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The Arab-Israeli Conflict Timeline

By seano88
  • The 1948 War

    The 1948 War
    Egypt, Jordan, Syria Iraq and Lebanon attacked Israel starting what is known now as the 1948 war. Israel gained land, along with that, Egypt gained the Gaza Strip and Jordan gained the West Bank. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Jews became refuges. As a result, Israel retained land, as well as 60% of the proposed Arab land.
  • The Six Day War

    The Six Day War
    Egypt blockaded Israel starting the war in 1967. Egypt Jordan Syria and Iraq who all hate Israel, moved troops toward Israels borders and made threatening statements. This act of war endangered many lives in Israel. To counter the attack Israel launched a preemptive strike against Egypt. Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syria, and the Gaza Strip from Egypt. Terrorism became more common in those areas and Israel gained plenty of land.
  • The Settlement Construction Begins

    The Settlement Construction Begins
    The Israeli government approved building on settlements in the Sinai, Gaza Strip & West Bank. Construction was very limited for the first decade Israel controlled these territories. Over time it has increased, there are now over 300,000 settlers. Israel building on disputed Palestinian soil fuses a strong hate between both sides. The outcome is a more difficult future for peace. Israeli citizens are living on land claimed by Palestinians.
  • The Attrition battles

    The Attrition battles
    Israel was willing to exchange some of the land they have captured from Egypt, Jordan and Syria for peace and recognition. Arab nations did not find peace as a solution, therefore starting the Attrition battles. Fighting from both sides for almost three years solved nothing. The outcome was, an increase in terrorism and Jordan evicted the PLO with no commitment for peace on either side.
  • Yom Kippur War

    Yom Kippur War
    Egypt and Syria both attacked Israel on the most holy day in Israeli culture.Israel fought back and not only repelled the Arabs but drove deep int both counties. A cease fire was imposed with the the help of Russia & United States which led to peace process at the Camp David Accords.
  • Egypt and Isreal Sign Peace Agreement

    Egypt and Isreal Sign Peace Agreement
    At the white House in March of 1979 Egypt and Israel signed a treaty to create peace and end decades of war. The wars between Egypt and Israel had serious effects on the countries. Egypt's President, Anwar Sadat, wanted peace between the countries because the wars were damaging Egyptian economy and impairing the lives of the people. Israel pulled out the Jewish families and returned the Sinai that had been captured to Egypt who were captured in the war in 1967.
  • The Lebanon War

    The Lebanon War
    What started the first Lebanon war was PLO units increasingly attacking many communities in Israel. Later, Israel launched a massive attack back on PLO militants positioned in Lebanon. Israel succeeded in advancing & expelling the PLO leader. This war caused complicated civil war problems between Lebanon and Israel. Israel withdrew from most of the land in 1985 but until 2000 it maintained a military presence. That helped create buffer zone from all terrorist attacks.
  • The First Intifada ( 1987 - 1993 )

    The First Intifada ( 1987 - 1993 )
    Chaotic uprisings emerged all over the cities in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Many Palestinians were protesting against the Israeli land. Palestinians attacked Israelis with weapons supplied by the PLO. Israeli troops were not ready for these kind of attacks, and some say responded too harshly. This civil uprising led to the Oslo Accords.
  • The Oslo Accords

    The Oslo Accords
    This was a set of agreements that Israel and the PLO made in order to create a declaration of principles. This led to the decrease in presence of Israeli troops in Palestinian territories. Later, Israel formally recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people, And the PLO recognized the state of Israel for the first time.These agreements should lead to lasting peace between Israel and Palestine.
  • Israel and Jordan Sign A Peace Agreement

    Israel and Jordan Sign A Peace Agreement
    Jordan and Israel made peace in October 26, 1994. Than later, Jordan became the second Arab country to recognize Israel. As a result, business, relations, trade, culture & religion have all increased rapidly between the two countries.
  • The Camp David Summit

    The Camp David Summit
    This was a secret meeting between President Clinton, Ehud Barack of Israel and Yasser Arafat the Palestinian Chairman. It was intended to have Israel and the Palestinians reach an Agreement. Israel agreed to give back most of the West Bank and create a Palestinian state. Arafat refused and no agreement was reached.
  • The Second Intifada

