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Expansion of Medieval Kingdoms

  • Jan 1, 1066

    Uniting England and Normandy

    William of Normandy defeats the English king Harold, ends the Anglo-Saxon rule of England and unites England and Normandy. Holy Roman Empire
  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to Jan 1, 1500


  • Jan 1, 1137

    Hundred Years War

    Hundred Years War
    1337 - 1443 - Hundred Years' War with England, this was a war ultimately won by the English, was very vloody and at times it was at a stalemate to the point that no one would win anything but more and more people would be killed. This was devestating to France as the economy Crashed and it was ultimately taken over by England after the war- France
  • Jul 26, 1139

    Portugal its own Country

    In 1139, the ruler of Portugal county, Afonso Henriques won a battle over the Moors, and declared Portucale a separate kingdom, with himself as king. IN 1179 the pope recognized Portugal as a separate Kingdom
  • Jan 1, 1147

    Second Crusade

    Second Crusade
    1147 Second Crusade led by Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III and by King Louis VII of France. This shows the early involvement of France as a unified nation fighting in a war for a cause they believed in. This set the tone that France was not a good country to be enemies with.- France
  • Jul 1, 1147

    Siege of Lisbon

    The Siege of Lisbon begins, after the armies of King Afonso I of Portugal were joined by the crusaders.- Portugal
  • May 23, 1162

    Thomas Becket

    Thomas Becket
    Becket was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury. Hoping that Becket would be loyal to him, Henry II wanted to have Becket to be a pupet for him in the church. However, Becket took his job very seriously and infact went on to diaprove of the king, his actions and lords that were lose to the King. Becket would later be killed after Henry II has three Knights kill him. -England
  • Oct 21, 1209

    German Ruler

    1208: pope Innocent III recognizes Friedrich II as legitimate ruler of Germany over emperor Otto IV Holy Roman Empire
  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    1215 - Signing of Magna Carta; English barons force John to agree to a statement of their rights. This limited the King's power and ensured basic rights to people under the law.
  • Jan 1, 1227


    Roman Emperor Frederick II was first excommunicated by the Catholic Pope because his growing empire threatened the independence of the papal states. Furthered a gap between the church and the crown Holy Roman Empire
  • Jan 1, 1257

    Democratic Beginnings

    German princes establish an electoral college to elect the Holy Roman Emperor This is an early repesentation of Democracy in the middle ages. Holy Roman Empire
  • Jan 1, 1272

    Portugal ends Reconquista

    Afonso III conquers Faro from the Moors, thus removing all Muslim communities from Portuguese soil and ending the Portuguese Reconquista.-Portugal
  • Sep 29, 1273

    Hapsburg Dynasty

    Rudolf I, King of Germany and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. He founded the Hapsburg dynasty Holy Roman Empire
  • Jan 1, 1279

    Cementing Borders

    Dinis signs a treaty with Ferdinand IV of Castile to define the borders between Portugal and Castile. Portugal no longer values conquering territory, they begin to focus on their own internal well being, economy and trading they are the first European Country to generally stop conquering territories at this time- Portugal
  • Nov 13, 1295


    Model Parliament of Edward I : knights and burgesses from English shires and towns summoned. First representative parliament in England
  • Jan 1, 1307

    Extermination of the Knight's Templar

    Extermination of the Knight's Templar
    The Knights Templar are rounded up and murdered by Philip the Fair of France, with the backing of the Pope- The knights templar who had helped in the crusades were eseentially betrayed by the French Crown here
  • Jan 1, 1307

    Capetian Dynasty

    The House of Capet, ruled France from 987 to 1328. This long dynasty determined how French Kings were chosen and how they would generally
  • Aug 13, 1346

    Battle of Crecy

    Battle of Crecy
    Edward III of England invades France with a large army and defeats an even bigger army under Philip VI at the Battle of Crecy. This shows the motivation of England to expand,
  • Apr 15, 1383

    Anarchy and Crisis

    In Portugal Civil war and political anarchy breaks out from 1383-1385, The crisis of '83-'85- Portugal
  • Oct 21, 1422

    King of England and France

    King of England and France
    Henry VI of England crowned king of France in Paris. After hundreds of Years finally England gains control of France giving a whole new level of power to the country. At this point, it is the most powerful country in the world.
  • May 30, 1431

    Joan of Arc Burned

    Joan of Arc Burned
    Joan of Arc burned as a witch at Rouen, she received no help from the French Crown as was burned at the stake, she was won of the most successful leaders of th Hundred years War
  • Sep 27, 1480

    Spanish Inquisition

    An inquisition was created to combat heresy and religious differences, this included torture and forcing Jews and Musims to convert to Christianity.
  • Mar 31, 1492

    Jews Expelled

    Jews were expelled from Spain by the Alhambra Decree. Religious differences were not tolerated in Spain in the middle ages. Spain
  • Jan 1, 1493

    Spanish Colonization of the Americas

    Spanish colonization of the Americas began. This shows Spain's need to branch out their territory and conquer, while their neighbor Portugal was already finished. They wanted more land and resources.- Spain
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Spain and Portugal along a meridian 370 leagues. This helped split up the newly discovered continents- Spain
  • Jan 1, 1499

    Italian and Spanish War

    Ferdinand allied with the French King Louis XII of France. Was one of the first times that Spain allied with France, this helped create international relations between the countries. Lasted until 1504- Spain