Timeline Project

  • Period: 224 to Jan 1, 651

    Sasanid Empire

    The Sasanid Empire was an Aryan Empire. They had a lot of power and had a lot of cultural influence. They covered most of the Middle-East.
  • Period: 250 to Jan 1, 900

    Maya Civilization

    The Maya Civilization was an agriculture intensive city-state. They had large steppe pyrimids and architecture. We are still unsure of the reason for the fall of the Mayan civilization.
  • Period: 330 to Jan 1, 1453


    Constantinople was the capitol of the Byzantine Empire. The place where Constantinople used to be, is now known as Isatnbul after the Muslims conquered it.
  • Period: 395 to Jan 1, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    The capitol of the Byzantine Empire was Constantinople. They were known as just the Roman Empire. It was one of the most powerful influences of its time.
  • Period: 570 to Jan 1, 632

    Foundation of Islam

    Muhammad had a vision and wrote it down into the Koran. It was based on the Five Pillars and people have an annual trip to Mecca.
  • Period: 589 to Jan 1, 618

    Sui Dynasty

    The Sui Dynasty was founded by Wen of Sui. The Sui Dynasty helped ruinite China after many years of war. They also constructed the Grand Canal.
  • Period: Jan 1, 618 to Jan 1, 907

    Tang Dynasty

    The Tang Dynasty was founded by the Li family. During the Tang Dynasty, there was the first female emporor in China's history. Chinese Chess was also invented during these years.
  • Jan 1, 632

    Split between Sunni and Shi'ite

    The major split in Islam is that between the majority Sunnis and the minority Shiites. When Muhammad, the prophet died there was an argument on who would be the new leader. They could not come to an agreement so the two groups separated.
  • Period: Jan 1, 661 to Jan 1, 750

    Umayyad Caliphate

    The Umayyad Caliphate was established after the death of Muhammad. It was one of four major Caliphates. At its largest, it covered more than five million square miles. Their capitol was Damascus.
  • Period: Jan 1, 711 to Jan 1, 718

    Muslims conquer Spain

    The Umayyad were the Muslims that conquered spain. Their conquest ended in 718, but they were never driven out until 1614.
  • Period: Jan 1, 750 to Jan 1, 1258

    Abbasid Caliphate

    The Abbasid capitol was build in Baghdad, after the overthrow of the Umayyad Caliphate. They started to decline as the Turkish army grew, and the mongols invaded.
  • Period: Jan 1, 768 to Jan 1, 814


    Charlamagne, or Charles the Great, was King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans from 800 to his death in 814.
  • Period: Jan 1, 830 to Jan 1, 1235

    Ghana Empire

    The Ghana Empire grew rich from the trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt. They gained control over major trade routes.
  • Period: Jan 1, 882 to Jan 1, 1240

    Kievan Russia

    Kievan Russia was the old state of Russia. The people there were. Slavics and Scandinavians. Kievan Russia fell because of internal princley family struggle, the fall of the Byzantine Empire, and the Mongol Invasions.
  • Period: Jan 1, 960 to Jan 1, 1279

    Song Dynasty

    The Song Dynasty came after the Five Dynastyies and Ten Kingdoms Period. There were many important discoveries and innovations during the Song Dynasty. They were the first government to use paper money. They were the first in China's history to have a permanent standing navy. They also invented gunpowder and use a compass to find true north. The population doubled during the 10th and 11th centuries because of agricultural discoveries of rice, providing them with a lot more food.
  • Period: Jan 1, 962 to

    Establishment of the Holy Roman Empire

    The Holy Roman Empire was a German Empire ruled by the Holy Roman Emperor. Charlemagne was its founder and first Holy Roman Emperor.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1037 to Jan 1, 1194

    Seljuk Turks

    The Seljuk Turks adopted the Persian language and stretched from Antolia to Persia.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Jan 1, 1270


    The Crusades were religious sanctioned military campaignes to restore Christian control of the Holy Lands. The Crusades were launched in responce to the Christian Byzantine call to prevent Muslim expansion in Antolia.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1174 to Jan 1, 1193


    Saladin became the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He also founded the Ayyubid dynasty. At the height of his power, his sultanate included Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, Yemen, and parts of North Africa. He led Muslim opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to Jan 1, 1531

    Inca Civilization

    The Inca Civilization was split by civil war of the Hanan and Hurin. The Spanish Conquistadores arrived and conquered most of the Inca Civilization.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1206 to Jan 1, 1324

