Indian nation independence thingy

Anti-Gandhi Leaders of the Indian Independence Movement

By shevil
  • Beginning of the British Raj

    Beginning of the British Raj
  • Birth of Gandhi

    Birth of Gandhi
    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India.
  • Period: to

    Life of Gandhi

  • Empress of India

    Empress of India
    Under the Royal Titles Act of 1876, Queen Victoria was pronounced the Empress of India.
  • Founded the Indian National Congress

    The Indian National Congress was founded as a political body; however, it became the strongest foundation and most prominent organization influencing the Indian Independence Movement.
  • Birth of Subhas Chandra Bose

    Birth of Subhas Chandra Bose
    Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, India at around 2pm.
  • Period: to

    Life of Subhas Chandra Bose

  • Birth of Bhagat Singh

     Birth of Bhagat Singh
    Bhagat Singh was born in Jaranwala Tehsil, Pakistan.
  • Period: to

    Life of Bhagat Singh

  • Defense of India Act

    The Defense of India Act was formulated to give the British special priviledges and instructions to deal with revolutionary and German threats.
  • Subhas Chandra Bose Expelled

    Subhas Chandra Bose was expelled from Presidency College for assult and battery against a professor for 'racism' towards Indian students.
  • Jallianwala Bagh Massacre / Amritsar Massacre

    A crowd of non-violent , unarmed followers of Gandhi gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh garden for a public meeting were disarrayed and shot down without warning by British soldiers.
    Over 1500 Indians were killed during this massacre. while not one British soldier was killed.
    This was the event that commenced the Indian Independence Movement – the leaders of India decided that India required full independence, not just self-rule.
  • Noncooperation Movement

    Gandhi officially announced the founding of his Noncoopernation Movement to India.
  • Subhas Chandra Bose Joined the Noncooperation Movement

    Subhas Chandra Bose joined Ghandi's Non-Cooperation Movement.
  • Subhas Chandra Bose Began Working Under Chitta Ranjan Das

    Subhas Chandra Bose was personally asked by Ghandi to work under Chitta Ranjan Das, a politican in Bengal. While working under Chitta Ranjan Das, Subhas Chandra Bose achieved several leadership positions in the Noncooperation Movement such as youth educator and commandant to the Bengal Congress Volunteers.
  • Boycott Against Prince of Wales

    Subhas Chandra Bose organized a boycott against the visitation of the Prince of Wales.
  • Subhas Chandra Bose Imprisoned

    Subhas Chandra Bose was arrested by the British for revolution conspiracy and working with Gandhi's Noncooperation Movements. He was held in prison for 6 months.
  • Chauri Chaura Incident

    In the town of Chauri Chaura, there was a large group of non-violent protestors gathered for the Non-Cooperation Movement. However, it quickly turned violent as the British opened fire on the peaceful protestors. In retaliation, the once non-violent people set fire to a British police station.
    Over 300 civilians and 23 policemen were killed in the incident.
    This event caused the Non-Cooperation Movement to be shut down by the Indian National Congress.
  • Young Revolutionary Movement

    After the cancellation of the Non-Cooperation Movement, Bhagat Singh joined the Young Revolutionary Movement, which advocated the overthrowing of the British Raj through violence.
  • Subhas Chandra Bose Became Chief Executive Officer

    Subhas Chandra Bose was appointed he Chief Executive Officer of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation. Chitta Ranjan Das was the mayor.
  • Deportation to Burma

    Because of his frequent involvements with the Revolutionary groups, the British deported Subhas Chandra Bose to Mandalay, Burma.
  • Naujawan Bharat Sabha

    Bhagat Singh founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, an organization that encouraged radical revolutionary actions against the British Raj. The organization mainly recruited workers and peasant youth.
  • Return to India

    The British ended his deporation period and allowed Subhas Chandra Bose to return to India.
  • President of Bengal Congress

    Subhas Chandra Bose was elected the President of the Bengal Congress after Chitta Ranajn Das's death. While in office, Subhas Chandra Bose reformed the Congress that had been left in disarray after Das's death.
  • Bengal Volunteers

    Subhas Chandra Bose organized a group of people called the Bengal Volunteers. The Bengal Volunteers focused on assassinating various British individuals who were involved in the unfair treatment of Indians.
  • Formulation of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

    The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association was founded in New Delhi by Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Yogendra Shukla. The group favoured the use of armed struggle, terrorism and retaliatory strikes to overthrow the British Raj.
  • Lala Lajpat Rai

