AP Euro Timeline

By ShayneM
  • 1453

    Fall of Byzantine Empire

    Fall of Byzantine Empire
    One of the leading civilizations before it fell to eh Ottoman Turks in the 15th century.
  • 1486

    Oration of the Dignity of Man

    Oration of the Dignity of Man
    A famous public discourse by Pico della Mirandola.
  • 1492

    Columbus' First Voyage

    Columbus' First Voyage
    Explored an all-water route to Asia.
  • 1517

    95 Theses

    95 Theses
    A stepping stone to amplify Protestant ideas like Luthranism and later to Calvinism
  • 1519

    Cortes conquers Aztecs

    Cortes conquers Aztecs
    Hernando Cortes overthrew the Aztecs with the support of more than 100,000 native people.
  • 1534

    Act of Supremacy

    Act of Supremacy
    King Henery Vlll is made the head of the church in England causing the papal church to be over.
  • 1543

    On the Revolution of Heavenly Spheres

  • 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    Reformed ideas of the Catholic church and allowed people to still relate to them in the time of Protestant expansion.
  • 1555

    Peace of Ausburg

    Peace of Ausburg
    Ended conflict between German Lutherans and Catholics. Let rulers choose the religion of their state.
  • Edict of Nantes

    Edict of Nantes
    It created a bit of religious freedom for the protestants but ultimately led the Calvinists to be frustrated and want more.
  • Defenestration of Prague

    Defenestration of Prague
    It set off the 30 years war and set the stage for the next religious wars.
  • English Civil War

    English Civil War
    It changed the relationship between the government and the nation. Parliament made England into a republic which caused it to fail.
  • Peace of Westphalia

    Peace of Westphalia
    The Netherlands gained freedom from Spain and this became a turning point in Europes religious diversity.
  • Ottoman Siege of Vienna

    Ottoman Siege of Vienna
    The ottomans loss altered Europe's view of them and it marked the end of the Turks expansion.
  • Principia

    Principia
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    it led to limiting the power of the king and provided protection for English subjects.
  • Essay Concerning Human Understanding

    Essay Concerning Human Understanding
  • Peace of Utrecht

    Peace of Utrecht
    It helped balance power and helped relations between rulers in Europe.
  • Seven Years War

    Seven Years War
  • The Social Contract

    The Social Contract
  • Invention of the Steam Engine

    Invention of the Steam Engine
    -Kickstarted the Industrial Revolution
    -Made transporting goods easier which was good for free trade
    -Brought new thoughts to the table about how workers should be treated
  • Wealth of Nations

    Wealth of Nations
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    -declaration of the rights of man and of citizen
    -storming of Bastille
    -started the women's march to Versaille so Louis would sign the declaration
  • Reign of Terror

    Reign of Terror
    -Famine, unemployment, and inflation
    -16,000 executed by guillotine
    -Improved the French army
  • Napoleon's Coup

    Napoleon's Coup
    -ended the french revolution
  • Napoleon's Invasion of Russia

    Napoleon's Invasion of Russia
    -stopped Napoleon's march across Europe
    - He was exiled to Elba
    -France Implemented a constitutional monarchy
  • Congress of Vienna

    Congress of Vienna
    -created a balance of power and fixed borders after the Napoleonic code
    -Frances royal family was restored
    -encouraged conservative ideals and everyone agreed to keep Franc in check
  • 1848 Revolutions

    1848 Revolutions
    -abolished feudalism in Austria and Germany
    -Created new forms of government in the rest of Europe
    -Napolean created a short-lived republic in France for 4 years
  • Crimean War

    Crimean War
    -Russia started to modernize due to their loss
    -Russian prestige declined
    -Concert of Europe was damaged
  • Austro-Prussian War

    Austro-Prussian War
    -Powershift between German states away from Austria
    -Formation of Austria-Hungary
    -End of German Confederation
  • Franco-Prussian War

    Franco-Prussian War
    -Unified Germany (except for Austria)
    -Papal States were now under Kindom of Italy
    -Italian unification furthered nationalism
  • Second Industrial Revolution

    Second Industrial Revolution
    -Bigger wealth gap between the middle class and working class
    -Mortality rate increase due to better sanitization
    -More time for leisure activities like sports and shopping
  • Period: to

    Berlin Conference

    -regulated colonization
    -Scramble for Africa
    -created new exports
  • Great Depression

    Great Depression
    -oppression against Jews, socialists, and communists
    -left people malnurished, poor and homeless, caused investors to pull money out of Germany and demand repayment of loans
  • Hitler appointed Chancellor

    Hitler appointed Chancellor
    -Hitler had the power to make new laws with no one else
    -He outlawed other political parties to get rid of enimies
    -Led to Night of Long Knives
  • Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War
    -Inspired Picasso's mural "Guermic"
    - affected economy and set back trade industries
    -Germany tested machinery which would be important in WW2
  • Nazi Invasion of Poland

    Nazi Invasion of Poland
    -France and Britain declared war on Germany
    -Russia then annexed neutral territories
    -Hitler split Poland and gave it to other countries
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    -killed off more than 3 million USSR soldiers
    -turning point in the war because the Germans failed to defeat the Soviets
    -Germany suffered many casualties
  • End of WWII

    End of WWII
    -Left millions of homeless
    -divided Germany into 4 divisions which cause problems in the Cold war
    -Affected power balance in Europe and made US an economic superpower
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    -solidified the division of Europe
    -NATO was created
    -west Germany and east Germany were established as two different counrties
  • Hungarian Rebellion

    Hungarian Rebellion
    -the most violent uprising in the European break from communism
    -over 5000 Hungarians and 1000 Soviet troops killed
    -the revolution was repressed by the Soviets
  • Prague Spring

    Prague Spring
    -Dubcek liberalized communism and loosened restrictions
    -this led to revolutions and outbreaks
    -ended in a Soviet invasion
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    -it showed the increase in anti-communism
    -led to free elections
    -economic reforms happened quickly throughout Eastern Europe
  • End of the USSR

    End of the USSR
    -Adoption of more liberal policies
    -Independence of the 15 republics withing the Soviet Union
    -An economic crisis throughout Europe
  • Maastricht Treaty

    Maastricht Treaty
    -The EU was formed
    -Helped reunite European countries and repaired economies
    -Made countries so dependant on each other that was seemed out of the picture and unnecessary