The British passed the Rowlatt Acts. As an act of protest, 10,000 Hindus and Muslims flocked to Amritsar in the spring. A huge festival took place in an enclosed square and they intended to fast, pray and listen to political speeches. Public meetings were banned and, under General Dyer, British troops slaughtered the Indian protestors. 400 died while 1200 were left wounded. Millions of Indians loyal to the British quickly became nationalists and the demand for independence became heavier.