Dd935c6a 6e1f 468c 93ba f04de261cdbd

History of healthcare Cruz

By Isael%
  • Period: 4000 BCE to

    Early beginnings (4000 BC- 3000 BC)

  • 3900 BCE

    Disease Caused by?

    Disease Caused by?
    Disease was generally believed to be caused by supernatural spirits.
  • 3600 BCE

    Treatments for sick?

    Treatments for sick?
    They would treat the sick with herbs medicines, and plants.
  • 3100 BCE

    Medicines used today

    Medicines used today
    -Digitals come from the foxglove plant. Today it is given in pill form or can be given by injection to treat heart conditions.
    -Quinine come from the bark of cinchona trees. It controls fever, muscle spasms and prevents malaria.
    -Belladonna and atrophied re made from the poisonous nightshade plant. They relieve muscle spasms and GI pain.
    -Morphine is made from the opium poppy. It treats severe pain and is addictive.
  • Period: 2999 BCE to 399 BCE

    Ancient Times (2999 BC - 0399 AD)

  • 2900 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

    Ancient Egyptians
    -They were the first to keep accurate health records.
    - They were very superstitious and called on the gods to heal them. But mainly the priest acted as physicians
    - They used leeches to drain blood
  • 1900 BCE

    Ancient Chinese

    Ancient Chinese
    • The Chinese were the first to use primitive acupuncture. They learned to treat disease with stone tools.
  • 900 BCE

    Ancient Greeks

    Ancient Greeks
    • The Greeks determined that illnesses were natural and not spiritual
    • They did not allow bodies to be dissected
    • Hippocrates was considered the father of medicine. He kept records of diseases and sicknesses and determined that illnesses were not spiritual but natural
  • 100 BCE

    Ancient Romans

    Ancient Romans
    • They wore a mask filled with spice to protect themselves from infection
    • they were the first to have organized medical care, they sent physicians and medical equipment to their armies
    • They were one of the first to build hospitals for their ill
  • Period: 400 to 800

    Dark Age (400 AD - 800 AD)

  • 500

    Stopped the study of medicine why?

    Stopped the study of medicine why?
    • They stopped the study of medical science and only practiced in convents and monasteries, because they believe that life and death was in gods hands
  • 700

    How did they treat disease?

    How did they treat disease?
    • They treated disease by prayer and medication was considered custodial
  • Period: 800 to 1400

    Middle Age (800 AD - 1400 AD)

  • 1100


    Epidemics cause millions of deaths. Physicians have created vaccines for these epidemics.
  • Period: 1350 to

    Renaissance (1350 AD - 1650 AD)

  • 1450


    • They built universities and schools for research.
    • They accepted dissection of the body for study
    • They used the printing press to make books to study more
  • Period: 1501 to

    16th and 17th centuries (1501 AD - 1700 AD)

  • 1515

    Leonardo da vinchi

    Leonardo da vinchi
    • He studied and recorded
  • 1550

    Gabrielle Fallopian

    Gabrielle Fallopian
    • He discovered the Fallopian tubes
  • 1563

    Bartolommeo Eustachio

    Bartolommeo Eustachio
    • Discovered Eustachian tube
  • - William Harvey

    - William Harvey
    • He used his knowledge to understand physiology. And was able to describe the circulation of blood and the pumping of the heart.
  • Antoine von Leeuwenhoek

    Antoine von Leeuwenhoek
    • Invented the microscope, establishing that there’s smaller life. He also discovered bacteria’s.
  • Apothecaries

    • He started pharmacies for medicines
  • Period: to

    18th Century (1701 AD - 1800 AD)

  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    • discovered bifocals and found that colds could be passed from person to person.
  • Medical students learning

    Medical students learning
    • Students would go to lectures and laboratories, but would also attended patients bedside
  • Joseph Presley

    Joseph Presley
    • He discovered the element of oxygen, and also observed plants that use fresh air making it useable for presperastion
  • Edward Jenner

    Edward Jenner
    • Discovered a vaccine for smallpox
  • Rene laennec

    Rene laennec
    • Invented the stethoscope. The first one was made of wood. It increased the ability to hear the heart.
  • Period: to

    19th and 20th Centuries (1801 AD - 2000 AD)

  • Ignaz Semmelweis

    Ignaz Semmelweis
    -He discovered and researched the cause of childbed fever. He made hand washing an important practice for physicians.
  • Florence nightgale

    Florence nightgale
    • Was the founder of modern nursing for women and helped women study in the field of nursing.
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    • Was known as the father of microbiology. Discovered that there was tiny microorganisms everywhere. He created a vaccine for rabies in 1885
  • Ernst von Bergmann

    Ernst von Bergmann
    • He developed asepsis. He studied infections from wounds and such. Developed a wat to keep a germ free area for surgeries.
  • Robert Koch

    Robert Koch
    • He discovered many disease causing organisms. Also devolved the culture plate method. Introduced the importance of cleanliness
  • Wilhelm Roentgen

    Wilhelm Roentgen
    • He discovered X-Rays in 1895. This allowed doctors to look on the inside of the body without actually opening the body up.
  • Anesthesia

    • Before the 19th century people did surgeries without any drug. Anesthesia puts people into a deep sleep to stop pain.
  • Sir Alexander Fleming

    Sir Alexander Fleming
    • Found that penicillin killed life threatening bacteria. This was considered one of the most important discoveries in the 20th century
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    • Studied the conscious and unconscious parts of the mind. He determined that the mind and body do work together. This led to discoveries and understanding of physocomatic illnesses
  • Gerard Domagk

    Gerard Domagk
    • Discovered sulfonamide compounds. These were the first medications given to people.
  • Jonas silk

    Jonas silk
    • discovered that a dead polio virus would cause immunity to poliomyelitis. This virus paralyzed several thousands of people.
  • Albert Sabin

    Albert Sabin
    • Used a live virus against polio. The vaccine is used to immunize babies.
  • Francis crick ands james Watson

    Francis crick ands james Watson
    • They discovered the molecular construction of DNA.
  • Christian Barnard

    Christian Barnard
    • Performed the first successful heart transplant
  • Ben Carson

    Ben Carson
    • Performed hemispherectomies surgeries
  • Period: to

    21st Century (2001 AD - present day)

  • 5 Advancements in medicines

    5 Advancements in medicines
    1. Human Genome project
    2. Stem cell research
    3. HIV “Cocktail”
    4. Targeted cancer therapies
    5. Laparoscopic surgery