HISTORY TIMELINE

Timeline created by sofialbanese
In History
  • 330

    CONSTANTINOPLE CAPITAL OF THE EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE

    The first Christian emperor of the Roman Empire moved his capital from Rome to Byzantium. The city was then renamed Constantinople.
  • 395

    DIVISION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

    DIVISION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
    The Roman Empire split into eastern and western divisions. The western half was overrun by invaders in A.D. 476. The eastern half survived as the Byzantine Empire until 1453.
  • 476

    FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

    FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
    corruption and immortality among the Romans themselves weakened the empire. The decline of the Roman Empire took centuries.
  • 481

    CLOVIS BECAME KING OF THE FRANKS

    CLOVIS BECAME KING OF THE FRANKS
    he began as the ruler of a small Frankish kingdom located on the present Germany. He became one of the most powerful rulers in western Europe.
  • 481

    THE FRANKS

    THE FRANKS
    they were a german tribe that in the 5th century began to develop a powerful empire. It became the largest empire in Europe during early medieval times.
  • 511

    CLOVIS DEATH

    he was the last good ruler. All his successors were incompetent. they were weak and immoral rulers.
  • 527

    JUSTINIAN AND THEODORA RULE

    JUSTINIAN AND THEODORA RULE
    Justinian ruled long and well. His success was due, in part, to hard work. Another reason for Justinian’s success was his wife, Theodora. She took an active role in politics.
  • 565

    THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE BEGAN TO DECLINE

    After Justinian’s death in 565, the Byzantine Empire began to decline. In 1453, it completely collapsed. This fall was sparked by an argument about politics and religion.
  • 570

    MUHAMMAD WAS BORN

    He was born in 570. His family had fallen on hard times, and when he was 7 years old he became an orphan.
  • 630

    MUHAMMAD STARTED THE ISLAMIC RELIGION

    Muhammad's mission was to teach to the people what God asked him to. People who accepted his teachings were known as muslims and their faith as Islam.
  • 632

    EXPANSION OF ISLAM

    By 632, when Muhammad died, Islam had spread across the Arabian Peninsula. Within the next 100 years, Islam surged west to North Africa, Spain, and southern France. It pushed east to the borders of northern India and China.
    Islam spread really fast. This was because their rules were harsh and oppressive.
  • 711

    MUSLIM INVASION OF IBERIAN PENINSULA

    A Germanic tribe, the Visigoths, had settled in the Iberian Peninsula, which includes modern day Spain and Portugal. During the Roman invasions of the Roman Empire.
  • 711

    MUSLIM INVASION TO THE ISLAMIC PENINSULA

    In the 7th century, Islam started it’s expansion towards Eastern regions, the islamic peninsula, through trade  encouraged by the development of the maritime Silk Roads. Muslims were known to have a commercial talent notably encouraged by Islam, as well as excellent sailing skills.
  • 718

    CHARLES MARTEL

    CHARLES MARTEL
    when the Frankish kings didn't perform their duties, Charles Martel, took complete control of the kingdom and became sole ruler.
  • Oct 10, 732

    BATTLE OF TOURS

    BATTLE OF TOURS
    At the Battle of Tours near Poitiers, France, Frankish leader Charles Martel, a Christian, defeats a large army of Spanish Moors, halting the Muslim advance into Western Europe.
  • 751

    PEPIN BECOME KING

    PEPIN BECOME KING
    He was father of Charlemagne. He had influence over nobles. He was much powerful than other kings.
  • 756

    DONATION OF PEPIN

    DONATION OF PEPIN
    He turned over to the pope a part of the territory in Italy that the Lombards had controlled. This became known as the donation Pepin.
  • 771

    CHARLEMAGNE BECAME KING

    CHARLEMAGNE BECAME KING
    He was Pepin's son. He expanded the Frankish lands into a large empire. He also extended bounds of Christianity. He also wanted to improve his education. He invented small letters.
  • 771

    CAROLINGIAN RENAISSANCE

    CAROLINGIAN RENAISSANCE
    Aix- la-Chapelle, capital on Roman cities, was the center of revival of learning.
  • 800

    CHARLEMAGNE WAS CROWN EMPEROR

    CHARLEMAGNE WAS CROWN EMPEROR
    Charlemagne traveled to Rome, while he was attending church services, the pope placed a crown on the king's head and crown him emperor of the romans.
  • 843

    TREATY OF VERDUN AND THE DIVISION OF CHARLEMAGNE EMPIRE

    The Treaty of Verdun, divided the Frankish Empire into three kingdoms among the surviving sons of the emperor Louis , the son and successor of Charlemagne.
  • 987

    FRACE

    france became a nation in 987
  • 987

    CAPETIAN DYNASTY

    The new Capetian dynasty in France which replaced the Carolingian family in 987 ruled over a disparate set of territorial principalities
  • Period:
    1000
    to

    THE GROWTH OF NATIONAL MONARCHIES

    It was the growth of Portugal, England, Spain and France
  • 1031

    FALL OF THE MUSLIM REGION IN CORDOVA

    The moors built up a Muslim Kingdom, called Cordova that reached a high level of culture.
  • 1054

    RELIGIOUS SCHISM

    Patriarch of Constantinople Michael Cerularius was excommunicated, starting the “Great Schism” that created the two largest denominations in Christianity
  • 1066