    Lala Lajpat Rai was a non-violent revoutionary leader in the Indian Independence Movement.
    When he was leading a non-violent protest in Lahore against the Commission, British police attempted to disperse the movement. However, a police superintendent, James A. Scott, also assaulted Lala Lajpat Rai and injuried him.
    A few days after the incident, Lala Lajpat Rai died of a heart attack, a result of the shock from the attack.
  • Revenge for Lala Lajpat Rai

    Bhagat Singh and three other revolutionaries – Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashekhar Azad – plotted the murder of James A. Scott, the man who assaulted Lala Lajpat Rai.
  • Assassination Gone Wrong

    Bhagat Singh commenced the plan to kill James A. Scott and hid outside the police station. However, he mistook John P. Saunders, the assistant superintendent, for James A. Scott.
    Bhagat Singh shot John P. Saunders, effectively killing him, but missed his real target, James A. Scott.
  • Bombing at the Hindustan Republican Association

    Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt detonated a bomb in the Hindustan Republican Association Building to stop the formulation of another Denfense of India Act. The bomb did not injure or kill anyone.
    Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt were arrested immediately after the bomb was set off. During their interrogations, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt revealed information about their planned assassination of James A. Scott and Bhagat Singh confessed to the accidental killing of John P. Saunders.
  • Death of Bhagat Singh

    Bhagat Singh was hung for the murder of John P. Saunders.
  • Exile to Europe

    After being arrested several times, Subhas Chandra Bose was forced into exile. He went to Europe, and during this time, he wrote a book (The Indian Struggle, 1920 - 1934) and discussed India's situation with other Europeans leaders.
  • Second Return to India & Arrest

    Immediately after ending his exile and returning to India, in 1936 Subhas Chandra Bose was arrested once again by the British, and released after one year in 1937
  • President of Indian National Congress

    Subhas Chandra Bose was elected the President of the Indian National Congress. He remained in power for 2 years – two terms. For his reelection, Subhas Chandra Bose won against a Gandhian rival.
  • Resignation from Presidency

    Subhas Chandra Bose realized that he could not succeed as President of the Indian National Congress without the support of Gandhi's followers; therefore he resigned from office.
  • The Forward Bloc

    Subhas Chandra Bose founded the Forward Bloc, an organization/political party that was focused on the people who supported radical revolutionary actions rather than Gandhi's peaceful movements.
  • House Arrest

    Due to his involvement with the Forward Bloc, Subhas Chandra Bose was once again arrested. He was placed under house-arrest with several guards watching him.
  • Escape to Germany

    Despite the guards around his house, Subhas Chandra Bose created a disguise and escaped his house arrest. He fled to Germany, where there were already many Indians gathered in Berlin.
  • Began Indian-German Radio Station

    While in Germany, Subhas Chandra Bose decided to spread the word on the situation of India. He began to broadcast on a German radio station called Azad Hind Radio. The broadcasts could be heard in 7 languages: English, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Gujarati, and Pashto.
  • Quit India Resolution

    The Quit India Resolution was established by the Indian National Congress to encourage all Indians to rise up together as one nation to ignore the orders of the British. It was a large scale call to civil disobedience, peaceful and non-violent.
  • Moved to East Asia

    Subhas Chandra Bose decided to move back closer to India, so he left Germany to reside in Tokyo, Japan.
  • Leader of Indian Independence Movement in East Asia

    Leader of Indian Independence Movement in East Asia
    Subhas Chandra Bose became the leader of the Indian Independence Movement in East Asia. It was under this leadership when he began to recruit men for his army. With Japan's aid, Subhas Chandra Bose built an army of over 50,000 men.
    This army was called the Indian National Army.
  • Began March Towards India

    The newly formed Indian National Army began their march towards India to fight the British.
  • Arrived in India

    The Indian National Army arrived in India, and the Indian and Japanese forces fought the British forces on Indian soil. However, because the Indian National Army at that time lacked air support, the Indian National Army suffered defeat.
    It took several years for the Army to recover from the defeat but nevertheless maintained its identity as India's first liberal army.
  • Death of Subhas Chandra Bose

    Subhas Chandra Bose died in an aircraft accident while trying to escape Southeast Asia. The airplane crashed in Taiwan, and Bose supposedly died in a Japanese hospital located in Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Royal Indian Navy Mutiny

    The The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny was a revolt by Indian sailors protesting against the food and working conditions in the British Army. Revolt began in Bombay Harbour but spread to Karachi and Calcutta where it was widely supported.
  • End of the British Raj

    End of the British Raj
  • Death of Gandhi

    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi, India by Nathuram Godse.