Trade developments and networks by way of the Indian Ocean

Timeline created by bmitchell016
In History
  • Period:
    5,000 BCE
    to
    1,000 BCE

    The beginning of Trade

    Between 5,000 to 1,000 BCE, while considered the Ancient Era, was ultimately when trade began to emerge along the coasts and rivers of the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean system developed out of the gradual integration of earlier regional networks.
  • Period:
    2,800 BCE
    to
    300

    Ubar and Incense Trade

    Ubar is believed to have been one of the biggest cities for incense transport and sale from around 2800 BCE to 300 CE. The incense trade began as early as 5000 BCE by sea and land from here.
  • 1,000 BCE

    The Classical Period beginnings

    The Classical Period beginnings
    The trade in the Indian Ocean is more evident during this time frame because of the artifacts and records that are able to tell us so. Mariners were more confident in their voyages as monsoon wind patterns became well established and navigation was better understood.
  • 1,000 BCE

    First of the Goods

    First of the Goods
    Arab ships are known to have sailed directly from Southern Arabia to India and back. Around this same time, Austronesian mariners also reached India and settled on the East African island of Madagascar. Evidence comes from the Malagasy language, crops like banana, coconut, and yam were first of the trade.
  • 1,000 BCE

    Identifying Trade Networks

    Identifying Trade Networks
    The trade in the Indian Ocean span from Southeast Asia, Arabia, India, and East Africa. Eventually, trade included China, growing the trade industry even more.
  • -700 BCE

    Indigo

    Indigo
    The Indigo plant was a valuable plant found in documents as early as 700 BCE, in Babylon, and also later mentioned in Greek and Roman sources. It became a popular trade, as the Chinese used it to dye their silks.
  • -600 BCE

    Currency

    Currency
    The Greek coin currency was introduced and used in trade.
  • -600 BCE

    Means of Transport

    Means of Transport
    Trade shipping in the Indian Ocean was done by various means: dhows, sailboats, dry-cargo carriers, and tankers. In the beginning small, lateen-rigged sailing vessels called dhows were predominant.
  • Period:
    -600 BCE
    to
    -300 BCE

    Religions

    A major story of the Classical Era is the spread of religions. Between 600 and 300 BCE, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism spread across the Bay of Bengal to Southeast Asia.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    to
    -330 BCE

    The Achaemenid Empire

    The Achaemenid Empire in Persia was a major empire involved in the Indian Ocean trade.
  • Period:
    -510 BCE
    to
    -515 BCE

    Scylax of Caryanda

    Scylax of Caryanda made a voyage into the Indian Ocean from 510-515 BCE. He was famous for this voyage because he brought news the regions he found that encouraged trade expeditions. Scylax later wrote a handbook for mariners, and was mentioned by Herodotus the Greek historian.
  • -500 BCE

    Greek and Roman sailors and traders

    Greek and Roman sailors and traders
    Greek and Roman sailors and traders are said to have also joined in on the Indian Ocean trade some time after 500 BCE sent there by the Persian ruler Darius I.
  • -336 BCE

    Alexander the Great

    Alexander the Great
    Alexander the Great was the King of the Macedonian/Greek empire from 336 B.C.E. until his death in 323 B.C.E. He lead military conquests that won him control of the Persian empire.He founded the city of Alexandria in Egypt, which was a major city for trade.
  • Period:
    -324 BCE
    to
    -185 BCE

    The Mauryan Empire

    The Mauryan Empire in India was a major empire involved in the Indian Ocean trade.
  • -300 BCE

    Frankincense and myrrh

    Frankincense and myrrh
    Frankincense and myrrh (incense from the dried sap from trees) trading served as a driving force to open Indian Ocean Trade. During the Classical Period, they were transported by Arab merchants-along with spices, gold, ivory, pearls, precious stones and textiles.
  • Period:
    -202 BCE
    to
    220

    The Han Dynasty

    The Han Dynasty in China was a major empire involved in the Indian Ocean trade.
  • -100 BCE

    Diseases

    Diseases
    Diseases that broke out and were spread by way of the Indian Ocean trade during the Classical Period were smallpox, measles, and the bubonic plague. These impacted China and Roman population the worse, resulting in many deaths.
  • Period:
    -33 BCE
    to
    476

    The Roman Empire

    The Roman Empire was a major empire involved in the Indian Ocean trade.
  • 300

    End of the Classical Period

    End of the Classical Period
    The end of the Classical Period was 300 CE when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its' own profit. 300 CE is the beginning of the Medieval Period.
  • 900

    Kamal

    Kamal
    The Kamal was a key navigational tool developed around 900 CE that used by Arab navigators in the Indian Ocean.