Wh arab israeli conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict Timeline

By dmsk
  • 1948 War

    1948 War
    15 May 1948 – 10 March 1949
    Israel declared independence. Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq attacked Israel. Israel gained land. Egypt gained the Gaza Strip and Jordan gained the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians and Jews became refugees.
  • Period: to

    Major Events in Arab-Israeli Relations

  • Six Day War/The 1967 War

    Six Day War/The 1967 War
    June 5, 1967 – June 10, 1967
    Egypt blockaded Israel. Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Iraq moved troops to Israel's borders and made threatening statements. Israel launched a preemptive state. Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syria and the Gaza Stip and all of the Sinai Peninsula from Egpyt. More Palestinians and Jews became refugees. Terrorism became more common.
  • Settlement Construction Begins

    Settlement Construction Begins
    June 5-10 1967
    Israeli government allowed building of settlements which were intended to act as security outposts. They were built on Jewish territory but there were very limited contructions. One of the issues that the Israel and the Palestine Authority must negotiate as a part of a comprehensive peace agreements is the future of the settlements.
  • Attrition Battles

    Attrition Battles
    July 1, 1967 – August 7, 1970
    Arab nations met in Khartoom, Sudan in 1967. It declared unwillingness to make peace with Israel. Egypt began attacking Israel until Anwar Sadat came to power. PLO attacked Israeli and they used air plane hijacking and terrorist attacks. After a failed attempt by the PLO to overthrow Jordan's King. The Jordanian army attacked PLO (Black September). They fought until 1971 when Jordan evicted the PLO from the country. PLO moved to Lebanon.
  • The October War/ Yom Kippur War

    The October War/ Yom Kippur War
    October 6-25, 1973
    Egypt and Syria attacked Israel on Yom Kippur, which was the holiest day for Jewish people. The Israeli's pushed back but the United States told them to withdraw. This war reinforced strategic importance of the buffer zones. In the end, Israel got back the territories captured in 1967, but did not gain any addtional land.
  • Egypt and Israel sign a peace Agreement

    Egypt and Israel sign a peace Agreement
    26 March 1979
    Egypt was the first Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel. President Anwar Sadat knew that war would harm Egyptian economy and his people. Israel returned to Egypt all of the Sinai that had been captured during the 1967 war and removed Jewish families from their homes. The agreement became a model for Israels ¨land of peace¨ policy.
  • The 1982 Lebanon War

    The 1982 Lebanon War
    June 6 1982- June 1985
    PLO units were in southern Lebanon. Israel launched an attack on the PLO militants. Israeli troops advanced to Beirut and expelled PLO. It was a very costly procedure. Israel withdrew from most of Lebanon. Israel maintained a military presence that served as a buffer zone which prevented widespread terrorist attacks into Israel from the north. Also, renewed attacks led to the second Lebanon War in 2006.
  • The First Intifada

    The First Intifada
    December 8, 1987- Spetember 13, 1993
    Palastininas in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank engaged in an uprising against Israel. Palastines attacked using fire arms from the PLO and suicide attacks began. Many Palestinians lost their lives and conflicts continued until the Oslo Accords were signed.
  • The Oslo Accords

    The Oslo Accords
    They were a set of agreements when Israel and the PLO signed a Declaration of Principles. This led to the creation of Palestine authority and they were in charge of the territory. Israel had to withdraw from Gaza Strip so they had to defend themselves. In the end, PLO and Israel accepted eachother. The Oslo Accords were meant to bring peace but Israel was forced to give up land.
  • Israel and Jordan sign a Peace Treaty

    Israel and Jordan sign a Peace Treaty
    The United States succeeded in making Peace bewteen Jordan and Israel. Jordan became the second Arab country to recognize Israel. Trade, business, tourism, cultural exchanges and science between the two nations increased since they signed the agreement.
  • The Camp David Summit

    The Camp David Summit
    11 and 25 July 2000
    Bill Clinton brought Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian President Yassar Arafat to Camp David. It was an attempt to negociate a final status agreement. The negociations were private. Arafat refused to compremise so Barak withdrew from the West to create and independent state. Arafat refued the offer. The goal of Summit , which was to have two states live side by side in peace, was not acheived.
  • The Second Intifada

