Unit 2 to 5 Mueggenborg the genius, BIG Pappi

By RuizC
  • Period: 250 to

    Classic Mayan Civilization

    Cultural Diffusion
    high interraction with mesoamerica
  • Period: 254 to May 8, 651

    Sasanid Empire

  • 324


    imperial capital of roman empire,byzantine/eastern roman empire, latin empire, and ottoman empire
  • Period: 330 to May 8, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    The Greek part of the Roman Empire, after Rome split. The empire went though a decline and a revitalization before the Constantinople was finally captured by the Turks.
  • May 8, 622

    Foundation of Islam

    Muhammad, a trader by, um, trade, is seen as having been the last prophet of God.
  • Apr 8, 632

    split between Sunni and Shi'ite

    political views differ
    islamic and pakastanian
  • Period: May 8, 661 to May 8, 751

    Umayyad Caliphate

    Period in which Muslims take control of Spain and advance to India, but fail to take Constantinople in two attacks.
  • Period: May 8, 711 to May 8, 1492

    Muslims conquer Spain

    After the Roman Empire fell, Muslims moved in and took over. After a while, King Phillip II made Islam illegal.
  • Period: May 8, 750 to May 8, 1258

    Abbasid caliphate

    Reasonably tolerant; diverse population
  • Period: May 8, 1017 to May 8, 1325

    Seljuk Turks

    Adopted the Mohammedan region, formed Seljuk Empire. Defeated Byzantine emperor at the Battle of Manzikert, and captured Jerusalem, which led to the First Crusade. Overthrown by Othman, who later formed the Ottoman Empire.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1095 to Apr 8, 1291


    Roman Catholic
    Restore control of the Holy Land
    After East -West Schism and before Protestant reformation
  • Period: May 8, 1138 to May 8, 1193


  • Period: May 8, 1162 to May 8, 1227

    Genghis Khan

  • Period: May 8, 1206 to May 8, 1324

    Mongol invasions

  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    proclaim certain liberties
  • Period: Apr 8, 1230 to

    Mali Empire

    profound cultural influences on West Empire
    Customs spread through the Niger River
    Taxed all gold and salt that entered the borders
  • Period: May 8, 1250 to May 8, 1517


    A slave dynasty in Egypt who stopped the Mongols' movement in that region.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1312 to Apr 11, 1337

    Mansa Musa

    malian empire
    territory from ghana empire
  • Period: May 8, 1336 to May 8, 1405


    Turkic conquerer of Western, South, and Central Asia and founder of the Timurid Empire. Sought to restor the Mongol Empire.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1337 to Apr 8, 1453

    Hundred Years War

    house of Valois vs. hous of Plantagenet for french throne
  • Period: Apr 8, 1340 to

    Songhai empire

    Located in western africa-Located around the Niger River
    independent gold fields
    Very strong trade kingdom
  • Period: Apr 8, 1368 to

    Ming Empire

    Followed the collapse of the Mongol-yuan Empire
    one of the greatest eras of orderly goverment and social ability
    last dynasty ruled by the Han
    Has a vast navy and a army of one million troops
  • Period: Apr 8, 1375 to Apr 8, 1435

    Zheng He

    Diplomat,fleet admiral, and Hui-Chinese mariner
    commanded voyages to southest asia, south asia, middle east, and east africa
  • Period: Apr 25, 1394 to Apr 25, 1460

    Henry the Navigator

    Junior Prince of the Kingdom of Portugal.Responsible for the early development of European exploration and maritime trade with other continents.Founder of the Aviz dynasty.Fascinated with Africa, helped Gil Eanes, the commander of one of Henry's expeditions, become the first European known to pass Cape Bojador in 1434.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1400 to


    Intellectual Transformation
    Cultural movement
    Bridge from middle age to modern era
  • Apr 8, 1436

    Gutenberg press

    lawsuit because of lead type molds
    oil-based ink
    Gutenberg Bible
  • Period: Apr 25, 1469 to Apr 25, 1524

    vasco de gama

    A Portuguese explorer.Commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India.Considered one of the most successfulexplorers in the Age of Discovery.Governor of Portuguese India under the title of Viceroy for a short period of time.
  • Period: May 8, 1483 to May 8, 1531


  • Period: Apr 25, 1492 to Apr 25, 1503

    Christopher Columbus

    mariner who in the service of Spain led expeditions across the Atlantic,
    contact between the peoples of the Americas and the Old World
  • May 8, 1492

