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History of Healthcare Bauer

  • Period: 4000 BCE to 3000 BCE

    Early Beginnings

  • 3900 BCE

    Disease Caused By?

    Disease Caused By?
    They thought the diseases were caused by bad spirts
  • 3600 BCE

    Treatments for sick?

    Treatments for sick?
    They ‘treated’ the sick by trying to exorcise the evil spirits. This basically means they tried to pray the sickness away.
  • 3100 BCE

    Medicines used today?

    Medicines used today?
    They used 4 main medicines; digitalis — a medicine that came from a foxglove plant, used to treat heart conditions —, Quinine — found from cinchona trees bark used to control some sickness —, Belladonna — a medicine found in a nightshade plant that can be used to relieve GI pain —, and Morphine — found from an opium poppy, used to treat severe pain—.
  • Period: 2999 BCE to 399

    Ancient Times

  • 2900 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

    Ancient Egyptians
    The first people to keep accurate health records. In the Egyptian culture the Priests would act as physicians. They also called upon God to heal them.
  • 1900 BCE

    Ancient Chinese

    Ancient Chinese
    First people to use primitive acupuncture therapies. Learned to treat different illnesses with stone tools.
  • 900 BCE

    Ancient Greek

    Ancient Greek
    The Ancient Greek were the first to discover that maybe the diseases might be natural. They used records to observe what could be causing illnesses. Religion prevented bodies from being dissected. Hippocrates based knowledge of anatomy off of what he could observe about the external body because dissection wasn’t used.
  • 100

    Ancient Romans

    Ancient Romans
    The romans were the first to organize medical care: They created public buildings for the sick in which physicians were sent medical equipment to care for the sick, doctors wore beaked masks with spices at the end to help eliminate odor and the spread of disease, and the government paid the Romans for their work.
  • Period: 400 to 800

    Dark Age

  • 500

    Stopped the study of medicine, why?

    Stopped the  study of medicine, why?
    The church believed that life and death was in Gods hands.
  • 700

    How do they treat disease?

    How do they treat disease?
    Primary treatment shifted from medicines to prayer. The limited amount of medicines they did use where herbal mixtures.
  • Period: 800 to 1400

    Middle Ages

  • 1100


    Millions of death caused from epidemics. The diseases (like Bubonic plague, smallpox, and tuberculosis) could not be controlled very well without much knowledge on vaccines or how diseases spread.
  • Period: 1350 to

    The Renaissance

  • 1450


    People started looking back into sickness and medical cases. Schools were built for research and dissection for the study of the body became accepted. Printing press and the publishing of books was developed further expanding research.
  • Period: 1501 to

    16th and 17th Centuries

  • 1515

    Leonardo Da Vinci

    Leonardo Da Vinci
    Studied and recorded the anatomy of the body. (Could draw good diagrams as an artist)
  • 1550

    Gabriele Fallopius

    Gabriele Fallopius
    Discovered the Fallopian tubes in the women reproductive system.
  • 1563

    Bartolommeo Eustachio

    Bartolommeo Eustachio
    Discover the tube that leads from the ear to the throat. Was named the Eustachian Tube.
  • William Harvey

    William Harvey
    Was able to describe the circulation of blood and the pumping of the heart.
  • Antonie von Leeuwenhoek

    Antonie von Leeuwenhoek
    Invented the microphone which established that there was life smaller than the eye could see. Found out the bacteria on teeth causes tooth decay. Germs that caused sickness were visible — not realized.
  • Apothecaries

    Early pharmacy’s were started. Engaged a flourishing trade of drugs and spices in the east.
  • Period: to

    18th Century

  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    Discovered bifocals (glasses) and that colds could be spread.
  • Medical students learning

    Medical students learning
    Students attended lectures and could observe patients at the bedside. When a patients would die they were allowed to dissect it and learn about the disease process. Resulted in a better understanding of of the causes of illness and diseases.
  • Joseph Priestley

    Joseph Priestley
    Discovered the element oxygen. Discovered that plants recycle carbon into oxygen to make it usable for respiration.
  • Edward Jenne

    Edward Jenne
    Discovered a vaccination against small-pox, this saved millions of lives. His discovery led to immunization and preventative medicine.
  • Rene Laennec

