British Literature

  • Period: 400 to Dec 31, 1485

    The Middle Ages

  • 476

    Western Roman Empire ends.

    When Romulus Augustus was forced to abdicate to the Germanic warlord Odoacer is cosidered as the fall of the great Roman empire in the West
  • Jan 1, 700

    Dream of the Rod

    Probably wrote in the 18th century
  • Jan 1, 1066

    Norman Conquest

    The Norman Conquest led by William I established the French-speaking ruling class in Enlgand. After years.
  • Jan 1, 1337

    Hundred Years' War

    The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and their various allies for control of the French throne.
  • Jan 1, 1348

    Black Death ravages Europe

    This was one of the first intances that the Black Death was in Europe. Many people in England dies because of the presence of this horrible and mortal disease.
  • Jan 1, 1381

    Peasants' Revolt

    The Peasants' Revolt, was one of a number of popular revolts in late medieval Europe and is a major event in the history of England. People's uprising briefly took control of London before being suppressed.
  • Jan 1, 1387

    The Canterbury Tales

    The Canterbury Tales
    Written by Geofrey Chaucer
  • Jan 1, 1415

    Henry V defeats French at Agincourt

    One early demonstration of the minlitary power and superiority that Engald had in previous centuries.
  • Jan 1, 1431

    English burn Joan of Arc at Reouen

    This event reminds me of the archaic, cruel, evil methods of "justice" used centuries ago.
  • Jan 1, 1455

    War of the Roses

    This was a war between two branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the houses of Lancaster and York, for the throne of England. Even though no roses where used at all, it is called like that because their heraldic symbols were a "red" and "white" rose respectively.
  • Jan 1, 1476

    William Caxton sets up the first printing press in England.

    I would think that this is one of the most important evenst for the Literature of the World! Whithout it, poets would have had to write many books and poems by themselves!
  • Jan 1, 1485

    Morte darthur

    Written by Geoffrey Chaucer and published by Caxton
  • Jan 1, 1485

    Accession of Henry VII

    The Accession of Henry VII inaugurates the Tudor dynasty as well as the 16th century.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1485 to

    Sixteenth Century

  • Jan 1, 1504

    Mona Lisa painted

    Michaelangelo paints one of the most famous paintings in history. "Mona Lisa"
  • Jan 1, 1508

    Michaelangelo paints Sistine Chapel ceiling

    This Michaelangelo's masterpiece, is a cornerstone work of High Renaissance art, and it contains nine scenes from the Book of Genesis like the Creation of Adam.
  • Jan 1, 1517

    Martin Luther's Ninety-Five Theses

    The Ninety-Five Theses, was written by Martin Luther in 1517 and is widely regarded as the initial catalyst for the Protestant Reformation. The disputation protests against clerical abuses, especially the sale of indulgences.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Cortes invades Mexico

    Cortes was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire, and was part of the generation of Spanish colonizers that began the first phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
  • Jan 1, 1547

    Accession of Protestant Edward VI

    After the death of Henry VIII, he was crowned at the age of nine.The transformation of the Anglican Church into a recognisably Protestant body occurred under Edward, who took great interest in religious matters.
  • Irish Rebelion Crushed

    The Second Desmond rebellion was the more widespread and bloody of the two Desmond Rebellions launched against English rule in Ireland. We can see the military and ruling power England at that time.
  • Failed invason of the Spanish Armada

    Once again, the naval power of England was very superior to those of other countries. In 1588, England crushed the Spanish navy and forced it to retreat.
  • Amoretti

    Written by Edmund Spenser
  • Ralegh's voyage to Guiana

    With five ships and their complements of sailors, Sir Walter Raleigh set out on his first known expedition to America. He was looking for Gold. But, even im his las voyage in 1617 he failed to find any.
  • Globe Theater opens

    The Globe Theater built in 1599 by Shakespeare, but was destroyed by fire on 1613. A second Globe Theatre was built on the same site by June 1614 and closed in 1642. A modern reconstruction of the Globe, named "Shakespeare's Globe", opened in 1997. It is an iconic structure for English poetry
  • The Passionate Shepherd To His Love

    Written by Christopher Marlowe
  • The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd

    Written by Sir Walter Ralegh
  • Plague

    This was just another instance were Britain was struck by the Black Death, and killed about 38,000 Londoners. Sadly, this same plague was also present in the 14th and 18th century as well.
  • Hamlet Published

    The play "Hamlet" contains one of the most quoted phases of all times; "To be or not to be."
  • Period: to

    Early Seventeenth Century

  • Gunpowder Plot

    This was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England, by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby. I remember we studied this during class, and I think is funny that the plan was sabotaged!
  • Sonnets