    Colonies of the New World

    begun with Columbus' expedition to the New World
    preceded by Vikings in the 11th century
    Spanish and the Portuguese
    European colonization led to the decimation of the native population, leading to the destruction of many civilizations.
  • May 8, 1492

    Triangle Trade

    A historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions. Transatlantic slave trade carried slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean/American colonies and the Europe Ex. Sugar Trade: Sugar to Europe, distilled to rum, Rum to Africa, traded for slaves, Slaves to America, used to attain more sugar. A method for rectifying trade imbalances between regions.
  • Period: Apr 25, 1501 to

    Safavid Empire

    It was an Islamic Empire was strong enough to challenge the Ottomans in the west and the Mughals in the east
    It covered all of Iran, and parts of Turkey and Georgia
    It suppressed all religions except Shi'a
    The Empire declined when it became complacent and corrupt
  • Period: Apr 25, 1504 to Apr 25, 1539

    Hernan Empire

    First he went to the island of Santo Domingo
    He became mayor of Santiago de Cuba and stayed there until 1518
    He became friends with the aztecs
    He took Montezuma hostage and asked for a huge ransom of gold and jewels
    He was made governor and captain general of New Spain in 1523
  • Period: Apr 25, 1517 to

    Protestant Reformation

    It reformed the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church
    Ended the unity imposed by medieval Christianity
    Martin Luther posted 95 theses on the church door in the university town of Wittenberg
    Luther argued that the Bible, not the pope, was the central means to discern God’s word
    Lutherism was created
  • Period: Apr 25, 1519 to Apr 25, 1522

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Magellan was a Portuguese sea captain
    He was the first to sail around the world
    Dicovered how big the Pacific Ocean really is
    Studied Columbus's maps
    He was killed when he took part in a battle between rival Filipino groups on the island of Mactan
  • Period: Apr 25, 1526 to

    mughal empire

    South Asia that ruled a large portion of the Indian subcontinent
    Descendants of the Timurids,
    The Empire was marked by a highly centralized administration connecting the different regions
    Declined rapidly weakened by wars of succession, agrarian crises fueling local revolts, religious intolerance, rise of the Maratha, Durrani, and Sikh empires and British colonialism.
  • Apr 25, 1543

    Scientific Revolution

    The intellectual movement in Europe
    initially associated with planetary motion and other aspects of physics
    that by the seventeenth century had laid the groundwork for modern science.
  • Period: May 8, 1552 to

    Matteo Ricci

    An Italian Jesuit priest, one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission. Explained Christianity through Chinese concepts, thus introducing Christianity in a revolutionary way. Indirectly influenced and helped shape the foundation of the Silhak movement in Korea.
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa shogunate

    The Tokugawa Shogunate was a feudal military dictatorship in Japan
    It was established by Tokugawa Ieyasu
    Their religion was Buddhism and Shinto
    Its emperors were Go
    Yozei and Meiji
    Its Shoguns were Tokugawa Ieyasu and Yoshinobu
    It was abolished during the Meiji Restoration.
  • Period: to


    He was an Italian physicist and astronomer-He built the telescope
    He found that the Moon was not smooth, but mountainous and pitted
    Believed in Copernicus' theory that Earth and all other planets revolve around the Sun
    He was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1633 because he "was going against the church" with his work
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    The last ruling dynasty of China. Preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed by the Republic of China. Became highly integrated with Chinese culture. Overthrown following the Xinhai Revolution, when the Empress Dowager Longyu abdicated on behalf of the last emperor, Puyi, on February 12, 1912.
  • Period: to

    Triangle trade

    The first route carried fish, lumber, and other goods from New England to the West Indies
    From the West Indies merchants carried the rum, along with guns, gunpowder, and tools to West Africa
    Here, they traded these items for slaves,
    they carried the slaves to the West Indies where they were sold
    The slaves were treated badly and lived in harsh conditions
  • Period: to

    Peter the great

    He centralised government
    He modernised the army
    He created a navy and increased the subjugation and subjection of the peasants
    Challanged Golitsin and removed both Sophia and Golitsin from power and ruled as Russia’s sole leader
  • Period: to


    Era in Western philosophy in which reason was advocated as the primary source for legitimacy and authority. Developed simultaneously in France, Great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Portugal and the American colonies. Culminated in the Atlantic Revolutions (especially the successful American Revolution). Less a set of ideas than it was a set of values, not really a school of thought or movement, but rather a simultaneous creation of new ideas
  • Period: to

