Israel and Palestine 1946-present

  • Bombimg

    King David Hotel bombed by Irgun
  • UN propistion

    UN proposes the establishment of Arab and Jewish states in the land
  • Israel

    State of Israel proclaimed
  • Invasion

    Israel invaded by five Arab states
  • War of Independance

    The War of Independence began
  • Jerusalem

    Western Jerusalem was declared Israels capitol
  • Magic Carpet

    Operation Magic Carpet successfully airlifted 45000 Jews from Yemen, Palestine
  • reperations

    Israel demanded DM 6.2 billion ($1.5 billion) in German reparations for the cost of caring for war refugees
  • Luxembourg Agreement

    Germany and Israel signed the Luxembourg Agreement, an accord about re-covery payments. West Germany agreed to pay Israel a sum of 3 billion marks over the next fourteen years. It was signed by West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett and World Jewish Congress President Nahum Goldmann
  • Soviets break off

    The Soviets broke off diplomatic relations with Israel after the bombing of Soviet legation
  • Coded Radio

    Coded messages were delivered to Israeli agents via Israel Radio to blow up a number of buildings in Egypt in order to delay Britain’s departure from the Suez Canal. They planned to blame the acts on Muslim radicals but the plan was uncovered. This came to be known as the Lavan Affair after Pinhas Lavan, leader of Unit 13, refused to accept responsibility on the grounds that the operation was conducted without his knowledge
  • Attack on Gaza

    Israeli assault on Gaza killed 48
  • defence pact

    Lebanon and Syria signed a defense pact providing for joint retaliation against Israel if either was attacked
  • hand grenades

    Hand grenade exploded in Israel's Knesset
  • heavy water

    Britain shipped 20 tons of heavy water to Israel. The information, made public in 2005, revealed that the water was vital for the production of plutonium at Israel's secret Dimona nuclear reactor in the Negev desert. The documents revealed that heavy water was transported from a British port in Israeli ships in two shipments, half in June 1959 and half a year later
  • nazi official captured

    Israel announced Israeli agents had captured former Nazi official SS Lt. Col. Adolf Eichmann in Argentina. Eichmann was tried in Israel, found guilty of crimes against humanity, and hanged in 1962
  • execution

    • Adolf Eichmann is executed in Israel for his part in the Holocaust
  • JFK

    • JFK offered Israel assistance against aggression
  • Fatah

    • Fatah, the Palestinian guerrilla group founded by Yasser Arafat, made its 1st armed attack against Israel. The annual celebration of this day came to be known as Fatah Day
  • breaking ties

    • Several Arab nations broke ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel.
  • Period: to

    Adda Eban

    • Abba Eban served as Israel’s foreign minister
  • six day war

    • The Six Day War erupted in the Middle East as Israel, convinced an Arab attack was imminent, raided Egyptian military targets. Syria, Jordan and Iraq entered the conflict. Jordan lost the West Bank, an area of 2,270 sq. miles. War broke out as Israel reacted to the removal of UN peace-keeping troops, Arab troop movements and the barring of Israeli ships in the Gulf of Aqaba
  • attacking palestine

    • Israeli forces attacked a Palestinian base belonging to Fatah in the village of Al-Karameh in Jordan. Israeli forces engage in a battle with Palestinian fighters for the first time. On 24 March 1968, the Security Council adopted resolution 248 (1968), condemning the large scale and premeditated military actions by Israel against Jordan. The Karameh mission failed. Muki Betser, Israeli commando, was wounded. He later became commander of the Sayeret Matkal, Israel’s elite counter-terrorist un
  • PLO machine gun

    • The PLO (PFLP-GC) machine-gunned an Israeli El-Al plane in Zurich, Switzerland. One Palestinian was killed and 4 were arrested
  • attack Cairo

    • Israeli fighter jets attacked the suburbs of Cairo
  • hijacked airpalne

    • A Belgian Sabena aircraft, bound for Tel Aviv, was hijacked by 4 Palestinians. At Lod Intl. 2 hijackers were shot and killed by Israeli military personnel, dressed as ground engineers. One passenger died 8 days later as a result of her wounds. The two women hijackers were subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • Israeli plane

    • Israeli fighter planes shot down a Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai Desert, killing over 100 people
  • school in maalot

    • PFLP terrorists took a school in Maalot, Israel. 26 people were killed including 21 children after an unsuccessful rescue attempt
  • Investigating Attacks

    • Two French intelligence agents, Raymond Dous and Jean Donatini, who were investigating attacks on planes of Israel’s El Al airline at Orly Airport, were killed by Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez. Sanchez was identified by an arrested Palestinian Front militant, Michel Moukharbal, and was also killed.
  • 6 Palestinians dead

