Arab israeli conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict

By hoangt
  • 1948 War

    1948 War
    This war ended March 10, 1949. Israel declared independence. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq attacked Israel. Israel gained land, Egypt gained the Gaza Strip and Jordan gained the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Jews became refugees.
  • Six Day War(The 1967 War)

    Six Day War(The 1967 War)
    This war ended June 10, 1967. Egypt blockaded Israel. Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq moved troops to Israel's borders and made threatening statements. Israel launched a preemptive strike. Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syria, and the Gaza Strip and all of the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. More Palestinians and Jews became refugees. Terrorism became more common.
  • Settlement Construction Begins

    Settlement Construction Begins
    Israeli communities were made to act as security outposts and prevent major attacks. People criticize settlements because it's harder to travel. It's an issue for Israel and Palestinian Authority.
  • Attrition Battles

    Attrition Battles
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    Attrition Battles

    Israel gained land from Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Egypt attacked Israeli positions. The PLO attacked Israeli military personnel and civilians. There were airplane hijackings and terrorist attacks. Jordan moved the PLO from the country. The PLO moved to Lebanon.
  • The October War(Yom Kippur War)

    The October War(Yom Kippur War)
    This war ended October 26, 1973. Egypt and Syria attacked Israel. There were other attacks on Israeli territories. Israel took back the captured territories and did not keep the additional land.
  • Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Agreement

    Egypt and Israel Sign a Peace Agreement
    Egypt was the first Arab country to recognize Israel as a country. Israel returned all of the captured Sinai. It became a model for "land of peace."
  • The 1982 Lebanon War

    The 1982 Lebanon War
    This war ended on September 14, 1982. The PLO attacked northern Israel, so they attacked the PLO back. Israel got caught in the Lebanese civil war. The PLO moved to Tunisia because of Israel. Israel withdrew from Lebanon.
  • The First Intifada

    The First Intifada
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    The First Intifada

    Palestinians made an uprising against Israeli control. Then, suicide attacks began. A lot of Palestinians were killed.
  • The Oslo Accords

    The Oslo Accords
    It was a set of agreements. The PLO recognized Israel. This stopped violence and made them coexist with Israel. Israel recognized the PLO. Both sides accused the other of not following the agreement. This led to the creation of Palestinian Authority.
  • Israel and Jordan sign a Peace Treaty

    Israel and Jordan sign a Peace Treaty
    Jordan recognized Israel as a country. Trade, business, tourism, cultural exchanges, and scientific discoveries were shared between them.
  • The Camp David Summit

    The Camp David Summit
    This event ended on July 25, 2000. This was the first major attempt between Israel and Palestine. President Arafat refused the offer. Conflict still went on because the peace treaty did not go through.
  • The Second Intifada

    The Second Intifada
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    The Second Intifada

    Israeli General Anel Sharon visited the Jewish Temple Mount. Palestinians began to riot because of this visit. This caused a lot of violence and bloodshed. Israelis encountered suicide bombers while Palestinians encountered death. Some say it ended late 2004 or early 2005.
  • Arab Peace Initiative Is Proposed

    Arab Peace Initiative Is Proposed
    This proposal was that Israel would be left in peace if they gave back the territories. Israel does not agree with all of the conditions. Some saw it as a major breakthrough. This was the first time an Arab League representative met with Israel.
  • Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier

    Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier
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    Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier

    Israel began to make a wall that protects them from terrorist groups. This wall reduced the number of suicide bombings. This has been criticized from separating the Palestinians and their land. Others argue that the abrrier can eb removed, but lives cannot be brought back.
  • The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed

    The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed
    They wanted peace for Palestine and a secure Israel. It had 3 parts, but they never made it past the 1st part. It was completely halted in 2006. It was completely abolished, except for some of the principles that were used later.
  • Israel Disengages from Gaza

    Israel Disengages from Gaza
    Prime Minister Ariel Sharon wanted to physically separate Palestine from Israel and withdraw from the Gaza Strip. It was criticized because some Israeli citizens did not want to leave. It was not part of negotiations. The number of rockets from Gaza into Israel has increased.
  • Hamas Is Elected

    Hamas Is Elected
    People thought Hamas won the elections because the past government was corrupt. Western nations said that the sactions would be lifted once Hamas recognized Israel. They accepted Palestinian-Israeli agreements. Hamas calls for the destruction of Israel and the killing of Jews. It did not accept previous Palestinian-Israeli agreements. Western nations gave sanctions and aid.
  • The 2006 Lebanon War

    The 2006 Lebanon War
    Hezbollah crossed the border and attacked an Israeli army. It started launching rockets. Israel launched air strikes. There was a loss of civilians because Hezbollah was stationed in a town, using humans as shields. Israel damaged Lebanon's transportation. It ended August 11, 2006.
  • The Battle of Gaza

    The Battle of Gaza
    This battle ended on June 15, 2007. Hamas militants attacked Fatah members. The Palestinian Authority president, Mahmoud Abbas, dissolved the Hamas government. Hamas controls Gaza. Palestinian Authority controls West Bank. The sanctions from Western territories to Palestinian Authority, were lifted.
  • The Gaza War

    The Gaza War
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    The Gaza War

    Israel attacked Hamas in Gaza to stop rocket attacks, disrupt terrorist infrastructure, and weapons smuggling. Hundreds of militants were killed along with civilian casualties. Gaza's buildings and economy were heavily damaged.
  • Gaza Flotilla Incident

    Gaza Flotilla Incident
    Israel and Egypt began a blockade of Gaza. Every cargo that came in were inspected. Some groups argue the blockade is collective punishment and illegal. This led to sever deterioration between Israel and Turkey. Israel and Turkey were allies.
  • The Arab Spring

    The Arab Spring
    The Arab Spring ended at different times in every country, mostly in 2013. Arab civilians began to protest against autocratic and oppressive governments. Protests occurred in Algeria, Bahrain, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. The Tunisian President left the country in January 14, 2011. The Egyptian President resigned on February 11, 2011.