    The Second Intifada
    It started when an Israel general named Ariel Sharon visited the Jewish temple mount, its also one of the holiest places to muslin culture. Palestinians felt this was disrespectful and rioted in the streets. Israel responded with its military. There is no definite end to the Second Intifada and many say it continues today.
  • The Arab Peace Initiative Is Proposed

    The Arab Peace Initiative Is Proposed
    This is also known as the Saudi Initiative and was endorsed by the Arab League. It called for complete withdraw of all occupied territories captured in the 1967 war. Israel rejected the offer but this is the first time the Arab Nations agreed to negotiate with and recognize with Israel.
  • Israel Begins Constructing The West Bank Barrier

    Israel Begins Constructing The West Bank Barrier
    Israel decided to build a security barrier around the West Bank. This fence, has decreased the number of suicide bombings and small attacks. Its goal was to protect Israeli citizens from terrorist attacks. Terrorism has dropped since the wall being created. Palestinian travel and commute has been effected.
  • The Roadmap For Peace Is Proposed

    The Roadmap  For Peace Is Proposed
    This is a plan for peace by the Quartet, United States, Russia, the European Union, and the United Nations. The main goal of this peace agreement are an independent Palestinian state and a secure Israel. There were three phases to the Road-map. The Palestinian election of Hamas made it difficult to negotiate. Later Mahmoud Abbas was elected president, but none of the phases began under his control.
  • Disengagement From Gaza

    Disengagement From Gaza
    leader, Ariel Sharon decided to go ahead with the policy of "disengagement." citizens did not agree, because they will have to leave. Because of the removal of troops in the Gaza, the number of rockets launched into Israel has increased rapidly. This policy required Israeli citizens to leave the Gaza Strip.
  • Hamas Is Elected

    Hamas Is Elected
    Hamas is a very radical group that wants Israel destroyed and has claimed hundreds of terrorist attacks. The biggest reason why Hamas was elected into the government was because the previous government was very corrupt and unorganized. Many western nations imposed sanctions and withheld aid because of Hamas being elected.
  • The 2006 Lebanon War

    The 2006 Lebanon War
    Hezbollah is another organization that wants to destroy Israel. It began firing rockets at Israel and captured two Israeli soldiers. Israel responded with air strikes into Lebanon. Because Hezbollah hid in civilian areas, many Lebanese were killed by Israel strikes. A U.N cease fire stopped the fighting.
  • The Battle Of Gaza

    The Battle Of Gaza
    The build up of tension between the PA and Hamas after the 2006 Palestinian election created The Battle of Gaza. The Battle of Gaza was a conflict made from the struggle for power in Gaza. Hamas forces attacked Fatah members which started the war. The PA dismantled Hamas government. Although PLO leader, Muhammad Abbas, dissolved Hamas government, Hamas gained control of The Gaza Strip and the Palestinian authority controls the West Bank. This created Two Palestinian governments.
  • The Gaza War ( 2008 - 2009 )

    The Gaza War ( 2008 - 2009 )
    Israel launched an attack against Hamas in Gaza in order to disrupt rockets launching into southern Israel and weapon smuggling. The result of this fighting caused many militant and civilian causalities. Along with that, Gaza's building and economy were heavily damaged by attacks.
  • The Gaza Flotilla Incident

    The Gaza Flotilla Incident
    Israel and Egypt began a blockade of Gaza after Hamas gained power. May 31 of 2010 Israel Naval forces boarded ships trying to break the previously made blockade to stop ships from getting to Gaza. The Naval forces told the ships that they could dock in the port of Ashdod in Israel but instead the ships continued to Gaza. To prevent this the Navy went onto the ships in an attempt to stop them. Fights broke out and 9 people died. Turkey demanded an apology and relations with Israel have worsened.
  • The Arab Spring

    The Arab Spring
    Uprisings by civilians stared in Tunisia to protest against oppressive governments and to possibly create democratic governments. Protests spread throughout the Arab Countries, but have no effect on the Arab-Israeli conflict yet.