History Timeline

  • Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain

    Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain
    POPULATION/SETTLEMENT: Explorer Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec in order to facilate the fur trade with the Amerindians. This region of the St. Lawrence River is very narrow. That's what gave Quebec it's name and made it easy to control river traffic.
  • The One Hundred Associates tried to populate New France,

    The One Hundred Associates tried to populate New France,
    POPULATION/SETTLEMENT: The King of France Mandated the Company of One Hundred Associates to populate New France. The compony attracted people, but it was well under the 4000 people projected.
  • Trois-Rivieres was founded by Laviolette

    Trois-Rivieres was founded by Laviolette
    POPULATION/SETTLEMENT: Champlin put Laviolette in charge of finding a seond settlement at the confluence of the St. Maurice and St. Lawrence rivers. The site offered easy communication and trades were not intercepted by the Iroquois.
  • Ville-Marie was founded by Maisonneuve

    Ville-Marie was founded by Maisonneuve
    POPULATION/SETTLEMENT: Even though the purpose of this settlement was to evangelize the Amerindians, it soon became a major trading post because of it's location in the heart of the Amerindian territory. It was renamed Montreal in the 18th century.
  • Monseigneur Francois of Lval

    Monseigneur Francois of Lval
    CULTURE: He was sent to New france by the Pope to direct the Canadian Church. He was the first Bishop of the colony. He got into some argumants with the merchants but had a very big impact on the colony.
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    Jean Talon's measures to populate New France

    POPULATION/SETTLEMENT: the first intendant, Jean Talon, implemented various measures to populate New France. He tried to immigrate different people. Ex: "Thirty-Six months", the "filles du roi", and the soldiers. He also tried to make people have more children to continue to populate New France.
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    The Royal proclamation

    POWER: This established a new political regime in the colony. The institutions it put in place were British and Protestant. This worried the French Canadians and the Catholic clergy. The Province of Quebec was directed by a British governor.
  • Hudson Bay Company was founded

    Hudson Bay Company was founded
    ECONOMY: Two French adventurers, Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard Chouart Des Groseilliers, explored Hudson Bay, where they had tried to establich the fur trade. Since they had no support from France, they turned to great Britain and founded the Hudson Bay Company.
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    The Beaver Crisis

    ECONOMY: Fur-related fashion was passé and the demand for beaver pelts decreased. Fur trading was too intense and the pelts piled up in warehouses in France. As a result, the King slowed down the fur trade. But it later regained it's strength.
  • Catechism

    CULTURE: The clergy had a Catechism printed in order to set the dogma of the Catholic Church in writing. The Catechism included the religion’s practices and the Catholic faith. It was first printed in France then in New France. It was presented in the form of questions and answers because it was designed for children and new converts. The Catechism of the Quebec Diocese was published in 1702 by Monseigneur St. Vallier, Bishop of Quebec.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    POWER/COUNTER POWER: End of the 7 year war. Montcalm and Wolfe are dead. The English win the war. All of New France is given to England except two islands: St. Pierre and Miquelon.
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    The Quebec Act

    POWER: This re-established French civil law permitting Catholics to hold public officers and the clergy to collect tithes. There were no representative institutions. Soon after, under the pressure from the Loyalists, a new constitution will be made.
  • The Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles
    POWER/COUNTER POWER: The treaty was signed when the British accepted the Americans' independance. Everything south of the Greats Lakes now belongs to the Americans. Loyalists had to move to Canada because they were kicked out after they did not help with the war.
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    The Constitutional Act

    POWER: Great Britain accorded it's new colony with a Legislative Assembly. This act also devided the territory into two: Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Each of these was given a government directed a governor (Lower Canada) or lieutenant (Upper Canada)