    BATTLE OF HASTINGS

    BATTLE OF HASTINGS
    It was a war between a king from France and a King from England. William the conqueror won this battle
  • 1066

    NORMAN DYNASTY

    The Norman dynasty is the family to which the Dukes of Normandy and the English monarchs belonged immediately after the Norman conquest of England and lasted until the Plantagenet dynasty came to power in 1154.
  • Period:
    1066
    to
    1087

    WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR REIGN

    William the conqueror was a king of England that stated with the idea of becoming a nation
  • Period:
    1066
    to

    FEUDAL TIMES

    Feudalism was in the Kingdom of England during the medieval times was a state of human society that organized political and military leadership
  • 1085

    RECONQUERED OF TOLEDO

    Alphonso I of Portugal was the son of a French knight who had helped the king of Castile reconquer Toledo from the Moors in 1085.
  • 1100

    UNIVERSITIES DEVELOPED IN CHRISTENDOM

    Universities developed in Christendom in 1100
    During the 1100s three factors encouraged the growth of learning in Christendom, the rise of cities and a wealthy middle class, church reforms and contact with Muslim learning. The earliest universities had no set courses of study, no permanent buildings, and few rules, they were usually uncomfortable.
  • 1108

    LOUIS VI

    Louis VI managed to reinforce his power considerably and became one of the first strong kings of France since the death of Charlemagne
  • 1129

    DECLARATION OF PORTUGAL AS AN INDEPENDENT KINGDOM

    Alphonso I declared Portugal an independent kingdom in 1129.
  • 1137

    PHILIP ||

    King Philip II of Spain, ruled one of the world's largest empires. He was also the King of England through his marriage to Mary Tudor for four years.
  • 1154

    PLANTAGENET DYNASTY

    The House of Plantagenet was the reigning dynasty in England between 1154 and 1399. After the last Plantagenet was forced to abdicate, the crown passed to two secondary branches of the dynasty: first the House of Lancaster and later the House of York.
  • 1154

    HENRY ||

    He was King of England from 1154 to his death. He was the first king of the House of Plantagenet. King Louis VII of France made him Duke of Normandy in 1150.
  • 1199

    JOHN |

    he was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. He lost the Duchy of Normandy and most of his other French lands to King Philip II of France,
  • 1200

    GROWTH OF CITIES

    Towns and cities grew during the high Middle Ages as the amount of trade increased between Europe and other continents.
  • 1204

    FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE

    An army of the west attacked Constantinople in 1204. This army captured, but could not hold, the city. Later, the Italian city of Venice took control of Constantinople. In 1453, it was captured by the Ottoman Turks.
  • 1204

    INCREASE IN TRADE

    in 1204, after the end of the Fourth Crusade, trade flourished between Middle East and Italian city-states. Large fleets of Italian ships sailed through the Mediterranean Sea and along the coast of France bringing luxury goods to England and Northern Europe. As international trade increased, towns grew, and as towns grew, international trade increased more.
  • 1215

    MAGNA CARTA

    It was a firm because there was a king that was cruel and they made him firm some laws like for example that the law was more important than him
  • 1226

    LOUIS IX

    he was known as Louis the Saint, he was the only King of France to be canonized in the Catholic Church. Louis IX was one of the most notable European monarchs of the Middle Ages.
  • 1272

    EDWARD |

    he was king of england from 1272 to 1307. Edward spent much of his reign reforming royal administration and common law.
  • 1295

    PARLIAMENT

    it was established by Magna Carta.
  • Period:
    1337
    to
    1453

    THE HUNDRED YEAR WAR

    War between France and England during very long 116 years
  • 1348

    BLACK DEATH

    BLACK DEATH
    The Black Death waned, and cities recovered. Populations increase throughout Western Europe. With the rise of towns and the expansion of commerce, a new class of people developed in Western Europe. These were called bourgeoisie. The economic life of the towns was regulated by organizations called guilds. The merchants and artisans had separate guilds, the bankers’ guilds, carpenters’ guilds, weavers’ guilds. The main purpose of it was to monopolize trade for members and to prevent competition.
  • 1425

    JOAN OF ARC

    Joan of Arc, was a young peasant girl who is considered a heroine of France for her role during the final phase of the Hundred Years War.
  • 1428

    BATTLE OF ORLEANS

    The Battle of Orleans, was one of the battles in the final phase of the Hundred Years War, in which Joan of Arc participated.
  • 1431

    DEATH OF JOAN OF ARC

  • 1455

    THE WAR OF ROSES

    The War of Roses was a civil war between members and supporters of the House of Lancaster against those of the House of York between 1455 and 1487. Both families claimed the throne of England, by common origin in the House of Plantagenet.
  • 1469

    FERNANDO E ISABEL GOT MARRIED

    FERNANDO E ISABEL GOT MARRIED
    In 1469 Ferdinand, the future king of Aragon, and Isabella, later queen of Castile were married. They fought for the unity of christianity.
  • 1478

    SPANISH INQUISTION

    Ferdinand and Isabella believed that national unity required religious conformity. They received the inquisition.
  • 1485

    TUDOR DYNASTY BEGAN

    The Tudor dynasty began with King Henry acceding to the throne of England
  • 1492

    RECONQUERED OF GRANADA

    The Reconquista, seceded and in 1492 Ferdinand and Isabella conquered Granada and united Spain.