    Toussaint Louverture

    Toussaint-Louverture was the leader of the Haitian Revolution
    military genius
    establishment of the independent black state of Haiti, transforming an entire society of slaves into a free, self-governing people.
  • Period: to

    French-indian War

    Great Britain and France in North America
    1754 to 1763
    Seven Years' War.
  • Period: to

    Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette

    ruled 1774 until 1791
    King of the French from 1791 to 1792
    Suspended and arrested as part of the insurrection of the 10th of August during the French Revolution, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of high treason, and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793
    He is the only king of France ever to be executed
  • Period: to

    Seven Years' War

    global military conflict between 1756 and 1763
    affecting North and Central America, Europe, the West African coast, India and the Philippines
  • Watt Steam engine

    first steam engine to make use of steam that it produced
  • Spinning Jenny

    The spinning jenny is a multi-spool spinning frame
    James Hargreaves in England
    reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once.
  • Water frame

    name given to the spinning frame
    water power is used to drive it
    credited to Richard Arkwright -patented the technology in 1768.
  • Period: to


    military and political leader
    he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

    political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century
    thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire
  • Storming of Bastille

    The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris
    Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man

    fundamental document of the French Revolution
    individual and collective rights of all the estates
    Influenced by the doctrine of natural rights
    the rights of man are universal
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in French and European history. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years.
  • Period: to

    Haitian Revolution

    period of conflict in the French colony of Saint-Domingue
    elimination of slavery
    founding of the Haitian republic
  • Whitneys Cotton Gin

    quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers from the seeds
    The fibers are processed into cotton goods
    seeds may be used to grow more cotton, to produce cottonseed oil, or, if they are badly damaged, are disposed of.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

    The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of the times.
  • Britain outlaws Slave Trade

    "An Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade". This act stopped the slave trade in Britain.
  • Invention of Telegraph

    transmitting and receiving messages over long distances telegraph alone now generally refers to an electrical telegraph
  • Mexican Independence

    Mexico and the Spanish colonial authorities
  • Period: to

    Congress of Vienna

    The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September, 1814 to June, 1815. settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Waterloo

    end to Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French
    marked the end of his Hundred Days' return from exile
  • Greek Independence

    also known as the Greek Revolution
    Greek revolutionaries between 1821 and 1830
    assistance from several European powers against the Ottoman Empire, who were assisted by the Eyalet of Egypt and partly the Vilayet of Tunisia.
  • Brizilian Independence

    political events occurred in 1821–1823
    involved disputes between Brazil and Portugal regarding the call for independence
  • End of atlantic Slave Trade

    A law freed all slaves brought in illegally after its passage and gave heavy fines on violators
    Denmark, Britain, and the United States all banned the importation of slaves
  • Period: to

    opium War

    Anglo-Chinese Wars
    First Opium War from 1839 to 1842
    Second Opium War from 1856 to 1860
    disputes over trade and diplomatic relations between China under the Qing Dynasty and the British Empire
  • Period: to

    Taiping Rebellion

    southern China from 1850 to 1864
    led by heterodox Christian convert Hong Xiuquan against the ruling Qing Dynasty
    About 20 million people died, mainly civilians, in one of the deadliest military conflicts in history.
  • Period: to

    Crimean War

    The Crimean War was a conflict fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of the French Empire, the British Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The war was part of a long-running contest between the major European powers for influence over territories of the declining Ottoman Empire
  • Period: to

    Sepoy Rebellion

    The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The rebellion posed a considerable threat to Company power in that region, and it was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858.
  • Emancipation of Russian Serfs

    first and most important of liberal reforms effected during the reign of Alexander II of Russia
    liquidation of serf dependence previously suffered by peasants of the Russian Empire
  • Suez Canal

    It allows water transportation between Europe and Asia without going around Africa
  • Period: to


    Leader of Indian Independence Movement
    Lawyer and risistant to tyrrany
  • Period: to

    Mao Zedong & Maoism

    Leader of CHinese Revolution
    Founding Father of Peoples Republic of China
    Theories of Mao and his communist beliefs
  • Period: to

    Indian Independence

  • Period: to

    Overthrow of Qing Dynasty

    By the early 20th century, mass civil disorder had begun and continuously grown, disrupting the Qing Dynasty Rule over China.
  • Period: to


    Assassination of archduke Ferdinand
    Allies v. Axis
  • Panama Canal

    joins the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
    Built from 1904 to 1914, annual traffic has risen from about 1,000 ships
  • Russian Revolution