    Written by William Sakespeare
  • Galileo observes the heavens

    In the middle of a lost world full of wars, revolts, revolutions, murder and all the terrible human actions that have marked our past, I find very significant to find men like Galileo that invest their time and mind in exploring and understanding more about God's creation.
  • Slave Deus Rex Judaeorum

    Writtn by Aemilia Lanyer; includes "To the Doubtful Reader" and "Eve's Apology in Defense of Women"
  • King James Bible

    The first authorized version of the Christian Bible was first printed in 1611, and is one of the most common versions used these days.
  • The History of the World (Conclusion: On Death)

    Written by Sir Walter Ralegh
  • Epigrams

    Written by Ben Jonson; includes "To My Book," "On My First Daughter," "To John Donne," and "On My First Son."
  • Death of Shakespeare

    In April 1616, died one of the greatest poets that has ever lived. We read some of his sonnets in class and he was author of "Hamlet," a great tragic play.
  • Beginning of the Thirty Years War

    This was a series of wars principally fought in Central Europe, involving most of the countries of Europe. It was one of the longest and most destructive conflicts in European history, and it fought largely as a religious war between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire.
  • To the Memory of My Beloved, The Author, Mr. William Shakespeare, and What He Hath Left Us

    Written by Ben Jonson
  • On Shakespeare

    Written by John Milton
  • Holy Sonnets

    Written by John Donne
  • Songs and Sonnets

    Written by John Donne; includes "The Flea"
  • The Temple

    Written by George Herbert; includes "The Altar," "Redemption," "Easter Wings," "Jordan," "The Collar," "The Pulley," "The Flower," and "Love."
  • Areopagitica

    Written by John Milton
  • Poems

    Written by John Milton; includes "L'Allegro," and "Il Penseroso."
  • Lucasta

    Written by Richard Lovelace; includes "To Lucasta, Going to the Wars," and "To Althea, from Prison."
  • Execution of Charles I

    Charles engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England, attempting to obtain royal revenue, and he was executed because he was seen as a tyrannical absolute monarch. This event led England to the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth.
  • Cromwell made Lord Protector

    Comwell was an English military and political leader of Engladand. He was appointed Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland during the Interregnum after Charles I was executed in 1649.
  • Richard Cromwell made Protector

    After his father, Oliver Cromwell died, Richard was named as the second protector of England. The restoration period started when he fell from the power and Charles II restored the monarchy.
  • Charles II restores the throne,

    Charles II's father, King Charles I, was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, and Oliver Cromwell became a virtual dictator of England as a de facto republic. After Charles II spent nine years in exile in France, he he was received in London to public acclaim, and the monarchy was restored. This event maks the restoration period.
  • Period: to

    Restoration and Eighteenth Century

  • Great Plage of London

    This was another very sad moment for London. After the Black Death had passed, he Great Plague was the last major epidemic of the bubonic plague to occur in London.
  • Great Fire of London

    After the Great Plague was almost eradicated, fire stuck and destroyed the central part of London. After this incident, John Dryden wrote "London After the Great Fire, 1666."
  • An Essay of Dramatic Poesy

    Written by John Dryden
  • Dryden becomes poet laureate

    This event confirst John Dryden's skills as a poet. We aslo read his satyrical peom "Mac Flecknoe."
  • Poems

    Written by Andrew Marvell; includes "To His Coy Mistress," "The Definition of Love," "The Mower to the Glowworms," and "The Mower's Song."
  • Mac Flecknoe

    Written by John Dryden
  • A Discourse Concerning the Original and Progress of Satire

    Written by John Dryden
  • A Tale of a Tub

    Written by Jonathan Swift
  • Act of Union with Scotland

    With this act, he Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland were united into a single, united kingdom named "Great Britain."
  • A Description of a City Shower

    Written by Jonathan Swift
  • An Essay On Criticism

    Written by Alexander Pope
  • A Modest Proposal

    Written by Jonathan Swift
  • The Rake's Progress

    William Hogarth
  • The Dunciad

    Written by Alexander Pope
  • Marriage A-la-Mode

    William Hogarth
  • Death of Alexander Pope

    Alexander Pope is one of my favorite British poets. And his "Essay on Critisism" is my favorite poem so far! Probably the best poet that ever lived!
  • Death of Jonathan Swift

    It is a very weird, but funny poet of the 18th century. He wrote "Gulliver's Travels" and "A Modest Proposal" (Which we should probably consider in Mexico).
  • Rambler No. 4 (On Fiction)

    Written by Samuel Johnson
  • Rambler No. 60 (Biography)

    Written by Samuel Johnson
  • Begining of Seven Years' War

    In this great war that included several powerful continets, Great Britain was involved and had several issues with Spain and France.
  • George III succeeds to the throne

