By groffc
  • 1948 War

    Israel Declared independence. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq attacked Israel Israel gained land. Egypt gained the Gaza Strip and Jordan gained the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Jews became refugees
  • Six Day War or The 1967 War

    Egypt blockaded Israel. Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Iraq moved troops to Israel’s borders and made threatening statements. Israel launched a preemptive strike. Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syria, and the Gaza Strip and all of the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. More Palestinians and Jews became refugees. Terrorism became more common.
  • Settlement Construction Begins

    The Israeli government approved the building of settlements in the sinai, Gaza and the West Bank. The term settlements refers to Israeli communities built on land that was captured in the 1967 War. They were used for security. Settlement construction was limited due to controlled territories. The future of the settlements is one of the issues that the Israel and the Palestinian Authority must negotiate as part of a comprehensive peace agreement.
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    Attrition Battles

    Arab nations met in Khartoum, Sudan and declared their unwillingness to make peace, recognize, or even negotiate with Israel. PLO attacked Israeli military personnel and civilians from bases in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Egypt. It also carried out terrorists attacks The Jordanian army attacked PLO forces in what became known as “Black September.” Fighting continued and when Jordan succeeded in evicting the PLO from the country. PLO moved its base of operations to Lebanon
  • The October War or Yom Kippur War

    Egypt and Syria attacked Israel on Yom Kippur. Israel managed to fight back but the Us convinced Israel to withdraw from the territories. Israel retained the territories captured in 1967, but did not keep additional land.
  • Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Agreement

    Egypt became the first Arab country to recognize Israel and to enter into a peace treaty with it. Anwar Sadat realized that a continuing state of war with Israel was harming the Egyptian economy and the well being of his people Israel returned to Egypt all of the Sinai that been captured during the 1967 war and removed Jewish families from the homes they had established there. This became a model for Israel’s land for peace policy.
  • Israel and Jordan sign a Peace Treaty

    There was a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, the United States led a difficult but successful diplomatic process to help Jordan and Israel achieve peace Egypt and Israel’s trade, business relations, tourism, cultural exchanges, and scientific cooperations between the two nations increased. Since they signed an agreement.
  • The 1982 Lebanon War

    PLO units in southern Lebanon increasingly attacked communities in northern Israel and they attacked back. This drew Israel into the Lebanese war and generated domestic and international opposition to its involvement in Lebanon. Until 2000, it maintained a military presence in a section of southern Lebanon that served as a buffer zone and prevented widespread terrorist in incursions into Israel from the north.
  • The First Intifada

    Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank engaged in an uprising, or intifada, against Israeli control of these territories. There was many Palestinian military lives were lost from the attacks of the Israelis. This continued until the Oslo Accords were signed in 1993.
  • The Oslo Accords

    The Oslo Accords were a set of agreements that when Israel and the PLO signed a Declaration of Principles. For the first time Israel formally accepted there peace with the Palestinian people. Also, they settled with the land so there is peace and security.
  • The Camp David Summit

    American President Bill Clinton brought Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian President Yasser Arafat to Camp David. The goal was to take both the states living side by side in peace. This goal was not achieved and further conflict ensued.
  • The Second Intifada

    Israeli General Ariel Sharon visited the Jewish Temple Mount, a site revered by Jews that is also of major importance to Muslims. There is no set date when the failed peace process was marked down. This hurt both sides. There was a lot of suicide bombers that were going after civilians.
  • The 2006 Lebanon War

    Hezbollah is a radical Islamist organization committed to destroying Israel Hostilities officially ended with UN ceasefire Resolution 1701
  • Arab Peace Initiative Is Proposed

    In March ‘02, prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, proposed a peace initiative. Offered Israel peace in return for Israeli withdrawal from territories captured in the ‘97 War.
    Proposal is viewed by some as a major breakthrough; most Arab nations ruled out peace,negotiations with Israel. Israel welcomed the proposal, but doesnt accept all its demands. In July '07, Israeli leaders met representatives of Arab League to discuss proposal. Was first time Arab League sent an official delegation to Israel.
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    Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier

    In 2002, Israel decided to build a security barrier that would separate its citizens from terrorist groups in the West Bank. Reduced the number of suicide bombings in Israel coming from the Gaza Strip,West Bank. these walls have been criticized for dividing Palestinians from their land and places of work or study and requiring to make these individuals wait to pass through security checkpoints.
  • The Roadmap for Peace Is Proposed

    Roadmap for Peace, a plan for peace proposed in ‘03 by Quartet, the United States, Russia, European Union, & United Nations. Involves steps by Israelis & Palestinians with goal of an indep. Palestinian state & secure Israel. Roadmap divided into 3 phases, never progressed past 1. Roadmap was completely halted after Palestinian election of Hamas in '06. Hamas is a terrorist group=destroying Israel. Israel & Palestinians fight again when Palestinian pres., Mahmoud Abbas, got rid of gvt of Hamas.
  • Israel Disengages from Gaza

    In ‘05, Prime Minister went w policy of Disengagement/physical separation of Israel fr Palestinian territories. Cnstrctn of West Bank Barrier=Israel should withdraw frm Gaza Strip. Israeli ppl lived there didnt want 2 leave.Minor Israelis n Israel & most Israelis in West Bank supported Israelis who lived n Gaza. Israel removed itself frm the territory so tht Palestinians livin there could govern selves. Israel withdrew frm Gaza, # of rockets fired by terrorists frm Gaza 2 Israel went up alot.
  • Hamas Is Elected

    In January '06, Palestinians elected alot of Hamas members 2 the Palestinian Authority legislature ovr the PLO’s Fatah party tht had previously been in power. Ppl think that Hamas won the elections bc many Palestinians saw the previous government as corrupt.
    Hamas wanted to destruct Israel and kill all the Jews. However, they also declared that these sanctions would be lifted once Hamas recognize Israel's right to exist, forswore violence, and accepted previous Palestinian-Israeli agreements.
  • The Battle of Gaza

    Hamas attacked fatah members throughout Gaza, dissolved the Hamas government ' Hamas controls Gaza and the Palestinian authority controls the west bank
  • The Gaza War

    Israel attacked Hamas targets in Gaza in an attempt to terrorism
  • Gaza Flotilla Incident

    Blockade of Gaza stuck inspectors on everything's ships from Israel attacked blockade Many dead Turkans. Turkey and Israel become enemies but here allies
  • The Arab Spring

    Arab citizens began to protest against government oppression A few political leaders have fled or stepped down. Otherwise, ongoing outcome