    Destroyed Tsarist autocracy
    Creation of Soviet Union
    Bolshevik Goverment
  • Wilson's 14-point plan

    WW1 fought because of a moral cause
    Freedom of the seas
    no more secret diplomacy
  • Treaty of Versailles

    one of the Peace treaties to end WW1
    Germany accepting the cost of ALL damages
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    Originated in U.S because of stock market crash
    personal income, prices, profits, and tax revnue dropped
  • Period: to

    League of Nations

    paris peace conference
    maintain world peace
    lacked its own armed force
  • Period: to

    Hitler in power

    Facism in Europe
    Holocaust-Nazi party
  • Period: to


    Allies V. Axis
    Only use of nuclear weapons in warfare
    Capture of berlin-ended in europe
  • Period: to

    Cold War

    Communist world V. Western World
    Soviet Union created Eastern Bloc
    US and USSR disagreed of post-war occupation of Europe
  • Period: to

    Chinese Civil War

    Chinese Nationilist Party V. Republic of China V. Communist Party of China
    Split into to two parts- Republic of China( Taiwan) and Peoples Republic of China(mainland China)
  • Creation of Pakistan

    Independent muslim state
    started in northern india
  • NATO

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    Mutual Defence
    They protect ea other
  • Period: to

    Korean War

    South Korea(United Nation) V. North Korea (Peoples Republic of China)
    38 parrellel
  • Period: to

    Warsaw pact

    Treaty of friendship
    Response to NATO
    Paris Pacts
  • Period: to

    Great Leap Forward

    Communist Party of China
    Trying to turn to modern communist society
    agricultural Collectivization
  • Period: to

    Berlin Wall

    built by German Democratic Rpublic
    death strip-anti-vehicle
    Soviet dominated Eastern Bloc
    protect people from facsist elements
  • Period: to

    Bay of pigs Invasion

    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful action by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with support and encouragement from the US government, in an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro
  • Period: to

    Cuban Missle Crisis

    Brink-of-war confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over the latter’s placement of nuclear-armed missiles in Cuba that lasted from october 1962 to november 1962.
  • Period: to

    Juan Peron

    Eva Duarte
    Peronismo-Justicialst party
  • Helsinki Accords

    Political and human rights agreement signed in Helsinki, Finland, by the Soviet Union and western European countries
  • Period: to

    Islamic Revolution

    The Iranian Revolution (Islamic Revolution or 1979 Revolution) refers to events involving the overthrow of Iran's monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution
  • Period: to

    Iran-Iraq War

  • Period: to


    crushed by Chinese military with great loss of life
  • Reunification of Germany

    the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany
    Berlin reunited into a single city
    The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity
  • Period: to

    Stalins 5-year plan

    soviet union dissolved in 1991
    rapid economic development
    communist party
    Theory of productive forces
  • Period: to

    Nelson Mandela

    Nelson Mandela served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999
    first South African president to be elected in a fully representative democratic election
    Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist, and the leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress
  • September 11, 2001

    coordinated suicide attacks by Al-Qaeda upon the United States on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing everyone on board and many others working in the buildings. Both towers collapsed within two hours, destroying nearby buildings
  • Aswam Dam

  • USSR Disintegrates

    Mikhail Gorbachev-leader of the USSR
    attempt to modernize the economy and make the Communist Party more democratic
    breakup of the USSR and the end of the one-party Communist rule
    collapse of the well-known Iron Curtain and the end of the Communist rule
  • Period: to

    Sui Empire

    Unified china in the 6th century.Prededed northern and southern dynasties.
  • Period: to

    Tang Empire

    Imperial Dyneasty of china
    Preceded by the Sui Dynasty
    Equal/surpassed the Han Dynasty-a goldden age
  • Period: to Apr 8, 1279

    Song Empire

    Followed by the Yuan Dynasty
    First goverment to use banknotes or paper money
    First use of gunpowder
  • Period: to Apr 8, 1235

    Ghana Empire

    Gold, ivory trade, and salt -traded to north afriaca, middle east, and europe for manufactured goods
    complex societies
    encouraged territorial expansion for trade routes
  • Period: to

    Establishment of Holy Roman Empire

    Division of land
    Eastern part streched from Eider River in the north of the mediteranean coast in the south
  • Period: to May 8, 1349

    Kievan Russia

    Christian period in Russia, led by Vladimir, Grand Duke of Kiev. It was ended when Mongols destroyed Kiev.