    He was the grandson of King George II. He suffered from recurrent, and eventually permanent, mental illness. In 1810, regency was established, and his eldest son, ruled as Prince Regent.
  • American War of Independence

    This was the result of the American revolution in order to break free from the British Empire, and was just one of a series of military conflicts involving the kingdom of Great Britain.
  • American Revolution

    This political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, led to several political events and wars involving Great Britain.
  • Lives of the Poets: Pope

    Written by Samuel Johnson
  • Death of Samuel Johnson

    We read the Rambler No. 4 (On Fiction) of this Romantic Period Poet.
  • Period: to

    Romantic Period

  • There Is No Natural Religion

    Written by William Blake
  • Songs of Innocence

    Songs of Innocence
    Written by William Blake; includes the "Introduction," "The Lamb," "The Chimney Sweeper," and "Holy Thursday."
  • Holy Willie's Prayer

    Written by Robert Burns
  • Lyrical Ballads

    Written by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It also had a second (1800) and third edition (1802).
  • France and Britain declare war againts each other

    One more military conflic for Great Britain. This is also another event that marks the Romantic period for having several revolutions, wars and kingdom related conflicts.
  • Songs of Experience

    Songs of Experience
    Written by William Blake; includes the "Introduction," "Holy Thursday," "The Chimney Sweeper," "The Tyger," and "London."
  • The Eolian Harp

    Written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • The Ryme of The Ancient Mariner

    Written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
  • Michael

    Written by William Wordsworth.
  • Lucy Poems

    Written by William Wordsworth; includes "She dwelt among the untrodden ways," "Three years she grew," "A slumber did my spirit seal," and "I travelled among unknown men."
  • French Defeated at Trafalgar

    This victory confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the previous century and the Royal Navy was never again seriously challenged by the French fleet in a large-scale engagement.
  • Abolition of the slave trade in Britain

    Britain, along with the US (1808), Mexico (1810), and Haiti (1804), abolishes slavery and gives one step foward into a more modern and free country.
  • Prince of Wales becomes a regent for George III

    George III, who started to reighn in 1760, suffered from recurrent, and eventually permanent, mental illness. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established, and George III's eldest son, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent.
  • War between Britain and the United Satates

    The great war of 1812 involved Britain once again in a military conflict. This was one more result of the American Revolution.
  • Written after Swimming from Sestos to Abydos

    Written by Lord Byron
  • She walks in beauty

    Written by Lord Byron
  • Kubla Khan

    Written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
  • Mutability

    Written by Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • To Wordsworth

    Written by Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • On First Looking into Chapman's Homer

    Written by John Keats.
  • On Seeing the Elgin Marbles

    Written by John Keats.
  • Ozymandias

    Written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Ode to a Nightingale

    Written by John Keats.
  • La Belle Dame sans Merci: A Ballad

    Written by John Keats.
  • Ode to Psyche

    Written by John Keats.
  • Ode on a Grecian Urn

    Written by John Keats.
  • Ode on Melancholy

    Written by John Keats.
  • To Autumn

    Written by John Keats.
  • Death of George III

    After about 10 years of being the prince regent, George III's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, succeeded his father as George IV.
  • To a Sky-Lark

    Written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • Keats Death

    John Keats was one of the main romantic poets along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley. After his death, he had become one of the most beloved of all England.
  • Death of Byron

    We read Byrons poem "She Walks in Beauty."
  • They say that Hope is happiness

    Written by Lord Byron
  • Period: to

    Victorian Age

  • My Lady of Shalott

    Written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
  • Porphyria's Lover

    Written by Robert Browning.
  • First Train in London

    With the introduction of the railroad, London was able to expand its comerce and transpotation, and have an extra boost in its economy.
  • Victoria becomes queen

    Her reign of 63 years and seven months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era.
  • Bright star, would I were stedfast as thou art

    Written by John Keats.
  • Sonnet to Sleep

    Written by John Keats.
  • A Song: "Men of England"

    Written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • England in 1819

    Written by Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • My Last Duchess

    Written by Robert Browning.
  • Ulysses

    Written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
  • Break, Break, Break

    Written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
  • Ten Hours Factory Act

    The so-called "ten hour movement", led mostly by members of the Anglican Church, rallied public support for the Bill. Many different groups supported the act, including many Quakers.
  • To Homer

    Written by John Keats.
  • Ode on Indolence

    Written by John Keats.
  • Sonnets from the Portuguese

    Written by Elizabeth Barreti Browning.
  • Tennyson succeeds Wordsworth as poet Laureate.