    Mongol Invasions

    Genghis Khan unified central Asia and conquered the Middle East, East Asia, and parts of Europe. He could not conquer japan however because of storms.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1206 to Jan 1, 1227

    Genghis Khan

    Ghenghis Khan was the founder and leader of the Mongol Empire. The Empire that he created, became the largest contiguous empire in history.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1206 to Jan 1, 1527

    Delhi Sultinate

    The Delhi Sultanate is a term used to cover five short-lived, Delhi based kingdoms of Turkic origin in medieval India. The kingdoms were the Mamluk, Khalji, Tughlaq, Sayyid, and Lodi.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    The Magna Carta was the first charter to limit the powers of the government and give rights to the people.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1230 to

    Mali Empire

    The Mali Empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and was known for the wealth of its rulers. They had many cultural influences on West Africa, spreading along the Niger River.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1250 to Jan 1, 1517


    A mamluk was a soldier of slave origin. Mamluks became a powerful military caste in Muslim societies.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1250 to Jan 1, 1521

    Aztec Civilization

    The Aztec people inhabited current day Mexico. The city of Tenochtitlan was built on islets on in Lake Texcoco. The Spanish Conquistadors came and conquered the Aztec Civilization.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1312 to Jan 1, 1337

    Mansa Musa

    When Mansu Musa came to power, the Malian Empire contained territory that used to belong to the Ghana Empire and Melle and immediate surrounding areas. Mansa Musa Musa held many titles, including Emir of Melle, Lord of the Mines of Wangara, and conqueror of Ghanata, Futa-Jallon, and a lot more. He was one of the wealthiest people of all time.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1337 to Jan 1, 1453

    Hundred Years War

    The Hundred Years War was a war fought between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and their various allies for control of the French throne. The throne had became empty at the extinction of the senior Capetian line of French kings.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1340 to

    Songhai Empire

    The Songhai Empire was one of the largest Islamic empires in history. Their currency was the Cowry but gold, salt and copper were also traded.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty

    The Ming Dynasty was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese. They restored the Grand Cannal, The Great Wall, and established the Forbidden City.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1370 to Jan 1, 1405


    Timur fought to restore the Mongol Empire and was the founder of Timured Empire & Dynasty. His greatest military achievement is having defeated some of most powerful empires on the continents around the world such as the Golden Horde, the Delhi Sultanate of South Asia, the Ottoman Empire, and the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt. He was one of the greatest conquerers in the world.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1371 to Jan 1, 1433

    Zheng He

    Zheng He was a Hui-Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, and fleet admiral. He went on seven voyages and brought back many riches for China.
  • Period: Mar 4, 1394 to Nov 13, 1460

    Henry the Navigator

    Henry the Navigator was responsible for the early development of European exploration and maritime trade with other continents.
  • Jan 1, 1436

    Gutenberg Press

    A printing system with a perfect printing process for better production and the abillity to mass produce books.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1449 to

    Dissolution of the Janissaries

    As Janissaries became aware of their own importance they began to desire a better life. By the early 17th century Janissaries had such prestige and influence that they dominated the government. In 1449 they revolted for the first time, demanding higher wages, which they obtained. The Auspicious Incident and the Blood Tower were the last of the Janissaries.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1450 to


    The Renaissance was a cultural movement. The Renaissance contributed the development of the conventions of diplomacy. There was also a lot more realistic idea and thinking.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1451 to May 20, 1506


    Christopher Columbus was an explorer, colonizer, and navigator, born in the Republic of Genoa. The was one of the first to land in the Americas.
  • Period: Apr 5, 1462 to Oct 27, 1505

    Ivan III

    Ivan III tripled the territory of his state, ended the dominance of the Golden Horde over the Rus, renovated the Moscow Kremlin, and laid the foundations of the Russian state. He was one of the longest-reigning Russian rulers in history.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1469 to Dec 23, 1524

    da Gama

    Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer. He was one of the most successful explorers in the Age of Discovery. He was commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. He was also the Governor of Portuguese India for a short time.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1480 to Apr 27, 1521


    Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer. He was the first to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean and the first to cross the Pacific. The voyage went all the way around the world, but he did not make it the whole voyage. He was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1485 to Dec 2, 1547


    Hernán Cortés was a Spanish Conquistador that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought a lot of land in Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1492 to

    Creation of Colonies in the New World

    The New World was colonized mainly by Spain, Britain, France, Dutchland, and Portugal. Many countries sent over their own people to start it off.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1492 to

