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History of Health Care Waelchli

  • Period: 4000 BCE to 3000 BCE

    Early Beginnings

  • 3900 BCE

    Disease caused by?

    Disease caused by?
    Supernatural spirits
  • 3600 BCE

    Treatments for sick?

    Treatments for sick?
    They used herbs and plants as medicines.
  • 3100 BCE

    Medicines used today

    Medicines used today
    Digitalis: they come from the foxglove plant, it is given as a pill or by injections
    Quinine: it comes from the bark of the cinchona tree. It helps fevers, muscle pain.
    Belladonna and atropine: they are made from a poisonous nightshade plant, it relieves muscle spasms.
    Morphine: it’s made from opium poppy, it is an very effective medication for curing severe pain.
  • Period: 2999 BCE to 399

    Ancient times

  • 2900 BCE

    Health records

    Health records
    The people to keep the most accurate health records were the Egyptians. The Egyptians learned how to identify diseases.
  • 2900 BCE

    Who are physicians?

     Who are physicians?
    The physicians use medicines to heal diseases.
  • 2900 BCE

    How did they heal?

    How did they heal?
    They healed with leeches. Leaches main job is to drain blood because pulled blood around a wound can threaten the healing of the tissue, leeches are being used to restore blood circulation and treatment to help heal skin.
  • 1900 BCE

    Development of acupuncture

    Development of acupuncture
    People from the early Stone Age were the first people to use the primitive acupuncture. The early medical pioneers learned to treat a lot of different illnesses and diseases with stone tools. It is still in common use today
  • 900 BCE

    Illness cause Nature vs. Spiritual

    Illness cause Nature vs. Spiritual
    Physicians had a mission, and were housed in sacred temples of healing and they were the first to study the causes of diseases. They then discovered that illnesses may have natural, rather than spiritual causes.
  • 900 BCE


    In ancient times, religious custom didn’t allow bodies to be dissected
  • 900 BCE


    Hippocrates took careful notes on signs and symptoms of diseases not caused by supernatural forces.
  • 100

    Sanitation systems

    Sanitation systems
    Sanitation system brought clean water into their cities by a way of waterways and they built sewers to carry out waste
  • 100

    Organize medical care

    Organize medical care
    The romans sent medical equipment and physicians with their armies to care for wounded soldiers.
  • 100

    Hospital development

    Hospital development
    A hospital was one room for the ill and physicians were paid by the Roman government.
  • Period: 400 to 800

    Dark Age

  • 500

    Stopped the study of medicine, why?

    Stopped the study of medicine, why?
    The study of medicine was stopped because the church believed that life and death was in gods hands.
  • 700

    How do they treat disease?

    How do they treat disease?
    The primary treatment was prayer
  • Period: 800 to 1400

    Middle Age

  • 1100


    Epidemics caused millions of deaths during this period. Vaccines help control the disease.
  • Period: 1350 to


  • 1450


    The renaissance period saw the rebirth of learning.
    -the building of university’s and medical schools for research
    -the acceptance of dissection of the body for study
    -development of printing press and books, allows access to knowledge from research
  • Period: 1501 to

    16th and 17th centuries

  • 1515

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    He studied and recorded the human body, and he also made sculptures and showed small details in the body.
  • 1550

    Gabriele Fallopuis

    Gabriele Fallopuis
    Gabriele fallopius discovered the Fallopian tubes of the female anatomy
  • 1563

    Bartolommeo Eustachio

    Bartolommeo Eustachio
    Bartolommeo Eustachio Discovered the Eustachian tube ( tube leading from the ear to the throat
  • William Harvey

    William Harvey
    He used his knowledge to understand physiology, and he described the circulation of blood and the pumping of the heart.
  • Antonie von Leeuwenhoek

    Antonie von Leeuwenhoek
    He invented the microscope. He established that there is life smaller than what we’re seeing, he scraped his teeth and put it under the microscope and found bacteria that causes tooth decay.
  • Apothecaries

    Apothecaries In early pharmacies, in midieval England engaged a trade in drugs and spices from the east
  • Period: to

    18th century

  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin franklins discovered bifocals, and he also found that colds can get passed from one person to another
  • Medical students learning

    Medical students learning
    Students attended lectures in classrooms and laboratory’s but they also observed patients at bedside. When one of the patients died, they would dissect the body and they observed the disease process
  • Joseph Priestley

    Joseph Priestley
    Joseph Priestley Discovered the element oxygen and he also observed that plants refresh air that has lost its oxygen
  • Edward Jenner

    Edward Jenner
    Edward Jenner Discovered a method of vaccination for smallpox. His discovery saved millions of peoples life’s
  • Rene Laennec

    Rene Laennec
    Rene Laennec Invented the stethoscope. It increased the ability to hear the heart and lungs that allowed to determine if the disease was prevented
  • Period: to

    19th and 20th centuries

  • Ignaz Semmelweis

    Ignaz Semmelweis
    Ignaz Semmelweis identified the cause of childbed fever
  • Florence Nightingale

    Florence Nightingale
    Florence Nightingale is a caring nurse and leader
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
    Louis Pasteur Is known as the father of microbiology and discovered that tiny microorganisms were everywhere
  • Dmitri Ivanovski

    Dmitri Ivanovski
    Dmitri Ivanovski is a Russian microbiologist who did studys of mosaic disease in tobacco, first detailed many of the characteristics of the organisms that came to be known as viruses.
  • Joseph Lister

    Joseph Lister
    Joseph Lister Learned about pasteurs discovery that microorganisms cause infection
  • Ernst von Bergmann

    Ernst von Bergmann
    Ernst von Bergmann developed asepsis. He knew that germs cause infection
  • Robert Koch

    Robert Koch
    Robert Koch discovered many disease causing organisms. He developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
  • Paul Ehrlich

    Paul Ehrlich
    Paul Ehrlich was a German medical scientist known for his pioneering work in hematology, immunology, and chemotherapy and for his discovery of the first effective treatment for syphilis
  • Wilhelm Roentgen

    Wilhelm Roentgen
    Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays.
  • Anesthesia

    Before the 19th century pain was very serious. Surgery was performed on patient without anesthesia and instead they used herbs, hashish, add alcohol to relieve the pain of the surgery.
  • Sir Alexander Fleming

    Sir Alexander Fleming
    Sir Alexander Fleming found out that penicillin killed life-threatening bacteria
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    Sigmund Freud discovered the conscious and unconscious part of the mind he also studied the effects of the unconscious mind on the body
  • Gerhard Domagk

    Gerhard Domagk
    Gerhard Domagk discovered sulfanilamide compounds
  • Jonas Salk

    Jonas Salk
    Jonas Salk discovered that a dead polio virus would cause immunity to poliomyelitis
  • Albert Sabin

    Albert Sabin
    Albert Sabin used a real life polio virus vaccine which is way more effective
  • Francis Crick and James Watson

    Francis Crick and James Watson
    Francis Crick and James Watson discover the molecular structure of DNA based on its known double helix
  • Christian Barnard

    Christian Barnard
    Christian Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant
  • Ben Carson

    Ben Carson
    Ben Carson it’s a pioneer in separating Siamese twins and performing hemispheretomies
  • Period: to

    21st century

  • 5 advancements in medicines in this century

    5 advancements in medicines in this century
    1: HIV treatment
    2: functional MRI
    3: controlling heart disease
    4: targeted therapy and cancer treatment
    5: telemedicine