    The Second Intifada
    September 28, 2000 – February 8, 2005
    Israeli general Ariel Sharon visited the Jewish temple Mount. Palastinians claimed that Sharons visit was infuriating and as a result they began to riot. Israeli's said it was a visit of violence. The conflict caused many deaths on both sides. Palastinians became unintentional vivtims of the Intifada. It was ultimately a failed peace process.
  • Arab Peace Initiative is Proposed

    Arab Peace Initiative is Proposed
    A crowned prince, Abdullah of Saudi, king of that current country, proposed a peace initiative towards Israel. The treaty consisted of giving the Arab countries more rights.They also wanted the Israeli's armies to withdraw from the terrorties taken in the "War of 1967". The offer was welcomed by the Israelis, but they do not want to leave the territories of 1967. So they refused to make a peace treaty with the Arab Countries.
  • Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier

    Israel Begins Constructing the West Bank Barrier
    Israel decides to build a security bank. It was a big fence similar to the fence that was built to protect the Gaza Strip. These fences dramatically effected the amount of suicude bombings. Suicide bombings have dropped signifigantly. The Israelis have been blamed for taking some of the land which is where the Palestnians learned how to read and write.
  • The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed

    The Roadmap for Peace is Proposed
    A peace plan is offered in the quadrant four countries. The countries were United States, Russia, European Union and United Nations. This roadmap was divided into 3 phases, But it never even passed the first phase. The plan was halted when the Hamas wanted Israel to be destroyed and they intended to do so but it never happened. The Palestinains and the Israels began negotiations for peace. There is still yet to be signifgant progress.
  • Israel Disengages from Gaza

    Israel Disengages from Gaza
    On August 15, 2005 was the deadline that Israeli citizens had to vacate their homes. In other words, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon wanted Israeli citizens to "disengage" from the Gaza, Many of them did not want to leave.The Israelis left that land because they wanted the Palestinians to try and govern themselves. Since the Israelis left the Gaza, the number of rockets fired by terrorists has increased dramatically.
  • Hamas is Elected

    Hamas is Elected
    The Palestinians elected many Hamas which was a group of terrorists that wanted the Israeli people dead. They promised the people that they would have an uncorrupt government. The Hamas wanted death to Israel, The Western Nations did not like the election of the Hamas, so they brought back the Palestinians and issued the authority to stop the government.
  • The 2006 Lebanon War

    The 2006 Lebanon War
    A racial dispute led to war, it was heaivly supported by Iran, Saudi Arabia and Syria. They wanted to put Nuclear War on Israel but it was never accomplished. A war did happen though it was called The Lebanon War. A war with many bombings with no Nuclear War. Bombings came from neghboring countries and etc. This war destroyed Lebanaons structure.
  • The Battle of Gaza

    The Battle of Gaza
    A great tension between the PLO Fathas and the Hama Terrorist Group, since they won the election in 2006. The Hamas issued attacks on the PLO's and that developed into a battle. They wanted full control of the Gaza and West Bank but in this case, The PLO's govern the West Bank and the Hamas the Gaza.
  • The Gaza War

    The Gaza War
    During the date of December 27, 2008 – January 18, 2009, The Israelis targeted many attacks on the Hamas, the terrorist group. They were large bombings and were happened because the Hamas were smuggling weapons into Southern Israel. Many casualties resulted from the bombings, from civilians to warriors.
  • Gaza Flotilla Incident

    Gaza Flotilla Incident
    During this event in the Arab Israeli Conflict, the Hamas seized to get their land back from the Gaza War. They took control of some of the Palestinian Land and they wanted goods . Then the Isralis attacked 6 ships and bombarded each one and took the goods. They attacked many people along the way including people on ship. The ships they attacked with Turkish ships.
  • The Arab Spring

    The Arab Spring
    December 18, 2010 it is said to have started but the government was overthrown in Tunisia on 14 January 2011. The Tunusians protested the government and then Iraq joined in along with Turkey. Then most middle eastern countries joined. Some peace has been made but not all.