    Rene Laennec
    Invented the stethoscope. Provided a better ability to hear the heart and lungs and determine if a disease was present.
  • Period: to

    The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

  • Ignaz Semmelweis

    Ignaz Semmelweis
    Identified the cause of childbed fever which had caused many death in women after childbirth. Hand washing and cleanliness became an accepted practice.
  • Florence Nightingale

    Florence Nightingale
    Florence Nightingale founded Nightingale School of Nursing which brought in many to-be nurses who then raised the standards of nursing and led nursing to be a respectable job.
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Discovered that tiny microorganisms where everywhere. Discovered the microorganisms where the cause of disease when before it was believed that they was created by disease. Pasteurization kills bacteria in milk — still used today.
  • Dmitri Ivanovski

    Dmitri Ivanovski
    Discovered so diseases where caused by microorganisms thats can’t be seen under a microscope, called viruses.
  • Joseph Lister

    Joseph Lister
    Used carbolic acid on wounds to kill infection-causing germs. First doctor to use antiseptic during surgery to prevent infection.
  • Ernst von Bergmann

    Ernst von Bergmann
    Developed asepsis — a method to keep an area germ-free before and during surgery.
  • Robert Koch

    Robert Koch
    Discovered nay disease-causing organisms. Identified a method to identify pathogens and isolated the bacterium that causes tuberculosis.
  • Paul Ehrlich

    Paul Ehrlich
    Discovered the effect of medicine on disease-causing microorganisms. Brought about the use of chemicals to fight disease. He found a treatment for syphilis.
  • Wilhelm Roentgen

    Wilhelm Roentgen
    Discovered x-rays and took the first x-ray of his wife’s hand. Discovery allowed doctos to see inside the body.
  • Anesthesia

    Before anesthesia came along physicians had to get creative with the ways of reducing surgery pain. Sometimes mixes of herbs were used and other times patients were chocked into unconsciousness. Many patients would die of shock. Eventually, researchers discovered drugs that would but patients in a deep sleep to prevent surgery pain.
  • Sir Alexander Fleming

    Sir Alexander Fleming
    Found that penicillin killed life-threatening bacteria. Can cure illnesses that killed many people before its discovery. Some of these illnesses are: pneumonia, gonorrhea, and blood poisoning
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    Determined that the mind and body worked together by the discovery that there are conscious and unconscious parts of the mind. His studies were the basis of psychology and psychiatry.
  • Gerhard Domagk

    Gerhard Domagk
    Discovered sulfonamide compounds which were the first medications effective in killing bacteria.
  • Jonas Salk

    Jonas Salk
    Discovered that a dead polio virus would cause immunity to poliomyelitis which was a disease that could cripple and kill people. The vaccine saved many people.
  • Albert Sabin

    Albert Sabin
    Used a live polio virus vaccine which was more efficient and is now used to immunize babies.
  • Francis Crick and James Watson

    Francis Crick and James Watson
    Discovered the structure of DNA. Could explain how DNA replicates and how hereditary information is coded on it. They won a Nobel Prize in Medicine for their discovery.
  • Christian Barnard

    Christian Barnard
    Preformed the first successful heart transplant.
  • Ben Carson

    Ben Carson
    Pioneer in separating Siamese twins, performing hemispherectomies, and surgery’s on the brain to stop seizures.
  • Period: to

    21st Century


    These are functional MRI’s and unlike normal MRI’s, where you could see what the brain looks like, FMRI’s show you what the brain is doing.
  • Gene editing to cure disease

    Gene editing to cure disease
    With the advancement of gene editing diseases that are caused at the molecular level can now be looked at and potentially even cured with the use of gene editing. Researchers are targeting sickle-cell disease.
  • Completion of the Human Genome Draft

    Completion of the Human Genome Draft
    The first graft of a human genome was completed. With the replicate of human DNA doctors are able to get to work finding out what happens to out DNA when a virus or sickness hits which can help to find cures and vaccines.
  • Smart Pills

    Smart Pills
    Can communicate to the users of smart pills whether or not they took their medicine my communicating to a smartphone app. Can also be a helpful tool for doctors in determining the state of a patient
  • Acute stroke intervention

    Acute stroke intervention
    Pills and drugs can now me taken to break up clots and blockages in the heart in a hopeful attempt to prevent strokes and heart related problems.