Important Events of the Seventeenth Century

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  • Period: to

    The Seventeenth Century

  • King James I

    King James I
    He believed in "The true law of free monarchy" and alienated Parliament.
  • The Gunpowder Plot

    The Gunpowder Plot
    The conspiracy by English Roman Catholic zealots to blow up Parliament and kill James I.
  • King Charles I

    King Charles I
    He fought against the forces of Parliament and will be executed later in life.
  • The Ratification of The Petition of Rights

    The Ratification of The Petition of Rights
    Major English Constitutional document that sets out specific liberties of the common man that the king may not infringe upon.
  • The English Civil War

    The English Civil War
    England split into the Royalists (those who supported the crown) and Parliamentarans (those who supported Parliament) and fought to gain control.
  • King Charles I Beheaded

    King Charles I Beheaded
    The King's execution came as a shock to all of Europe. This execution helped to sustain the Royalist cause for many years to come.
  • Oliver Cromwell

    Oliver Cromwell
    A military and political leader known for his involvement in transforming England into a republican commonwealth. Set up the Barebones Parliament
  • The Protectorate Era Begins

    The Protectorate Era Begins
    Established a republican form of government.
  • The Restoration Period Begins

    The Restoration Period Begins
    Restored the English monarchy. Parliament could no more exist without the Crown than the Crown without Parliament.
  • King Charles II

    King Charles II
    Known as the Restoration King after Cromwell's Commonwealth period.
  • The Great London Plague Begins

    The Great London Plague Begins
    A major outbreak of disease in England. It resulted in many deaths throughout London and was one of the last widespread outbreaks in London.
  • The Great London Fire

    The Great London Fire
    This destroyed 80% of the city of London. However, it greatly diminished the Great London Plague.
  • King James II

    King James II
    Made provisions for the Decleration of Indulgence which was the first step of establishing freedom of religion in the British Isles.
  • The Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution
    King James II is overthrown by Parliamentarians with an invading army. Marks the end of absolute monarchy and the end of the English Civil War.
  • English Bill of Rights Ratified

    English Bill of Rights Ratified
    The re-statement of the Decleration of Rights presented by the Convention Parliament to William and Mary. This is the third pillar to the English Constitution.