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History of Healthcare Abendroth

  • Period: 4000 BCE to 3000 BCE

    Early Beginning

  • 3900 BCE

    Disease Caused by

    Disease Caused by
    Believed that diseases were caused by supernatural spirits and preformed exorcisms to try and get rid of the disease.
  • 3600 BCE

    Treatments for sick

    Treatments for sick
    Used exorcism to try and heal them and try and remove the cranium from the brain which was thought to also exorcise demons.
  • 3100 BCE

    Medicines used today

    Medicines used today
    Digitalis and is given in pill form, used to treat hear conditions. Quinine comes from a tree, used for controlling fever, muscle spams and can prevent malaria. Belladonna and atropine are from a nightshade plant, to relive muscle pain. Morphine comes from opium poppy, used for severe pain.
  • Period: 2999 BCE to 399

    Ancient Times

  • 2900 BCE

    Ancient Egyptians

    Ancient Egyptians
    Were the earliest people to keep legit health records, called the gods to help them, priests were their physicians and used medicines to heal
  • 1900 BCE

    Ancient Chinese

    Ancient Chinese
    Used stone tools to start out with acupuncture, still used today
  • 900 BCE

    Ancient Greeks

    Ancient Greeks
    Determined that many diseases has natural causes instead of spirits, did not allow people to be dissected due to religious reasons, wrote the ethics that doctors use today.
  • 100

    Ancient Romans

    Ancient Romans
    Created cleaner waterways, 1st civilization to organize medical care like sending physicians to war to help the wounded, created rooms and buildings for sick people to stay at and be cared for at.
  • Period: 400 to 800

    Dark Age

  • 500

    Stopped the study of medicine

    Stopped the study of medicine
    When the Huns took over the Roman Empire all medicine stopped, only preformed in convents and monasteries.
  • 700

    How did they treat disease

    How did they treat disease
    Prayer, they believed that God would make the right decision
  • Period: 800 to 1400

    Middle Ages

  • 1100

    Epidemics

    Epidemics
    The Bubonic Plague, Smallpox, Diphtheria, Syphilis, and Tuberculosis were very popular during this time.
  • Period: 1350 to

    Renaissance

  • 1450

    Rebirth

    Rebirth
    Restarting researching medicine again
  • Period: 1501 to

    16th and 17th Centuries

  • 1515

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    Studied the anatomy of the body
  • 1550

    Gabriele Fallopius

    Gabriele Fallopius
    Discovered the fallopian tubes
  • 1563

    Bartolommeo Eustachio

    Bartolommeo Eustachio
    Discovered the tube that leads from the throat to the ear
  • William Harvey

    William Harvey
    Discovered the circulatory system and how it works
  • Antoine von Leeuwenhoek

    Antoine von Leeuwenhoek
    Invented the microscope and germs
  • Apothecaries

    Apothecaries
    The first pharmacies
  • Period: to

    18th century

  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    Discovered bifocals and found that colds can be passed from person to person
  • Medical students learning

    Medical students learning
    Attended lectures, observed patients bedside, dissected bodies
  • Jospeh Priestly

    Jospeh Priestly
    Discovered oxygen, respiration, and the plants ability to “breath”
  • Edward Jenner

    Edward Jenner
    Discovered method of vaccination for smallpox
  • Rene Laennec

    Rene Laennec
    Invented the stethoscope
  • Period: to

    19th and 20th Centuries

  • Ignaz Semmelwies

    Ignaz Semmelwies
    Found the cause of puerperal fever
  • Florence Nightingale

    Florence Nightingale
    Took 38 soldiers to fight Chloera and was known for her dedication to nursing
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Known as the Father of Microbiology and discovered microorganisms
  • Dmitri Ivanovski

    Dmitri Ivanovski
    Discovered that few diseases are caused by microorganisms
  • Joseph Lister

    Joseph Lister
    Learned about Pastuers discovery and used carbolic acid on wounds to kill germs
  • Ernst von Bergmann

    Ernst von Bergmann
    Discovered asepsis
  • Robert Koch

    Robert Koch
    Discovered disease causing organisms
  • Paul Ehrlich

    Paul Ehrlich
    Discovered the effect of medicine on microorganisms
  • Wilhelmina Roentgen

    Wilhelmina Roentgen
    Discovered x-rays and how it works
  • Anesthesia

    Anesthesia
    Before 1925, physicians would use herbs, chokers, or even chloroform to try and put the patient in the least amount of pain possible.
  • Sir Alexander Fleming

    Sir Alexander Fleming
    Discovered that penicillin can kill very bad bacteria and was considered the one of the most important discoveries of the 20th century
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    Discovered the conscious and unconscious part of the brain
  • Gerhard Gomagk

    Gerhard Gomagk
    Discovered sulfonamide compounds that are effective in killing bacteria
  • Jonas Salk

    Jonas Salk
    Discovered that a dead polio virus would cause immunity to poliomyelitis
  • Albert Sabin

    Albert Sabin
    Used live polio virus vaccine which was shown to be more successful and is used today
  • Francis Crick and James Watson

    Francis Crick and James Watson
    Discovered the molecular structure of DNA
  • Christian Barnard

    Christian Barnard
    Did the first successful heart transplant
  • Ben Carson

    Ben Carson
    Does surgeries like separating twins and preforming hemispherectomies and help seizures from happening
  • Period: to

    21st century

  • Mental Health

    Mental Health
    Doctors and people are becoming more aware about mental health instead of physical health.
  • Non-invasive surgeries

    Non-invasive surgeries
    Surgeons are coming up with ways to keep the patient more safe than before by using noninvasive techniques like probes
  • Telemedicine

    Telemedicine
    Doctors are using this to make appointments, diagnosis and treatment services more efficiently
  • Genetic Research

    Genetic Research
    The possibility to delete a disease through genes
  • Unborn fetus’

    Unborn fetus’
    Advances in technology is making it easier to preform surgeries on an unborn fetus that is still growing in the womb to help it survive