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Islam, Muhammad, Byzantine, and West African Timelines

  • Period: 330 to Jan 1, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    Originally split off of Rome, the Byzantine Empire outlasted Western Rome by over 600 years.
  • 500

    Nok's Iron (B.C.E.)

    The Nok villigers from Africa were the first to effectively use iron.
  • Period: 500 to

    West African Empire

    The West African Empire, which includes Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.
  • Period: 527 to 565

    Justinian's Rule

    Justinian the First becomes the ruler of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 570

    Muhammad's Birth

    Muhammad was born in Makkah. Near the same time, Muhammad's mother dies.
  • Period: 570 to Jan 1, 632

    The Islamic Foundation

    Muhammad's teachings built the foundation of Islam.
  • Period: 570 to Jan 1, 632


    Muhammad's life, from start to finish.
  • Period: 570 to Jan 1, 1492

    Islamic Empire

    The Islamic Empire, from start to finish. The Muslims are a big part of this group, praying to Muhammad and God.
  • Period: Jan 1, 603 to

    Persians vs. Byzantine

    The war between the Persians and the Byzantine.
  • Jan 1, 605

    Muhammad's Wife, Khadijab

    Muhammad marries Khadijab at age 25.
  • Period: Jan 1, 605 to Jan 1, 620

    Muhammad the Merchant

    At this time, Muhammad is a traveling merchant.
  • Jan 1, 610

    God's Prophet

    Muhammad travels to a mountain, where he becomes a prophet to God.
  • Jan 1, 610

    Eastern Roman Empire

  • Period: Jan 1, 610 to Jan 1, 622

    Gabriel, the Angel, Teaches Muhammad

    Gabriel teachs Muhammad the lessons of God.
  • Jan 1, 622

    Muhammad's Hijarah

    Muhammad and his group set on a religious journey, called the hijrah.
  • Jan 1, 624

    Battle of Makkans versus Muslims

  • Jan 1, 632

    The Final Pilgramage

    Muhammad's final pilgramage.
  • Jan 1, 632

    Muhammad's Death

    Muhammad dies shortly after his final pilgramage.
  • Period: Jan 1, 634 to Jan 1, 750

    Islamic Expansion

    The Islamic expansion period. This expansion was stopped due to the civil war between the Muslims, and some lost battles. The expansions included Syria, Egypt, NW Africa, Persia, Iraq, Spain, Jerusalem, and Baghad.
  • Period: Jan 1, 674 to Jan 1, 716

    Siege of Constanople

    The battle for Constantinople between the Muslims and the Byzantine Empires. The Muslims failed the attack, and the Byzantine Empire won.
  • Jan 1, 732

    The Battle of Poiters

    The Muslims attack France, but their attack failed.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abbasids Conquor Umayyads (Baghad)

  • Jan 1, 750

    Muslim Books

    Muslim bookmakers begin printing the Qur'an and other books of literature.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Islam and Water Power

    Muslims start to use water power.
  • Jan 1, 760

    The Umayyed Dynasty (Cardoba, Spain)

    The start of the Umayyed Dynasty in Spain, a conquered area of the Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Byzantine Empire's Peak

    When the Byzantine Empire reached it's highest point in their "legendary status."
  • Jan 1, 1076

    Kumbi Captured

    The Muslims capture Kumbi.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1096 to Jan 1, 1291

    Islamic Crusades

    Muslims fight crusades in the Middle East.
  • Jan 1, 1240

    The Mali Empire

    The Mande captured Kumbi and created the Mali Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1312

    The Ruler, Mansa Musa

    Mansa Musa becomes ruler of Mali.
  • Jan 1, 1325

    Timbuktu's New Mosque

    Al-Saheli builds a new mosque in Timbuktu.
  • Jan 1, 1350

    Arabic in Timbuktu

    Timbuktu becomes a center for the Arabic language.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Byzantine's Fall

    Ottoman takes down Constantinople. This ended the Byzantine Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1470

    Islam in West Africa

    The Islamic religion reaches West Africa due to trade.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Granada's Capture

    Spainish capture Granada, the last Muslim city in Spain.
  • Abu Talib and Khadijah's Deaths

  • The Dome of the Rock

    Muslims build the Dome of the Rock on top of Jerusalem, angering many Christians.
  • Ghana, the Rich Empire

    Ghana becomes a rich and wealthy empire.
  • The Final Persian War

    The final Persian war between the Byzantine and the Persians.
  • Period: to Jan 1, 630

    Truce with the Makkans

    The period of peace between the Makkans and Muslims.