First Nations & New France

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    Cartier lands in Newfoundland

    Cartier's voyages lend him from Newfoundland and Brazil as proof of Cartier's ability to "lead ships to the discovery of new lands in the New World". He was also the first European to describe and map. Jacques Cartier set sail from St. Malo in Brittany with 2 ships and 61 men.
  • Champlain establishes Port Royal

    Samuel Champlain played in the St Lawrence River area which thus earned him the title of "father of New France."
    His career in Canada began in 1603, on a voyage up the St Lawrence with François Gravé Du Pont.
  • Champlain establishes Quebec City

    Also known as "The Father of New France”, Samuel Champlain was a French navigator, diplomat, and the founder of Quebec City.
  • First Filles du Rois arrive in New France

    Also known as the "King's Daughters". They emigrated to New France under the sponsorship of the French government as part of the overall strategy of strengthening the colony.
  • Jean Talon, intendant of New France

  • Radisson and des Groseilliers reach Hudson Bay

  • King of England grants Hudson’s Bay Company a monopoly of trade in Rupertsland

  • Expulsion of the Acadians

  • Seven Years War

  • British conquest of Quebec

  • Treaty of Paris

  • Establishment of the Northwest Company and expansion of HBC trading postsinto the interior; voyageurs and Métis nation

  • First People cross into the Americas

  • Vikings land in L'Anse aux Meadows