476 ~ 1453

  • Period: 476 to Dec 31, 1453

    Medieval timeline Assignment

  • 511


    The founder of the Merovingian dynasty of Frankish kings, Clovis defeated the last Roman ruler in Gaul and conquered various Germanic peoples in what is today France. Although his Catholic wife convinced Clovis to convert to Catholicism, he was interested in Arian Christianity and was sympathetic to it. His own conversion to Catholicism was personal and did not force his peoples, but the event had a huge influence to the society.
  • 565


    Roman Emporer from 527 to 565. Justinian sought to revive the empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the classical Roman Empire. He was also the last emperor to speak Latin as a first language. One of the legacies he left behind was the uniform rewriting of Roman law, the Corpus Juris Civilis, which is still the basis of civil law in many modern states.
  • Jun 7, 732

    Battle of Tours

    The Battle of Tours, also known as the Battle of Poitiers was fought between the cities of Poitiers and Tours located in northern France. The battle was between the Frankish and Burgundian, against an army of the Umayyad. The Franks and Burgundian won the battle without cavalry. The battle is known as the decisive turning point in the struggle against Islam, a struggle which preserved Christianity as the religion of Europe.
  • Jun 6, 790

    Viking invasion (Beginning)

    The Vikings were a tribe inhabiting Scandinavia who wanted to possess the Southern Countries due to poor weather in their own land. in the early middle ages many still were raiding along the coast lines of Ireland and the British Isles, but they soon began to settle into colonies, began trading, and become part of the society. They added much to the history of the British Isles, France, Spain, and Russia in art, music, language, and the red hair that is still seen today comes from Viking ancesto
  • Jun 6, 814


    King of the Franks, and Emperor of the Romans from 800 to 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated a lot of westerm and central Europe. He cpmqiered Italy during his reign. The time of his ruling is associated with the beginning of the renaissance era. The "Song of Roland" is also a heavily fictionalised retelling of Charlemagne's retreating army and defeat to Basques in the battle of Roncesvalles.
  • Jun 6, 1054

    East-West Schism

    The great schism divided the state church of the Roman Empire. The church divded into what is known today as the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. Relations between East and West had long been embittered by political and ecclesiastical differences and theological disputes. Prominent among these were the issues of "filioque", whether leavened or unleavened bread should be used in the eucharist, the Pope's claim to universal jurisdiction, and the place of Constantinople.
  • Jun 6, 1088

    Norman Conquest of Engalnd

    The conquest largely removed the native ruling class, replacing it with a foreign, French monarchy, aristocracy, and clerical hierarchy. This, in turn, brought about a transformation of the English language and the culture of England in a new era referred to as Norman England.
  • Jun 6, 1088

    University of Bologna Founded

    in 1158 Federico I promulgated the Constitutio Habita, in which the University was legally declared a place where research could develop independently from any other power. The early western university would hire teachers paid by the church. Students could study mathematics, natural science, philsophy and much more. The university provided an educational institute funded by the church.
  • Jun 6, 1204

    Eleanor of Aquataine

    One of the most wealthiest and influential women in medieval Europe. As well as being Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right, she was queen consort of France and of England. Eleanor of Aquitaine is the only woman to have been queen of both France and England. She was the patroness of such literary figures as Wace, Benoît de Sainte-More, and Chrétien de Troyes. Eleanor participated in the Second Crusade and had fought for equality between men and women.
  • Jun 7, 1215

    Magna carta

    The Magna Carta is an English Charter issued in the year 1215. The charter had King John to accept that his will was not arbitrary, for example by explicitly accepting that no "freeman" could be punished except through the law of the land. The charter wad forced onto King John by a group of his subjects to limit his powers by law and protect themselves. The charter was an important part of the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional law in the English speaking world
  • Jun 1, 1324

    Marco Polo

    Marco polo was a Christian merchant from the Venetian Republic who recorded his travels in a book named "The book of Travels". He travelled to china with his uncle and father and worked for Kublai Khan, the Mongol emporer at the time for 17 years. When he came home to Europe, he brought the medieval Europeans their earliest information about China, their use of coal, money and compasses. He also brought back materials like Ivory, jade, porcelain, jewels and silk.
  • Jun 7, 1398

    Johannes Gutenberg

    Born on 1398, Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg was a german goldsmith, printer and publisher who introduced book printing. He started the Printing Revolution and is considered the most important event of the modern period. Gutenberg was the first European to use movable type printing, in around 1439, and the global inventor of the printing press. It played a key role in the development of the Renaissance.
  • Jun 1, 1431

    Joan of Arc

    Young french peasant girl who had heard the voices of god and made it her mission to crown king Charles VII. After winning the siege of Orleans, she came to be known as "The maid of Orleans". She led 5000 troops and took back Orleans from the English. Later she urges King Charles to be crowned in Rheims with 12,000 troops. Thus her mission has succeeded. She was later captured and burnt to death.
  • Jun 6, 1453

    Hundred years war (end)

    The Hundred Years' War was a series of wars waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet. he "war" was in fact a series of conflicts and is commonly divided into three or four phases: the Edwardian War, the Caroline War, the Lancastrian War, and the slow decline of Plantagenet fortunes after the appearance of Joan of Arc. the war gave impetus to ideas of both French and English nationalism, in the military, it saw the introduction of new weapons and tactics
  • Jun 6, 1453

    Fall of Constantinople

    The capital of Constantinople was captured by the Byzantine Empire in 1453. The end of this battle had marked the end of the Roman Empire, which had lasted for nearly 1,500 years. After the conquest Mehmed made Constantinople the Ottoman Empire's new capital. Several Greeks and non Greeks fled the city before and after the siege, migrating to Italy. It is thought that they helped fuel the Renaissance. Some mark the end of the Middle Ages by the fall of the city and empire