Wh arab israeli conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict

By cwva
  • 1948 War

    1948 War
    Ended in March 1949
    Israel declared independence. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, & Iraq attacked Israel. Israel gained land. Egypt gained the Gaza Strip and Jordan gained the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Jews became refugees.
  • Six Day War

    Six Day War
    Ended: 10 Jun 1967 Egypt blockaded Israel. Egypt, Jordan, Syria, & Iraq moved troops to Israel's borders and made threatening statements. Israel launched a preemptive strike. Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syria, and the Gaza Strip and all of the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. More Palestinians and Jews became refugees. Terrorism became more common. Picture:
  • Attrition battles

    Attrition battles
    Ended Agust 7, 1970.
    Israel gains land from Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Israel says they will give the land back in return for being recognized as a country. Fighting continues until Jordan evicts PLO from the country. Each side beats the other down. In the end, Egypt loses.
  • Settlement Construction Begins

    Settlement Construction Begins
    Date not exact but year is.
    The Israeli government approved building settlements in Sinai, Gaza Strip, and West Bank in order to prevent attacks on major cities. The settlements grew in size and in population, however the settlements are criticized by the Palestinians because it makes travel difficult and are a drain to protect for the Israeli army and the Palestinians.
  • The October War/The Yom Kippur War

    The October War/The Yom Kippur War
    Egypt & Syria attack Israel on Yom Kippur, which is a very holy Jewish holiday. They take Israel by surprise. Isreal got to keep the territories they gained prior (in 1967) but no more. This was the last war with Egypt because this war made Egypt understand Israel could not be defeated.
  • Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Agreement

    Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Agreement
    Egypt became the first Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel. A continuing state of war with Israel was harming the Egyptian economy and well being of his people. Israel returned Egypt all of Sinai that had been captured during the 1967 war and removed Jewish families that had settled there. Picture:
  • The 1982 Lebanon War

    The 1982 Lebanon War
    Ended September 1982 (No exact date could be found)
    Palestine Liberation Organization units from Southern Lebanon kept attacking Israel. Israel fought back and pushed Palestine Liberation Organization units from Lebanon to Tunisia. The war was between Israel and Lebanon beacause the Lebanese people were opposed to Israeli involvement. Israel finally withdraws but Lebanon attacks Israel anyways. This eventually causes the Second Lebanon War.
  • The First Intifada

    The First Intifada
    In 1987, Palestinians in the Gaza strip and the West Bank went into an uprising (which is an infatada) against Israeli control. The Israeli violent response to the attacks was very controversial. Many Israelis and Palestinians died and the intifada continued until the Oslo Accords were signed in 1993.
  • The Oslo Accords

    The Oslo Accords
    Isael and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) sign a Declaration of Principles. They also exchange Letters of Mutual Recognation. This caused the Palestinian Authority to be created. It also caused Israel to withdraw military presence from the Gaza Strip. Although the Declaration of Principles and the Letters of Mutual Recognation were meant to help the two states but they both don't comply to the agreements.
  • Israel and Jordan sign a Peace Treaty

    Israel and Jordan sign a Peace Treaty
    Jordan became the second Arab country to recognize Israel as a country. This causes trade, business, relations, tourism, cultural exchanges, and scientific cooperation between the two countries flourish. However, the flourishing went slower than expected.
  • The Camp David Summit

    The Camp David Summit
    Ended 25 July 2000
    American President Bill Clinton tried to help Israelis and Palestinians by bringing their leaders to Camp David. Although the Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak made some major compromises by agreeing to withdraw from most of the West Bank so the Palestinians could have their capital in East Jerusalem, the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat felt the offer wasn't enough and refused it. Because of his refusal, the conflict continued and the two states couldn't have peace.
  • The Second Intifada

    The Second Intifada
    Israeli General Sharon visited the Jewish Temple Mount, a site of religious signifigance to both Muslims and Jewish people. Palestinians began to throw rocks at him. This caused Palestinians to riot and cause bombings, violence, terrorism, and death. This is an ongoing conflict.
  • Israel Begins Constructing West Bank Barrier

    Israel Begins Constructing West Bank Barrier
    No exact start date can be found
    No end date (ongoing)
    Israel starts building barrier to stop terrorist bombings from the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Although the number of suicide bomber attacks lowered significantly after the building of this barrier, Palestinians complain that it makes their daily activities such as driving difficult. The conflict continues with no progress towards peace between the two states.
  • Arab Peace Initiantive is Proposed

    Arab Peace Initiantive is Proposed
    Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia had a peace proposal that called for Israel peace in exchange for withdrawal of territories. Israel welcomed this proposal but did not accept all demands, specifically they did not want to return all of the territory they had gained.
  • Roadmap for Peace is Proposed

    Roadmap for Peace is Proposed
    Peace Plan proposed by the "Quartet". The "Quartet" is the United States, Russia, the European Union, and the United Nations. The goal is an independent Palestine and secure Israel. There are 3 steps in The Roadmap, but they never ot past the first after Hamas was elected in 2006. Negotiations between lsrael and Palestine stopped until the Palestinian president got rid of the government controlled by Hamas. Even still, there is still no significant progress with the plan.
  • Israel Disengages from Gaza

    Israel Disengages from Gaza
    Sharon disengages Israel/Palestine Territories. He thinks Israel should withdrawal from Gaza. However, when Israel withdrew from Gaza, the number of rockts shot from Gaza to Israel increased dramatically.
  • Hamas Elected

    Hamas Elected
    Hamas calls for destruction of Israel and to kill all Jews. Many western nations impose sanctions until Hamas obeys previous Israel-Palestine agreements.
  • The 2006 Lebanon War

    The 2006 Lebanon War
    Ends August 14, 2006.
    An Islamist organization (Hezbollah) attacked Israeli Army unit and launches rockets into cities and towns. Many civilians lost their lives and there was a large amount of property damage. Afterwards, the U.N. forced a cease fire between the two.
  • The Battle of Gaza

    The Battle of Gaza
    Ended January 18, 2009
    Hamas militians attack Fatah members. The militians were killed and Hamas government was dissolved by the president. Technically, there are 2 Palestinian governments. The first one is the Palestinian Authority which governs the West Bank. The second one is the Hamas government wich controls the Gaza Strip. The sanctions from western countries to the Palestinian Authority were lifted after the Hamas government was dissolved.
  • The Gaza War

    The Gaza War
    Ended January 18, 2009
    Israel attcked Hamas targets in Gaza. This caused a lot of destruction and many civilians were injured or killed.
  • Gaza Flotilla Incident

    Gaza Flotilla Incident
    A blokade is created to stop Hamas from smuggling weapons into Gaza. Six Turkish ships refused to avoid the blockade and Israel sent commandos to raid the ships. As a result, Gaza recieved some of the safe cargo from the ships. Israel and Turkey used to be allies but because of the Gaza Flotilla Incident the realtionship between the two deteriorated.
  • The Arab Spring

    The Arab Spring
    ongoing (no end date)
    Citizens began to protest against the current government in Tunisia. The citizens wanted a democratic government instead. This soon began to spread across the Arab World. As result, the Tunisian president left the country. The Arab-Israeli conflict continues and the peace process is not clear.