European Nations Settle in North America (the 1600s)

  • Jamestown is founded on the coast of Virginia by 100 English settlers

  • French explorer, Samuel de Champlain, founds the colony of Quebec.

  • An epidemic of smallpox, brought by Europeans, kills many native Americans on the New England coast

  • Pilgrims from England found an English Colony in Plymouth, Massachusetts

  • Henry Hudson, exploring for the Netherlands, claims land that will become New Netherland

  • The Duke of York drives out the Dutch in New Netherland. The Duke of York claims the colony for England and renames it New York.

  • King Phillip's War begins in Colonial villages of Massachusetts, between colonists and Native Americans.

  • Sieur de la Salle explores the lower Mississippi Valley river, and claims the valley for France and names it Louisiana in Honor of the French King Louis XIV.