    Columbian Exchange

    The Columbian Exchange was a dramatically widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations, communicable disease, and ideas between the Western and Eastern Hemispheres.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Scientific Revolution

    The Scientific Revolution was a time when new ideas and knowledge in physics, astronomy, biology, medicine and chemistry transformed medieval and ancient views of nature and laid the foundations for modern science. The Scientific Revolution led to the Enlightenment.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1501 to

    Safavid Empire

    The Safavid Empire was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran. They ruled one of the greatest Persian empires since the Muslim conquest of Persia and established the Twelver school of Shi'a Islam as the official religion of their empire, marking one of the most important turning points in Muslim history.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1502 to Jan 1, 1541


    There were four Pizzaro brothers. There was Francisco Pizarro, Gonzalo Pizarro, Juan Pizarro, and Hernándo Pizarro. They were Spanish Conquistadors that played a major part in the capture and rule of Peru, and conquered the Inca Empire.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1517 to Jan 1, 1555

    Protestant Reformation

    The Protestant Reformation was lead by Martin Luther, John Calvin and some other people. It challenged the church on certain beliefs.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1526 to

    Mughal Empire

    The Mughal Empire were decendents of Mongolsa and Turks. They had a highly centralized government and had a lot of Persian influence. They declined rapidly from wars of succession, local revolts, religious intolerence, and British colonization of India.
  • Period: Apr 30, 1526 to Dec 26, 1530


    Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur was a conqueror from Central Asia who finally succeeded in laying the basis for the Mughal dynasty in Indian Subcontinent and became the first Mughal emperor.
  • Period: Oct 6, 1552 to

    Matteo Ricci

    Matteo Ricci was an Italian Jesuit priest, and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission.
  • Period: Feb 15, 1564 to


    Galileo was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. He improved the telescope which changed how space was looked at. He also made a military telescope. He has been called called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the Father of Modern Science".
  • Period: Jan 1, 1580 to

    Triangle Trade

    Atlantic trade between Europe, North Africa, and the Americas. Africa would send slaves to the Americas, the Americas cash crops to Europe, and Europe clothes, copper, trinkets, ammunition, and weapons to Africa.
  • Period: to

    Tokugawa Shogunate

    The Tokugawa shogunate was a feudal regime of Japan established by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family.
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years War

    The Thirty Years War was fought primarily in what is now Germany, and at various points involved most countries in Europe. It was one of the longest and most destructive conflicts in European history. The conflict lasted, unceasing, for 30 years, making it the longest continuous war in modern history.
  • Period: to

    Qing Dynasty

    The Qing Dynasty was founded by the Jurchen Aisin Gioro clan in contemporary Northeastern China. It was the last dynasty of China and was followed by the Peoples Republic of China.
  • Period: to


    The Enlightenment was a time of growth and discovery in values. People questioning core beliefs and practices, and creating new philosiphies. They debated beliefs, freedom, revolution and changed thought processes.
  • Period: to

    Peter the Great

    Peter the Great ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire. In numerous successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a huge empire that became a major European power.
  • Period: to

    Toussaint L'Ouverture

    Toussaint L'Ouverture was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. The success of the Haitian Revolution changed slavery throughout the New World.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

    The Industrial Revolution was a period where changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times. It began in the United Kingdom, then subsequently spread throughout Western Europe, North America, Japan, and eventually the rest of the world.
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    The French-Indian War

    The French-Indian War was fought mainly between the colonies of Great Britain and New France. Both sides were supported by military troops from Europe.
  • Period: to

    Seven Years War

    The Seven Years War was a global military war involving most of the great powers of the time and affecting Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines.
  • Period: to

    Catherine the Great

    Catherine the Great was the most renowned and the longest-ruling female leader of Russia. Russia was revitalised under her reign, growing larger and stronger than ever and becoming recognised as one of the great powers of Europe.
  • Period: to

    Watt's Steam Engine

    The Watt steam engine was the first type of steam engine to make use of steam at a pressure just above atmospheric to drive the piston helped by a partial vacuum.
  • Invention of the Spinning Jenny

    The spinning jenny is a multi-spool spinning frame. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill, Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire in England. It reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once. This grew to 120 as technology advanced.
  • Invention of the Water frame

    The water frame is the name given to the spinning frame, when water power is used to drive it.
  • Period: to

    Britain outlaws Slave Trade

    In 1772, the Somersett Case of the English Court of King's Bench ruled that slavery was unlawful in England. The Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade was passed by Parliament on 25 March 1807, coming into effect the following year. Britain abolished slavery in both Hindu and Muslim India by the Indian Slavery Act V. of 1843.
  • Period: to