    • Israel killed 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation
  • First arab president

    • Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to address Israel's parliament
  • Invade south

    • An Israeli force of 22,000 invaded south Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases
  • 3 Israelis dead

    • Samir Kantar (b.1962) and 3 PLF terrorists killed three Israelis in the northern city of Nahariya
  • 6 jews dead

    • Israel’s government allowed settlers to expand their presence in the Arab area of Hebron after a Palestinian attack killed 6 Jews returning from prayer at Abraham’s tomb.
  • Destroying nuclear power

    Israeli F-16 fighter-bombers destroyed a nuclear power plant in Iraq at Osirak, Iraq, before it went into operation, a facility the Israelis charged could have been used to make nuclear weapons. Ilan Ramon (d.2003) flew the last of the 8 planes that bombed the reactor. In 2004 Rodger W. Claire authored “Raid on the Sun.”
  • open fire on Palestine

    In Israel Alan Goodman opened fire on Palestinians praying at the Temple Mount, the site of Islam’s third-holiest shrine. He killed 2 and was sentenced to life in prison. He was released to the US in 1997 after agreeing to spend the next 8 years in the US
  • exchange

    PLO exchanged 6 Israeli prisoners for 4,500 Palestinians and Lebanese
  • Vengeance

    George Jonas authored “Vengeance,” an account of an Israeli hit squad ordered to track down Palestinians responsible for the Sep 5, 1972, attack on Israeli athletes in Munich
  • exchange

    Israel exchanged 1,150 Palestinian prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers. The exchange was later referred to as the Jibril deal after the leader of the PFLP-GC, Ahmad Jibril.
  • plane shot down

    Ron Arad, an Israeli airman, was the navigator in a plane that was shot down while bombing a Palestinian refugee camp in southern Lebanon. He was reportedly handed over to a Lebanese Shiite group led by Mustafa Dirani. In 2004 it was reported that Arad died in 1996 , sometime after he was handed by Lebanese fighters to their Iranian sponsors. In 2008 a Hezbollah report said Arad had escaped from a holding cell in 1988 and probably died while trying to make his way home through difficult terrain.
  • intefadeh

    The first Palestinian intefadeh (Arabic for uprising) began as riots broke out in Gaza and spread to the West Bank, triggering a strong Israeli counter-response.
  • deport from west beirut

    The Israeli Army ordered nine Palestinian activists deported from West Beirut as part of a controversial crackdown to stop the uprising in the occupied territories. Israeli raids on Palestinian and Progressive Socialist Party positions in the region of Saida make killed 21 persons and wounded 11
  • end of intifadeh

    Israel’s Minister of Defense Rabin proposed that Palestinians end the intifadah in exchange for an opportunity to elect local leaders who would negotiate with the Israeli government.
  • peace talk

    The Israeli government of Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir lost a vote of confidence in the Knesset after Shamir refused to accept a U.S. plan for Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.
  • meeting

    Secretary of State James A. Baker met with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and a Palestinian delegation as he continued a fact-finding mission
  • stop the deportion

    The United States joined the U.N. Security Council in condemning Israel's planned deportation of 12 Palestinians
  • red cross visits

    Two Red Cross officials visited a camp of Palestinians who had been deported by Israel to a no man's land in southern Lebanon
  • talk resumed

    Talks between Israeli and Palestinian negotiators resumed in Taba, Egypt
  • palestine bombers

    Two Palestinians blew themselves up at Beit Lid junction in central Israel and killed 21 Israelis. Dozens of others were injured and the Islamic Jihad took responsibility.
  • suicide bombers

    In separate attacks 2 Palestinian suicide bombers blew up a bus in Jerusalem and a soldiers hitchhiking post in the coastal city of Ashkelon. 23 Israelis were killed, as well as 2 Americans and a Palestinian. More than 80 people were wounded. Hamas took responsibility.
  • angry soldier

    An off-duty Israeli soldier, Noam Friedman, with a history of mental problems opened fire on a crowded vegetable market in Hebron, wounding 5 [7] people and touching off a stone-throwing demonstration by angry Palestinians
  • 12 page list

    In Israel the Cabinet adopted a 12-page list of conditions for the Palestinians to meet before the transfer of any more West Bank land
  • rubber bullet

    A Palestinian man was killed by an Israeli rubber bullet when he threw stones to protest the demolition of an Arab-owned home in East Jerusalem
  • pullback

    Israel and Palestine agreed on an Israeli troop pullback and the transfer of an additional 5% of West Bank land