french regime timeline- samara

  • Oct 30, 1490

    reasons for first voyages to North America

    In the late 15th century, the Ottoman Turks blocked off the overland trade route to the far east. Since the Europeens wanted goods (ex: spices, precious stone, gold) a water route was the next logical choice. So they set out to find one.
    New inventions that made travel more enticing:
    caravel, compass, astrolobe, musket and cannon, new maps
  • Oct 31, 1492

    Columbus discovers America

  • Oct 30, 1534

    Jacques Cartier's first voyage

    He explored and mapped the gulf of St.Lawrence, reported what he thought was gold was actually fish, timber and furs.
  • Oct 30, 1535

    Jacques Cartier's second voyage

    He sailed up the St. Lawrence, reached Stadacona (Quebec). The nice natives showed the Europeans how to suvive the winter and scurvy. They returned with native captives.
  • Oct 30, 1541

    Jacques Cartier's third voyage

    He attempted to set up a colony (not successful). The missionaries attempted to convert the natives. France lost interest for 60yrs.
  • Who was interested in these voyages ?

    Merchants: to find riches
    Scholars: for discovery and learning purposes
    The clergy: to convert the native people to Christianity
    Super-power countries: to find more territory/ riches
  • Period: to

    French regime

  • King of France sent a voyage to establish a settelment (port royal)

    The King of Fance sent a voyage to establish Port Royal (which Samuel de Champlain was part of). It failed beacause of its position.
  • champlain returned

    He returned to establish a trading post near Stadacona (Quebec).
  • Laviolette established Trois- Rivierers

  • Maisonneuve established Montreal

  • Jeanne Mance founded Hotel- Dieu hospital

    first hospital
  • Marguerite Bourgeoys founded Congregation Notre Dame

    first school
  • Royal government of New Fance

    The company system was destroying New France so the king decided to implement the royal government.
  • Period: to

    Population increase because of Jean Talon's new policies

    1663--> 3000 ppl
    1760--> 70000 ppl
  • Frst intercolonial war ends with treaty ryswick

  • second intercolonial war ends with Treaty of Utrecht

  • third intercolonial war ends with treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle

  • Period: to

    7yrs war (fourth intercolonial war)

    This is the war that decide the future of new france. Fighting in both North America and Europe.
  • The people of New France were now known as "Canadiens"

  • Article of Capitulation

    The war in North America was won by the British but the war in Europe was still going on. so in the meantime they made the Article of Captulation
  • Royal Proclamation

    British take New France