    End of Atlantic Slave Trade

    Countries slowly started to pull out of slave trade as industrialism grew.Brazil was the last to ban slave trade in 1831. All slaves were not free. No more slaves could be bought or sold.
  • Period: to

    Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette

    Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette actively supported the Americans, who were seeking their independence from Great Britain, which was realized in the 1783 Treaty of Paris.
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

    The American colonies wanted freedom from Britain, to have their own rights, government, and for fairness. The Revolutionary War occurred and America won It's rights.
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    French Revolution

    The French Revolution cause the absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years. Napolean was one of the leaders of the Revolution but after he came to power, he was still an Emperor and France was still in a bad situation.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    The storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France on the morning of 14 July 1789. The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. It's fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.
  • The Declaration of the Rights of Man

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is a fundamental document of the French Revolution. It defined the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal.
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    Haitian Revolution

    The Haitian Revolution was a slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Domingue. The Haitian Revolution was the only slave revolt which led to the founding of a state. The revolution was one of the two successful attempts, along with the American Revolution, to achieve permanent independence from a European colonial power for an American state before the 19th century. Also, it is considered the most successful slave rebellion ever to have occurred in the Americas.
  • Whitney's Cotton Gin

    A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, a job that otherwise must be performed painstakingly by hand.
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    Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to power at the end of the French Revolution. Even though he promised things would be better, it was still bad in France.
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    Mexican Independence

    The Mexican War of Independence was between the people of Mexico and Spanish Colonial authorities.They wanted to have their own country after witnessing the American revolution, French revolution, and Haitian revolution.
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    Congress of Vienna

    The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna. The reason for the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Waterloo

    The Battle of Waterloo was fought near Waterloo in present-day Belgium and part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by combined armies of the Seventh Coalition, an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blücher.
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    Emancipation of the Russian Serfs

    Serfdom was abolished in Estland, Courland and Livonia however all the land stayed in noble hands and labor rent lasted till 1868. In 1861 all serfs were freed in a major agrarian reform.
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    Brazilian Independence

    The Brazilian Independence was a series of political events that involved disputes between Brazil and Portugal about independence presented by the Brazilian Kingdom.
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    Greek Independence

    Most of Greece had fallen under Ottoman rule after the collapse of Byzantine. Greece fought for their freedom from the Ottomans with help later on from Russian, UK, and France. Ottomans had help from Vassals in egypt and other allies.
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    Afrikaners' Great Trek

    The mass migrations under British rule collectively known as the Great Trek were pivotal for the preservation of Boer ethnic identity. The Boers took their familes and servents north to seek independence.
  • Invention of the Telegraph

    An electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electrical signals, usually conveyed via telecommunication lines or radio. The electromagnetic telegraph is a device for human-to-human transmission of coded text messages.
  • Period: to

    Opium Wars

    There were two Opium Wars. England was trading the drug Opium to China. China realized the addiction and banned it. The British would ship it out and Chinese smugglers would take it into China beginning Chinas war against Britain to stop Opium trade.
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    Revolutions of 1848

    The European Revolutions of 1848 were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe.
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    Taiping Rebellion

    The Taiping Rebellion was a widespread civil war in southern China led by Hong Xiuquan. About 20 million people died, mainly civilians, in one of the deadliest military conflicts in history.
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    Commodore Matthew Perry in Japan

    Before his voyage, Commodore Matthew Perry read a lot of books about Tokugawa Japan. When he arrived at Japan, he demanded permission to present a letter from President Millard Fillmore, and threatened to use force if they did not comply.
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    Sepoy Rebellion

    The Sepoy Rebellion was also known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Rebellion against the East Indian Trade company by the Sepoy and other Indians.
  • Britain takes over India

    Britain takes over India after the Sepoy rebellion. Queen Victoria was named Emperess of India.
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    Suez Canal

    The Suez Canal also known by the nickname "The Highway to India", is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.
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    Meiji Restoration

    The Meiji Restoration was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan. The Restoration led to enormous changes in Japan's political and social structure, and spanned both the late Edo period and the beginning of the Meiji period.
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    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world.
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    Panama Canal

    The Panama Canal connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The Panama Canal shortcut made it possible for ships to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in half the time previously required.
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    Imperialization of Africa

    The Imperialization of Africa was also known as the Scramble for Africa. They found gold and other resources in African land so they started colonizing and taking missionaries over.
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    Boxer Rebellion

