General Dyer made a rule a few days before that banned all gatherings in the city. He was the General who commanded the attack as well. Later on, Dyer was removed from his position because people were disgusted by the massacre.
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    Salt March

    Gandhi organized a walk to the Arabian sea to collect salt after the British put a ban on it. The British prohibited the selling and collecting of salt in 1882. Gandhi had only a few supporters the first couple of days, then it grew to around 60,000 people who followed him to the Arabian Sea. The trip was about 240 miles long. After this, many were arrested for carrying out the act, including Gandhi.
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    World war 2

    India sent troops to fight for Great Britain in WW2. They lost tens of thousands of forces in this war. WWII crippled Britain as well as many European countries to the point that they could no longer hold on to their colonies. This partially lead India's independence.
  • Partition of India

    Partition of India
    The partition of India in 1947 eventually accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan. Muslims had to relocate to Pakistan and Hindus got to stay in India. There was a lot of violence during this time and Gandhi fasted to try to stop the fighting.
  • Death of Gandhi

    Death of Gandhi
    Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30th, 2019. He was killed by a firearm.