    This icon of the British literature, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with his Lyrical Ballads.
  • The Charge of the Light Brigade

    Written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
  • Andrea del Sarto

    Written by Robert Browning.
  • American Civil War

    The east was not the only part of the world that had serious problems, in 1861 the American Civil War started, and was a very sad dividing moment for the US.
  • Death of Prince Albert

    After Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gothaplunging, Queen Victoria's first cousind and later husband, died, he punged the Queen into a deep mourning that lasted for the rest of her life.
  • Opening of the Suez Canal

    The canal connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea allowing transportation and commerce between Europe and Asia. Another boost to the economy of both continents.
  • Idylls Of The King (The Passing of Arthur)

    Written by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
  • Lake Isle of Innisfree

    Written by William Butler Yeats.
  • First subway line in London

    Londons starts to grow economicaly and needs more transportation. London continues to develop itself.
  • The Sorrow of Love

    Written by William Butler Yeats.
  • Wessex Poems and Other Verses

    Written by thomas Hardy; includes "Hap," and "Neutral Tones."
  • Discovery of Radium

    One big discovery for the development of new technologies. It is one more of the events welcoming the 20th century!
  • Period: to

    Twentieth Century

  • The Ruined Maid

    Written by Thomas Hardy.
  • First wireless communication across the Atlantic

    This is a clear example of how the 20th century is marked by huge technological advancements.
  • Death of Qeen Victoria

    After 63 long years of reigning England, Queen Victoria leaves the throne for Edward VII, and gives an end to the Victorian century.
  • Twelve Types: Pope and the Art of Satire

    Written by G. K. Chesterton.
  • Heretics (On the Wit of Whistler)

    Written by G. K. Chesterton.
  • All Things Considered: Science and Religion

    Written by G. K. Chesterton.
  • On Lying In Bed

    Written by G. K. Chesterton.
  • No Second Troy

    Written by William Butler Yeats.
  • Period: to

    Reing of George V

    T. S. Elio's famous poem,"The Waste Land," was publishes in 1922 during George V's reign.
  • Odour Of Chrysanthemums

    Written by D. H. Lawrence.
  • The Convergence of the Twain

    Written by Thomas Hardy.
  • Channel Firing

    Written by Thomas Hardy.
  • World War I

    This is a very clear reflection of the change that society was going thrugh and it was also reflected in the literary works written during and after World War I
  • Prufrock

    Written by T. S. Eliot.
  • The Wild Swans at Coole

    Written by William Butler Yeats.
  • Poems

    Written by Gerard Manley Hopkins; icludes "God's Grandeur," "The Windhover," "Pied Beauty," "Hurrahing in Harvest," "Felix Randal," "Spring and Fall: to ayoung child," "Carrion Comfort," "No worst, there is none," "I wake and feel the fell of dark, not day," and "Thou art indeed just, Lord."
  • Piano

    Written by D. H. Lawrence.
  • The Second Coming

    Written by William Butler Yeats.
  • The Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles was one of the many treaties signed after World War I, reflecting a desire of peace and order during the early thwentieth century.
  • The Waste Land

    Written by T.S. Eliot
  • The Jurney of the Magi

    Written by T. S. Eliot.
  • Britain enters European common market

    One more example of Britain's latest develoments to become richer and more developed.
  • Women twenty-one and over granted voting rights

    Not only there are technological advancements, but also sociological ones.This is a clear picturo of how society is chnaging the way it looks at women.
  • Stock Market crash; Great Depression Begins

    Once again, things were getting worse around the world and the great depression is a good indication of it.
  • Come to Think: On Censorship of Literature

    Written by G. K. Chesterton.
  • The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower

    Written by Dylan Thomas.
  • Hitler comes to power in Germany

    After the Great depresion began, Hitler came to power and things began to get even worse. All these events helping to the burst of a new World War!
  • Lullaby

    Written by W. H. Auden.
  • As I Walked Out One Evening

    Written by W. H. Auden.
  • The Circus Animals' Desertion

    Written by William Butler Yeats.
  • In Memory of W. B. Yeats

    Written by W. H. Auden.
  • The Unknown Citizen

    Written by W. H. Auden.
  • World War II

    In the very same century, a second World Wars took place, and was the inspiration for many literary poems all arround the globe.
  • Learnign in War-Time

    A sermon preached in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Oxford,Autumn, 1939
  • Musee des Beaux Arts

    Written by W. H. Auden.
  • Little Gidding

    Written by T. S. Eliot.
  • Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night

    Written by Dylan Thomas.
  • Apollo moon landing

    Even though the 20th century is marked by 2 World Wars, it is also replete of many technologycal advancements that revolutioned human kind, and the apollo, is one great example of it.
  • Vikings start raiding Europe.

    Vikings explored Europe by its oceans and rivers through trade and warfare. In England the Viking Age began dramatically on 793 when Vikings destroyed the abbey on Lindisfarne.