    The Boxer Rebellion was a proto-nationalist movement by the "Righteous Harmony Society" in China, opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity.
  • Overthrow of Qing Dynasty

    The Wuchang Uprising succeeded on October 10, 1911, which led to the creation of the new central government, the Republic of China.
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    African National Congress

    The African National Congress is South Africa's governing political party, supported by its tripartite alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions and the South African Communist Party.
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    World War I was a major war centred in Europe. It involved all the world's great powers. There were the Allies and the Central Powers. The war began with the assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
  • Russian Revolution

    The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union.
  • Wilson's 14-Point Plan

    The Fourteen Points was a speech given by United States President Woodrow Wilson. He wanted to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe.
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    League of Nations

    The League of Nations was an intergovernmental organisation founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
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    Chinese Civil War

    The Chinese Civil War was a civil war fought between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China for the control of China which eventually led to China's division into two Chinas, Republic of China in Taiwan and People's Republic of China in the Mainland.
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    Stalin's 5-Year Plans

    Stalin designed 5-Year plans to strengthen the USSRs economy.
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    Great Depression

    The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century.
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    Hitler Comes to Power

    Hitler came to power through the government. He joined the Nazi party and was eventually chosen as Chancellor. He created a Third Reich as a dictatorship and Nazisim.
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    World War II was a global war. It involved a vast majority of the world's nations and included all of the great powers. There were two sides, the Allies and the Axis. It ended with two atomic bombs being dropped in Japan. There were many deaths throughout the war including those of the Holocaust.
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    Cold War

    The Cold War was a continuing state of political and military tension between the powers of the Western world, led by the United States and its NATO allies, and the communist world, led by the Soviet Union, its satellite states and allies.
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    Mao Zedong and Maoism

    Mao Zedong was a revolutionary in China that led the Chinese Revolution. He commanded the Long March and the Communist Party of China. He started the Cultural Revolution and the Great Leap Forward. Caused famine and decline in culture, society and economy.
  • Creation of Pakistan

    The Indian Independence Act 1947 was as an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that split British India into the two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan.
  • Indian Independence

    India gained independence from Britain to finially become it's own nation. Ghandi played a major role in the gaining of independence. The methods for gaining independence were mianly non-violent.
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    Great Leap Forward

    The Greap Leap Forward was a economic and social campaign of the Chinese Communist party to modernize china. However, it led to famine and economic decline.
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    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty.
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    Korean War

    The Korean War was a war between the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The Korean War was primarily the result of the political division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.
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    Warsaw Pact

    The Warsaw Pact as a mutual defense treaty between eight communist states of Eastern Europe in existence during the Cold War.
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    Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War was a war between communist North Vietnam and South Vietnam. They used guerilla warfare. The U.S. pulled out in August of 1973. The war ended with the North capturing Saigon and reunification.
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    Aswan Dam

    The Aswan Dam is an embankment dam situated across the Nile River in Aswan, Egypt.
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    Bay of Piggs

    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was an unsuccessful action by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with support and encouragement from the US government, in an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
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    Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a thirteen-day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and the United States on the other. Both threatened to fire their missiles if the other didn't back down.
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    Juan Perón

    Juan Domingo Perón was an Argentine military officer and politician. He was elected three times as President of Argentina.
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    Helsinki Accords

    The Helsinki Accords was the final act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe held in Helsinki.
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    Islamic Revolution

    They were the events leading to the overthrow of the Iranian monarchy. There was revolution of protest. By April a republic was in place.
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    Iran–Iraq War

    The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran. It was initially referred to in English as the "Persian Gulf War" prior to the "Gulf War" of 1990. The U.N. had to step in to stop the fighting.
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    Tiananmen Square

    Mass student demonstration against the People's Republice of China in Tiananmen square. They were fighting against communism after seeing other Eastern communist states collapse recently. Tanks came in and the military killed hundreds to thousands of people.
  • Reunification of Germany

    After many peaceful revolutions GDR held their first free elections and negotiated the reunification fo the FRG and GDR.
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    USSR Disintegrates

    The USSR government, economy, and social structure slowly fell apart. There were demonstrations against the government and areas wanting to become independent.
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    Nelson Mandela

    Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is a South African politician who served as President of South Africa. He was the first ever to be elected in a fully representative democratic election.
  • September 11, 2001

    The September 11 attacks were a series of four suicide attacks that were committed in the United States on September 11, 2001, coordinated to strike the areas of New York City and Washington, D.C. Hijackers intentionally piloted planes into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center complex in New York City.