WHAP Post Classical Timeline

  • Jan 1, 750

    MIDDLE EAST- Abbasid Caliphate

    A long lasting Islamic empire, the Abbasid empire was founded after taking back authority from the Umayyad empire. Their capital for the most part was set in Baghdad. This empire finally fell after being attacked by the Mongols and the Ottoman Turks.
  • Jan 1, 800

    EUROPE- Carolingian Empire

    The final form of the area ruled by the Franks, the Carolingian empire also was the backbone of the Holy Roman Empire and the French kingdom. The beginning of the empire is marked by the crowning of Charlemagne by Pope Leo III. They, in turn, helped protect the papacy.
  • Jan 1, 960

    SOUTH ASIA-Song Dynasty

    Emperor Taizu set up this long-lasting dynasty, which lasted and prospered until the fall to the Mongols in 1279. There was a ressurgence of Confucianism known as Neo-Confucianism.
  • Jan 1, 1066

    EUROPE- England

    When William of Normandy invaded England in 1066, he set up a feudal state in England. There were many ups and downs in this England, such as the Magna Carta in 1215 and then the devestation of the Black Death in 1348. They were highly Catholic (monasticism flourished) and had lot of different monarchs.
  • Jan 1, 1206

    ALL AROUND ASIA- Mongol Empire

    The Mongol Empire was the largest empire to ever exist on this Earth. Chinggis Khan and his successors conquered from Central Europe to the Sea of Japan. They then split into smaller entities, including the Yuan Dynasty, the Ilkhanate, the Golden Horde, and the Chagatai Khanate.
  • Jan 1, 1235

    AFRICA- Mali

    Sundiata, the sun prince, formed the kingdom of Mali after defeating rival tribes. Mali became an extremely prosperous kingdom.
  • Dec 18, 1271

    SOUTH ASIA- Yuan Dynasty

    After defeating the Song Dynasty, Kublai Khan declared the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, unifying China under Mongol rule. The dynasty lasted until 1368. It's capital city was Khanbaliq.
  • Jan 1, 1324

    MALI- Mansa Musa

    Mansa Musa, wealthiest person to ever exist, went on an extremely extravagant hajj, spreading his wealth across all of the Middle East. He spread so much wealth that the value of gold dropped temporarily.
  • Jan 1, 1345

    MESOAMERICA- Aztec Empire

    The Mexica people emerged after the fall of the Toltec empire. They founded their capital city, Tenochtitlan in Lake Texoco in 1345. Their culture was centered highly around blood sacrifices for religious and intimidation reasons. They were extremely militaristic.
  • Jan 1, 1438

    MESOAMERICA- Inca Empire

    Formed by Pachacuti in Cuzco, this empire stretched almost the entire west coast of South America and the mountainous regions surrounding it. While considered more peaceful than the Aztec empire, the Inca also did have a military and often had human sacrifices. They were conquested by the Spainiards in 1572.
  • TODAY- WHAP Theme

    I connect this to the WHAP Theme 4, the creation and expansion of empires. During the postclassical period, many modern superpowers began their empire in this era. England, France, Spain, Germany and Russia, for example, all became more important during this time. And there was plenty of war, such as the invasion of England in 1066, to expand different empires. And there was the spread of religion, as well, such as the Crusades and Spanish Inquistion.