Mahatma ghandi

Biography Mahatma Gandhi

  • Date of birth

    Date of birth
    Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India.
  • childhood

    Gandhi's childhood was like that of any other child in Colonial India, he lived in an austere, fair family environment, lacking in great ambitions. He was the son of Karamchand Gandhi, the diwan (prime minister) of Porbandar. His family was of the Vaisia ​​(merchant) caste. His mother, Putlibai, his father's fourth wife, had a great influence on his childhood.
  • mahatma gandhi marriage

    mahatma gandhi marriage
    Gandhi married Kasturba Makanji at the age of thirteen, who was his age and belonging to the same caste. Her marriage was arranged by her parents.
  • education of mahatma gandhi (lawyer, politician, activist)

    education of mahatma gandhi (lawyer, politician, activist)
    On September 4, 1888, less than a month before his 19th birthday, Gandhi traveled to London, in England, to study Law at the University of London, in this environment he learned about Western culture so prone to privileging individual interest over the collective; This approach leads him to know the thought of León Tolsto, who was definitive for the construction of the theory of non-resistance
  • mahatma gandhi in south africa

    mahatma gandhi in south africa
    In 1893 he accepted a one-year employment contract with an Indian company operating in Natal, South Africa. in which he worked as a lawyer. He was interested in the situation of the 150,000 compatriots who resided there, fighting against the laws that discriminated against Indians in South Africa through passive resistance and civil disobedience.
  • Indian Native Congress Party Foundation

    Indian Native Congress Party Foundation
    He extended his stay in South Africa, founding the Indian Party of the Natal Congress. Through this organization he was able to unite the Indian community in South Africa into a homogeneous political force, flooding the press and the government with allegations of violations of the civil rights of Indians and evidence of discrimination by the British in South Africa.
  • Gandhi's family transfer to South Africa

    Gandhi's family transfer to South Africa
    Gandhi returned to India for a brief period to take his wife and children to South Africa. Upon his return, in January 1897, a group of white men attacked him and tried to lynch him. As a clear indication of the values ​​that he would uphold throughout his life, he refused to bring his attackers to justice, stating that one of his principles was not to seek compensation in court for the damages inflicted on his person.
  • change in life of mahatma gandhi

    change in life of mahatma gandhi
    From this year, Gandhi changed his way of life to a much simpler and communal one. From then on, his methods of protest were non-violence and peaceful resistance.
  • imprisonments and punishments towards gandhi and Indian citizens

    imprisonments and punishments towards gandhi and Indian citizens
    Gandhi and multitudes of Indian citizens were imprisoned and punished not infrequently. This year, after protesting against an unfair tax, the South African authorities backed down and it was seen as a great victory for the Indian people
  • return to india

    return to india
    At this time, Gandhi had already changed his habits and lifestyle adopting the more traditional ones of India. At first he tried to launch a new newspaper and practice law, but was dissuaded by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who convinced him to pursue work of greater national importance.
    Gandhi and his wife traveled throughout India.
  • ideals

    In Champaran, a district of Bihar state, tens of thousands of landless serfs, day laborers and poor farmers were forced to grow indigo and other crops instead of the food they needed for their survival. To combat this imposition, Gandhi proposed a strategy of peaceful and non-violent struggle called satyagraha. The central idea of this strategy was “ahimsa”, a word that literally means “absence of violence”.
  • mahatma gandhi in world war i

    mahatma gandhi in world war i
    From this year he remained openly at the head of the Indian nationalist movement.
    In February 1919, he demonstrated alongside Great Britain in World War I. However, he soon went on to lead the opposition against the British upon learning of the Rowlatt Bill. This law denied civil rights to the Indians. Aware of this, Gandhi began a series of protests during these years that led to the English authorities detaining him.
  • india during world war ii

    india during world war ii
    India during World War II During World War II, Gandhi declared that India could not be part of a side that said it was fighting for democratic freedoms, while freedom was denied to India. Gandhi then drew up a resolution calling on the British to leave India immediately. Gandhi spent the entire war under house arrest.
    As the war progressed, Gandhi intensified his claim for independence.
  • mahatma gandhi was convicted

    mahatma gandhi was convicted
    Mahatma Gandhi was sentenced to six years in prison. He was released two years later, after being diagnosed with appendicitis.
  • fast

    He undertakes a fast that will last for 3 weeks, to acclaim for the unity of India that was shaken by the return of the confrontation between Hindus and Muslims.
    he stayed in a Muslim thing, cared for by doctors of Islamic conviction and a Christian missionary
  • violence in calcutta

    violence in calcutta
    Gandhi returns to jail and violence breaks out in Calcutta, approximately 100,000 people were arrested in the course of the disobedience movement, while Gandhi remained in prison; a conference is held in London in November 1930, without the congressional party being represented, which caused new disorders due to the economic havoc that civil disobedience was causing.
    Gandhi was released in 1931
  • gandhi and his wife were convicted

    gandhi and his wife were convicted
    London sent Richard Stafford Cripps as an intermediary to negotiate with the Nationalists, but when a satisfactory solution was not found, they radicalized their positions. Gandhi and his wife Kasturba were deprived of their liberty and placed under house arrest in the Aga Khan Palace.
  • death of mahatma gandhi's wife

    death of mahatma gandhi's wife
    While Gandhi and his wife were deprived of their liberty and remained under arrest in the Palace of the Aga Khan, Kasturba, Gandhi's wife, died while he was fasting for twenty-one days.
  • final independence

    final independence
    The British government agreed to grant independence on the condition that the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress resolve their differences. Gandhi at first did not agree that India was separated in two, although he concluded that internal peace would be achieved after the demands for the creation of a Muslim state were granted.
  • indian independence

    indian independence
    El día de la acción directa musulmana proclamada por la liga el 16 de agosto de 1946, se desato la violencia religiosa entre Hindúes e Ismaistas (más de 5.000 personas murieron en enfrentamientos) La Liga era popular en las regiones donde había una mayoría musulmana. Tras este suceso se proclama la libertad para la India.
    El 15 de agosto de 1947 fueron proclamados simultáneamente dos estados: India y Pakistán
  • gandhi death

    gandhi death
    At 78, when he went to pray, La Liga was popular in regions where there was a Muslim majority. After this event, freedom for India is proclaimed in the hands of the fanatic Nathuran Godse, who made one of the bravest and most courageous men in this world stop living.